An, B. K., K. H. Shinn, Y. Kobayashi, K. Tanaka and C. W. Kang. 2003. Excessive dietary conjugated linoleic acid affects hepatic lipid content and muscular fatty acid composition in young chicks. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:1171-1176
An, B. K., S. Ohtani and K. Tanaka. 1995. Effects of dietary vitamin B6 levels on lipid concentration and fatty acid composition in growing chicks. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 8: 627-633.
AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 15th ed.
Diaz, G. J., L. P. Roldan and A. Cortes. 2003. Intoxication of Crotalaria pallida seeds to growing broiler chicks. Vet. Hum. Toxicol. 45:187-189.
Duncan, D. B. 1955. Multiple range and multiple F test. Biometr. 11:1-42.
Fernandez, S. R., Y. Zhang and C. M. Parsons. 1995. Dietary formulation with cottonseed meal on a total amino acid versus a digestible amino acid basis. Poult. Sci. 74:1168-1179.
Folch, J., M. Lee and G. H. Sloane-Stanley. 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissue. J. Biol. Chem. 226:497-509.
Green, S. and T. Kiener. 1989. Digestibilities of nitrogen and amino acids in soya-bean, sunflower, meat and rapeseed meals measured with pigs and poultry. Anim. Prod. 48:157-179.
Kim, H. S., J. C. Na, C. H. Choi, B. D. Sang, S. J. Lee and H. K. Chung. 1999. Effects of red pepper seed meal supplementation on performance and abdominal fat accumulation in broilers. Kor. J. Poult. Sci. 26:51-56
Kim, S., J. B. Park and L. K. Hwang. 2002. Quality attributes of various varieties of Korea red pepper powder (Capsicum annuum L.) and color stability during sunlight exposure. J. Food Sci. 67:2957-2961.
Kloss, P., E. Jeffery, M. Trumbleson, Y. Zhang, C. Parsons and M. Wallig. 1996. Studies on the toxic effects of crambe meal and two of its constituents, 1-cyano-2hydroxy-3-butene and epiprogoitrin, in broiler chick diets. Br. Poult. Sci. 37:971-986.
Korean Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. 2000. Agriculture and Forestry of Statistical Yearbook. p. 144
Ku, K. U., N. Y. Kim, J. B. Park and W. S Park. 2001. Characteristics of color and pungency in the red pepper for Kimchi. Kor. J. Food Sci. Technol. 33:231-237.
Likuski, H. J. A. and H. G. Dorrell. 1978. A bioassay for rapid determinations of amino acid availability values. Poult. Sci. 57:1658-1660.
Moore, S. 1963. On the determination of cysteine as cysteic acid. J. Biol. Chem. 238:235-237.
National Research Council. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th rev. ed. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC.
Negulesco, J. A., C. L. Lohse, E. E. Hrabovsky, M. T. Boggs and D. H. Davis. 1989. Dihydrocapsaicin protects against serum hyperlipidemia in guinea pigs fed a cholesterol-enriched diet. Artery. 16:174-188.
Negulesco, J. A., S. A. Noel, H. A Newman, E. C. Naber, H. B. Bhat and D. T. Witiak. 1987. Effects of pure capsaicinoids (capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin) on plasma lipid and lipoprotein concentrations turkey poults. Atherosclerosis. 64:85-90.
Rural Deveolpment Administration. 1988. Feedstuff Handbood. pp. 190-191
Saria, A., F. Lembeck and G. Skofitsch. 1981. Determination of capsaicin in tissues and separation of capsaicin analogues by high-performance liquid chromatography. J. Chromatography. 208:41-46.
SAS.2002. SAS User's guide. Statistical Analysis System Institute. Inc., Cary, NC.
Sibbald, I. R. 1979. A bioassay for available amino acids and true metabolizable energy in feedingstuffs. Poult. Sci. 58:668-673.
Spackman, D. H., W. H. Stein and S. Moore. 1958. Automatic recording apparatus for use in the chromatography of amino acids. Anal. Chem. 30:1190-1206.
Srinivasan, K. and K. Sambaiah. 1991. The effect of spices on cholresterol 7 alfa-hydroxylase activity and on serum and hepatic cholesterol levels in the rat. Int. J. Vitam. Nutr. Res. 61:364-369.
Zuprizal, M. Larbier, A. M. Chagneau and P. A. Geraert. 1993. Influence of ambient temperature on true digestibility of protein and amino acids of rapeseed and soybean meals in broilers. Poult. Sci. 72:289-295.