Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Cattle Slurry on Growth, Biomass Yield and Chemical Composition of Maize Fodder
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Cattle Slurry on Growth, Biomass Yield and Chemical Composition of Maize Fodder
Rahman, S.M.E.; Islam, M.A.; Rahman, M.M.; Oh, Deog-Hwan;
  PDF(new window)
An experiment was carried out to study the effect of cattle slurry on maize fodder (Zea mays) production. Maize fodder was produced at 4 cattle slurry levels (0 ton/ha), (10 ton/ha), (12 ton/ha) and (14 ton/ha) in a randomized block design. Agronomic characteristics, plant heights, circumference of stems, number of leaves, leaf area and dry matter yield of maize fodder were measured. Maize plant height and stem circumference were significantly (p<0.01) influenced by the increasing rate of cattle slurry at 15, 30, 45 and 56 days after sowing. Number of leaves of fodder plants was not significant but leaf area was significant (p<0.05) among the treatment groups. The highest biomass yield (p<0.01) of maize fodder was observed in (44.0 ton/ha). For crude protein content, a significant difference (p<0.01) was observed in the treatment groups and the highest value was observed in (11.99%). Organic matter content of maize fodder showed a significant difference but ash, ADF and NDF contents showed no significant differences among treatment groups. From this study it may be concluded that the application of 12 tons of cattle slurry/ha was optimal for production of biomass and nutrient content of maize fodder.
Cattle Slurry;Biomass Yield;Nutrient Content;Maize Fodder;
 Cited by
Kinetics of Chemical Properties and Microbial Quantity in Soil Amended with Raw and Processed Pig Slurry,Suresh, A.;Choi, Hong L.;Zhukun, Zhukun;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2009. vol.22. 5, pp.732-739 crossref(new window)
Eco-friendly Production of Maize Using Struvite Recovered from Swine Wastewater as a Sustainable Fertilizer Source,Liu, YingHao;Rahman, M.M.;Kwag, Jung-Hoon;Kim, Jae-Hwan;Ra, Chang-Six;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2011. vol.24. 12, pp.1699-1705 crossref(new window)
AOAC. 2003. Official methods of Analysis (17th edition). Association of official analytical chemistry, Washington, DC., USA.

Azim, A., Z. Naseer and A. Ali. 1989. Nutritional evaluation of maize fodder at two different vegetative stages. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 2:27-34.

Balsari, P., G. Airoldi and F. Gioelli. 2005. Improved recycling of livestock slurries on maize by means of a modular tanker and spreader. Biores. Technol. 96(2):229-234. crossref(new window)

BBS. 2005. Statistical year book of Bangladesh. Ministry of Planning, Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh.

Beckwith, C. P., P. J. Lewis, A. G. Chalmers, M. A. Forment and K. A. Smith. 2002. Successive annual application of organic manure cut grass: Short-term observation on utilization of manure nitrogen. Grass and Forage Science 57(3):191-202. crossref(new window)

Begum, T. 2003. Use of maize as in human food. Production and Uses of Maize in Bangladesh. Published by BARI, CIMMYT and Integrated Maize Development Project, Bangladesh. pp. 127-138.

Chitra, S. 2000. Efficacy of indigenous mulches on the productivity of maize. M.S. Thesis. Dept. Crop Bot., Bangladesh Agric. Univ., Mymensingh.

Dambreville, C., T. Morvan and J. C. Germon. 2008. $N_{2}O$ emission in maize-crops fertilized with pig slurry, matured pig manure or ammonium nitrate in Brittany. Ag. Ecosystems and Environ. 123(1-3):201-210. crossref(new window)

Dauden, A. and D. Quilez. 2004. Pig slurry versus mineral fertilization on corn yield and nitrate leaching in a Mediterranean irrigated environment. Eur. J. Agron. 21(1):7-19. crossref(new window)

Duncan, W. G. 1975. Maize. In: Crop physiology (Ed. L. T. Evans). Camb. Univ. Press, London. pp. 23-50.

Durmus Ozturk, Mustafa Kizilsimsek, Adem Kamalak, Onder Canbolat and Cagri Ozgur Ozkan. 2006. Effects of ensiling alfalfa with whole-crop maize on the chemical composition and nutritive value of silage mixtures. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19(4):526-532.

Faichney, G. J. and G. A. White. 1983. Methods for the analysis of feeds eaten by ruminants. Com. Sci. Inds. Res. Org. Australia.

Halima, S. 1999. Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer and stage of maturity on yield and nutritive value of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) forage. M.S. Thesis Dept. Anim. Nutri. Bangladesh Agric. Univ. Mymensingh.

Haque, M. M. 2003. Variety development of maize and its characteristics in Bangladesh. Production and Uses of Maize in Bangladesh. Published by BARI, CIMMYT and Integrated Maize Development Project, Bangladesh. pp. 17-22.

Hossain, A. 2001. Growth and yield of maize as influenced by soil moisture management practice and form of urea fertilizer. M.S. Thesis. Dept. Agro., Bangladesh Agric. Univ., Mymensigh.

Hukkeri, S. B., N. P. Shukla and R. K. Rajput. 1977. Effect of levels of soil moisture and nitrogen on the fodder yield of oat on two types of soils. Indian J. Agron. 47(4):204-209.

Ibrahim, M., M. Rafiq, A. Sultan, M. Akram and M. A. Goheer. 2006. Green fodder yield and quality evaluation of maize and cowpea sown alone and in combination. J. Agric. Res. 44(1):15-22.

Khan, M. J., M. Shajalal and A. R. Sarker. 1996. Yield, Chemical composition and nutritive value of oat (Avena sativa) fodder at different levels of nitrogen fertilizer. Bang. J. Anim. Sci. 25(1-2):109-115.

Khandaker, Z. H. and M. M. Uddin. 2002. Nutritional evaluation of locally available feedstuffs in Bangladesh. Indian J. Anim. Nutri. 19(2):110-115.

Khandaker, Z. H. and M. M. Islam. 1988. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer and stage of maturity on yield, and quality of fodder maize (Zea mays). Bang. J. Anim. Sci. 17(1-2):47-53.

Mamun, A. A., A. Reza and M. A. R. Sarker. 1994. Fodder production technology within existing cropping system. Bangladesh Agril. Univ. Res. Prog. 8:52-61.

Marchiol, L., F. Miceli, M. Pinosa and G. Zerbi. 1992. Intercropping of soybean and maize for silage in Northern Italy. Effect of nitrogen level and plant density on growth, yield and protein content. Eur. J. Agron. 1(3):207-211, (Field Crops Absts. 7(9):5538; 1994).

Motalib, M. A. 2003. Use of maize as fodder. Production and uses of maize in Bangladesh. Published by BARI, CIMMYT and Integrated Maize Development Project, Bangladesh. pp. 142-145.

Paik, I. K. 1999. Strategies to reduce environmental pollution from animal manure: Nutritional management option. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 12:657-666.

Rahman, M. M., M. R. Islam and M. Islam. 1993. Effects of sowing methods and seed rates on production parameters and average chemical composition of fodder maize cv. Savar-1. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 6:123-126.

Ranjan, S. K. 1980. Animal nutrition in the tropics. Vikash publishing. House Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, India.

Reddy, T. M. M., A. V. Raghuln, N. V. Ramaiah and G. V. Reddy. 1987. Effect of methods of planting and nitrogen levels on growth, yield attributes and yield of rice under late condition. J. Res. Andhrapradesh Agric. Univ., 15(1):56-58.

Reiad, M. S., M. A. Al-Abdulsalam and A. A. El-Naim. 1997. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer rates and clipping stage on growth and yield of maize grain, sorghum and popcorn. J. Agric. Sci. 5:243-252.

Rezende, G. M. de., G. L. da. Silva, L. E. Paiva, P. E. Das, J. G. de. Carvalho, G. M. De- rezende, G. L. Da- Silva and J. G. De- Carvalho. 1994. Response of maize to nitrogen and potassium fertilizer application on some agronomic characteristics. Ciencia-e-pratrica 18(1):403-407.

Sarker, B. 2000. Effect of different doses of nitrogen fertilizer on growth, yield, chemical composition and degradability of Zamboo grass (Hybrid jowar). M.S. Thesis. Dept. Anim. Nutr. Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh.

Shahjalal, M., S. M. Selim and A. Rahman. 1996. Effect of nitrogen fertilization on yield, chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of maize (Zea mays) and oat (Avena sayiva) fodder. Bangladesh J. Anim. 41(1-2):65-72.

Singh, G. S., B. D. Behera, G. Prasad and B. Dash. 1996. Effect of nitrogen and bio-fertilizer on yield, economics and forage quality of oat (Avena sativa L.). Environment and Ecology 14(1):238-239.

Singh, K., B. Das and S. K. Arora. 1974. Chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of bajra as affected by nitrogen fertilizer and stage of maturity. Cited from Nutr. Abstr. Rev. 1976. 46:269.

Tareque, A. M. M. 1992. Feeds and fodder resources in Bangladesh and their pattern of utilization. ADB Second Livestock Project, TA-No. 668, BAN.

Tollenaar, M., T. B. Deynard and R. B. Hunter. 1979. Effect of temperature on rate of leaf appearance and flowering date in maize. Crop Sci. 19:363-366. crossref(new window)

Verma, S. S. 1989. Effect of Nitrogen and seed rate and method of sowing on forage oat. Forage Res. 15(1):29.