Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Effects of Probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri Pg4 Strain on Intestinal Characteristics and Performance in Broilers
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Effects of Probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri Pg4 Strain on Intestinal Characteristics and Performance in Broilers
Yu, B.; Liu, J.R.; Chiou, M.Y.; Hsu, Y.R.; Chiou, W.S.;
  PDF(new window)
This study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of using L. reuteri Pg4, a strain isolated from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of healthy broilers, as a probiotic. In preliminary in vitro studies the Pg4 strain was proven capable of tolerating acid and bile salts, inhibiting pathogenic bacteria and can adhere to intestinal epithelial cells. The probiotic properties were then evaluated on the basis of the broiler's growth performance, intestinal microbial population and cecal volatile fatty acid and lactic acid concentrations under conventional feeding. Dietary supplementation of dried L. reuteri Pg4 decreased significantly feed intake in grower chickens and improved significantly the feed conversion by 5% in a 0-6 weeks feeding period compared with the control group. The Lactobacillus counts in the crop, ileum, and cecum of the probiotic group were higher than in the control group. The L. reuteri Pg4 strain was traceable in the GI tract of probiotic supplemented chicks and showed capability of survival in the intestine for a protracted period. The probiotic group had a higher lactic acid concentration and lower pH value in the cecum than the control chicks. Probiotic supplement also affected the histology of the intestinal mucosa of chicks. The present findings demonstrated that L. reuteri Pg4 possesses probiotic characteristics and it is suggested, therefore, that the organism could be a candidate for a new probiotic strain.
Broiler;Growth Performance;Intestine;Probiotic;
 Cited by
Screening of Indigenous Strains of Lactic Acid Bacteria for Development of a Probiotic for Poultry,;;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2008. vol.21. 10, pp.1495-1500 crossref(new window)
Probiotics in Drinking Water Alleviate Stress of Induced Molting in Feed-deprived Laying Hens,;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2008. vol.21. 8, pp.1196-1200 crossref(new window)
The Probiotic and Adherence Properties of Lactobacillus reuteri Pg4 Expressing the Rumen Microbial β-Glucanase,;;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2008. vol.21. 9, pp.1324-1329 crossref(new window)
Effects of Bacillus subtilis, Kefir and β-Glucan Supplementation on Growth Performance, Blood Characteristics, Meat Quality and Intestine Microbiota in Broilers,;;;

한국가금학회지, 2016. vol.43. 3, pp.159-167 crossref(new window)
culture on gosling growth performance, British Poultry Science, 2008, 49, 4, 418  crossref(new windwow)
on growth performance, faecal microbial population, small intestine villus height and faecal volatile fatty acids in broilers, British Poultry Science, 2009, 50, 3, 298  crossref(new windwow)
on growth performance, fecal microflora, volatile fatty acids and villi height in broilers, Animal Science Journal, 2010, 81, 2, 205  crossref(new windwow)
A Potent Probiotic Strain from Cheddar Cheese, Indian Journal of Microbiology, 2011, 51, 3, 251  crossref(new windwow)
Serovar Choleraesuis Infection in Swine, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013, 2013, 1741-4288, 1  crossref(new windwow)
Study and use of the probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri in pigs: a review, Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology, 2015, 6, 1  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of Bacillus subtilis, Kefir and β-Glucan Supplementation on Growth Performance, Blood Characteristics, Meat Quality and Intestine Microbiota in Broilers, Korean Journal of Poultry Science, 2016, 43, 3, 159  crossref(new windwow)
Purification of Antilisterial Peptide (Subtilosin A) from Novel Bacillus tequilensis FR9 and Demonstrate Their Pathogen Invasion Protection Ability Using Human Carcinoma Cell Line, Frontiers in Microbiology, 2016, 7, 1664-302X  crossref(new windwow)
Expression of the Clonostachys rosea lactonohydrolase gene by Lactobacillus reuteri to increase its zearalenone-removing ability, Microbial Cell Factories, 2017, 16, 1  crossref(new windwow)
Evaluation of Probiotic Potential of Some Native Lactobacillus Strains on the Growth Performance and Serum Biochemical Parameters of Japanese Quails (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) during Rearing Period, Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola, 2017, 19, 3, 399  crossref(new windwow)
Diversity and Probiotic Potential of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Horreh, a Traditional Iranian Fermented Food, Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins, 2017, 1867-1314  crossref(new windwow)
Amit-Romach, E., D. Sklan and Z. Uni. 2004. Micro flora ecology of the chicken intestine using 16S ribosomal DNA primers. Poult. Sci. 83:1093-1098. crossref(new window)

Annika, M., M. M. Manninen and H. Gylienberg. 1983. The adherence of lactic acid bacteria to the columnar epithelial cells of pigs and calves. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 55:241-245. crossref(new window)

Barrow, P. A. 1992. Probiotics for chickens. In Probiotics: The Scientific Basis (Ed. R. Fuller). Chapman and Hall. London, p. 255-257.

Chou, L. S. and B. Weimer. 1999. Isolation and characterization of acid- and bile-tolerant isolates from strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus. J. Dairy Sci. 82:23-31. crossref(new window)

Corrier, D. E., A. Hinton, R. L. Ziprin, R. C. Beier and J. R. DeLoach. 1990. Effect of dietary lactose on cecal pH, bacteriostatic volatile fatty acids, and Salmonella typhimurium colonization of broiler chicks. Avian Dis. 34:617-625. crossref(new window)

Fuller, R. 1989. Probiotic in man and animals. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 66:365-378. crossref(new window)

Gilliland, S. E. and D. K. Walker. 1990. Factors to consider when selecting cultures of Lactobacillus acidophilus as a dietary adjunct to produce a hypocholesteroleric effect in humans. J. Dairy Sci. 73:905-911. crossref(new window)

Jin, L. Z., Y. W. Ho, N. Abdullah, H. Kudo and S. Jalaludin. 1997. Studies on the intestinal microflora of chicken under tropical condition. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 10:495-504. crossref(new window)

Jin, L. Z., Y. W. Ho, N. Abdullah and S. Jalaludin. 1998. Acid and bile tolerance of Lactobacillus isolated from chicken intestine. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 27:183-185. crossref(new window)

Jones, F. T. 1991. Use of direct-fed microbials not new; way they work is still not clear. Feedstuff. 28:31-34.

Kailasapathy, K. and J. Chin. 2000. Survival and therapeutic potential of probiotic organisms with reference to Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium spp. Immunol. Cell Biol. 78:80-88. crossref(new window)

Khaksefidi, A. and Sh. Rahimi. 2005. Effect of probiotic inclusion in the diet of broiler chickens on performance, feed efficiency and carcass quality. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:1153-1156. crossref(new window)

Koenen, M. E., J. Kramer, R. van der Hulst, L. Heres, S. H. Jeurissen and W. J. Boersma. 2004. Immunomodulation by probiotic lactobacilli in layer- and meat-type chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 45:355-66. crossref(new window)

Liu, J. R., B. Yu, S. H. Lin, K. J. Cheng and Y. C. Chen. 2005. Direct cloning of a xylanase gene from the mixed genomic DNA of rumen fungi and its expression in intestinal Lactobacillus reuteri. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 251:233-241. crossref(new window)

Marsili, R. T., H. Ostapenko, R. E. Simmons and D. E. Green. 1981. High performance liquid chromatographic determination of organic acids in dairy product. J. Food Sci. 46:52-57. crossref(new window)

NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry, ninth ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Parker, D. C. and R. T. McMillan. 1976. The determination of volatile fatty acids in the cecum of the conscious rabbit. Br. J. Nutr. 35:365-371. crossref(new window)

Patterson, J. A. and K. M. Burkholder. 2003. Application of prebiotics and probiotics in poultry production. Poult. Sci. 82:627-631. crossref(new window)

Rambaud, J. C., Y. Bouhnik, P. Marteau and P. Pochart. 1993. Manipulation of the human gut micro flora. Proc. Nutr. Soc. 52:357-366. crossref(new window)

Rammelsberg, M. and F. Radler. 1990. Antibacterial polypeptides of Lactobacillus species. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 69:177-184. crossref(new window)

Reid, G. and R. Friendship. 2002. Alternatives to antibiotic use; probiotics for the gut. Anim. Biotechnol. 13:97-112. crossref(new window)

Sakata, T., T. Kojima, M. Fujieda, M. Takahashi and T. Michibata. 2003. Influences of probiotic bacteria on organic acid production by pig cecal bacteria in vitro. Proc. Nutr. Soc. 62:73-80. crossref(new window)

SAS. 1999. SAS User's Guide: Ver. 8.0 SAS Institute., Cary, NC.

Savage, D. C. 1977. Microbial ecology of the gastrointestinal tract. Ann. Re. Microbiol. 31:107-133. crossref(new window)

Song, Y. L., N. Kato, C. X. Liu, Y. Matsumiya, H. Kato and K. Watanabe. 2000. Rapid identification of 11 human intestinal Lactobacillus species by multiplex PCR assays using groupand species-specific primers derived from the 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer region and its flanking 23S rRNA. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 187:167-173.

Steel, R. G. D. and J. H. Torrie. 1984. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. A Biometrical Approach. (2nd Ed.) McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc. New York, USA.

Strompfova, V., A. Laukova and A. C. Ouwehand. 2004. Selection of enterococci for potential canine probiotic additives. Vet. Microbiol. 100:107-114. crossref(new window)

Tannock, G. W., A. Tilsala-Timisjarvi, S. Rodtong, J. Ng, K. Munro and T. Alatossava. 1999. Identification of Lactobacillus isolates from the gastrointestinal tract, silage, and yoghurt by 16S-23S rRNA gene intergenic spacer region sequence comparisons. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:4264-4267.

Thompson, J. L. and M. Hinton. 1997. Antibacterial activity of formic acid and propionic acid in the diet of hens on Salmonella in the crop. Br. Poult. Sci. 38:59-65. crossref(new window)

Uni, Z., Y. Noy and D. Sklan. 1995. Posthatch changes in morphology and function of the small intestines in heavy and light strain chicks. Poult. Sci. 74: 1622-1629. crossref(new window)

Watkins, B. A. and F. H. Kratzer. 1983. Effect of oral dosing of Lactobacillus strains on gut colonization and liver biotin on broiler chicks. Poult. Sci. 62:2088-2094. crossref(new window)

Watkins, B. A. and F. H. Kratzer. 1984. Drinking water treatment with commercial preparation of a concentrated Lactobacillus culture for broiler chicks. Poult. Sci. 63:1671-1673. crossref(new window)

Yu, B., H. Y. Tsen and P. W. S. Chiou. 1999. Cecal culture nhances performance and prevents Salmonella infection in broilers. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 8:195-204. crossref(new window)