Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Replacing Rolled Corn with Potato Pulp Silage in Grass Silage-based Diets on Nitrogen Utilization by Steers
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Replacing Rolled Corn with Potato Pulp Silage in Grass Silage-based Diets on Nitrogen Utilization by Steers
Aibibula, Y.; Okine, A.; Hanada, M.; Murata, S.; Okamoto, M.; Goto, M.;
  PDF(new window)
Three Holstein steers fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulae were fed grass silage-based diets supplemented with potato pulp silage as a substitute for rolled corn at levels of 0%, 50% and 100% on a DM basis in a Latin square design to investigate the effect of potato pulp silage on nitrogen (N) utilization in ruminants. Organic matter (OM) intake, and rumen and total tract digestibilities did not differ among treatment diets. Rumen and post-rumen starch digestibilities were similar among treatments, although starch intake decreased (p<0.01) with potato pulp supplementation. There were no significant differences (p>0.05) in ruminal N utilization and non-ammonia N supply to the duodenum of steers fed grass silage supplemented with potato pulp silage as a substitute for rolled corn. There were no treatment differences (p>0.05) in rumen pH, volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentration or the molar percentages of acetate and propionate. The ammonia-N concentration in rumen fluid tended to decrease (p<0.1) when rolled corn was substituted with potato pulp silage. Ether extract intake and post-ruminal digestibility significantly (p<0.01) decreased in steers fed diets containing potato pulp silage. Concentrations of total cholesterol and phospholipids in serum markedly decreased (p<0.01) with potato pulp silage supplementation without adversely affecting liver function. These data suggested that potato pulp silage has a similar value as rolled corn as an energy source for rumen microorganisms.
Nitrogen Utilization;Potato Pulp Silage;Rumen;Rolled Corn;Steers;
 Cited by
Intake, Digestibility In vivo, N Utilization and In sacco Dry Matter Degradability of Grass Silage Harvested at Three Stages of Maturity,Vranic, Marina;Knezevic, Mladen;Perculija, Goran;Bosnjak, Kresimir;Leto, Josip;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2009. vol.22. 2, pp.225-231 crossref(new window)
Variations in Conjugated Linoleic Acid Concentrations in Cows Milk, Depending on Feeding Systems in Different Seasons,Zunong, Maimaijiang;Hanada, Masaaki;Aibibula, Yimamu;Okamoto, Meiji;Tanaka, Keiichi;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008. vol.21. 10, pp.1466-1472 crossref(new window)
AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis (15th ed.), Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.

Abe, A. 1988. Feed analyses based on carbohydrates and application to the nutritive value of feeds. In: Feed Quality Evaluation Guidebook 2001. Japan Grassland, Livestock and Seed Association. pp. 16-18.

Japanese Feeding Standard for Beef Cattle. 2000. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council Secretariat, Japan.

Aibibula, Y., M. Hanada and M. Okamoto. 2002. Nitrogen digestion in the rumen and small intestine of steers grazing orchardgrass and meadow fescue pastures. Grassland Sci. 48:332-339.

Aibibula, Y., M. Hanada, O. Abdulrazak, S. Murata and M. Okamoto. 2004. Effect of potato pulp supplementation on nitrogen utilization in ruminants. In: Proceedings of the Eleventh Animal Science Congress, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 331-333.

Cone, J. W., H. A. Van Gelder, H. Bachmann and A.H. Vincent. 2002. Comparison of organic matter degradation in several feedstuffs in the rumen as determined with the nylon bag and gas production techniques. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 96:55-67. crossref(new window)

Daniel, M., M. Castillo, A. Andaluz, M. Anguita, J. Morales and J. Gasa. 2003. Consumption of raw potato starch increases colon length and fecal excretion of purine bases in growing pigs. J. Nutr. 133:134-139.

Dickey, H. C., H. A. Leonard, S. D. Musgrave and P. C. Young. 1971. Nutritive characteristics of dried potato by-product meal for ruminants. J. Dairy Sci. 54:876-879. crossref(new window)

Duncan, R. W., J. Males, W. M. L. Nelson and E. L. Martin. 1991. Corn and barley mixtures in finishing steer diets containing potato process residue. J. Prod. Agric. 4:426-432.

Hanada, M., Y. Aibibula, D. Okumura and M. Okamoto. 2005. Effect of potato pulp silage supplementation on milk production in cows grazing temperate pasture. Proceedings of the 20 th International Grassland Congress, Dublin, Ireland. p. 155.

Hanada, M., Y. Aibibula and M. Okamoto. 2003. Effect of energy supplement for steers grazing temperate pasture on N flow to duodenum and amino acid composition of duodenal digesta. Tropical and Subtropical Agro ecosystems, 3:361-364 (Special edition).

Hanada, M., Y. Aibibula, O. Abdulrazak, S. Murata, K. Ikehata and M. Okamoto. 2004. Comparison of potato pulp silage with rolled corn as an energy source of growing Holstein steers. In: Proceedings of the Eleventh Animal Science Congress, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 367-369.

Monteils, V., S. Jurjanz, O. Colin-Schoellen, G. Blanchard and F. Laurent. 2002. Kinetics of ruminal degradation of wheat and potato starches in total mixed rations. J. Anim. Sci. 80:235-241.

Mori, K., T. Kudo, T. Bando, S. Hara, T. Hatta and H. Tsunemitu. 1986. Blood chemical findings of dairy cows fed potato pulp silage. Hokkaido Bulletin of Animal Research, 15:41-49.

Nelson, M. L., J. R. Busboom, J. D. Cronrath, L. Falen and A. Blankenbaker. 2000. Effects of graded levels of potato byproducts in barley-and corn-based beef feedlot diets: I. Feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, meat composition and appearance. J. Anim. Sci. 78:1829-1836.

Okamoto, M., M. Hanada, Y. Aibibula, K. Ikehata and S. Murata. 2004. Voluntary intake of potato pulp silage by steers fed alfalfa hay. Grassland Sci. 50:416-417 (Special edition).

Okine, A., M. Hanada, A. Yimamu and M. Okamoto. 2005. Ensiling of potato pulp with or without bacterial inoculants and its effect on fermentation quality, nutrient composition and nutritive value. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 121:329-343. crossref(new window)

Okine, A., A.Yimamu, M. Hanada and M. Okamoto. 2007. The use of fungal inoculants in the ensiling of potato pulp: Effect of temperature and duration of storage on silage fermentation characteristics. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20(2):214-219.

Okuda, T., S. Fuji and Y. Kawashima. 1965. A direct colorimetric determination of blood ammonia. Tokushima J. Experimental Medicine, 12:11-23.

Smith, R. H. and A. B. McAllan. 1974. Some factors influencing the chemical composition of mixed rumen bacteria. Br. J. Nutr. 31:27-34. crossref(new window)

Yoshida, M., K. Kosaka, S. Horii and K. Kameoka. 1967. A new procedure for the determination of chromic oxide with potassium phosphate reagent. Jpn. J. Poult. Sci. 4:24-29. crossref(new window)

Zinn, R. A. and F. N. Owens. 1986. A rapid procedure for purine measurement and its use for estimating net ruminal protein synthesis. Canadian J. Anim. Sci. 66:157-166. crossref(new window)