Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Dietary Fiber Level on the Performance and Carcass Traits of Mong Cai, F1 Crossbred (Mong Cai×Yorkshire) and Landrace×Yorkshire Pigs
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Dietary Fiber Level on the Performance and Carcass Traits of Mong Cai, F1 Crossbred (Mong Cai×Yorkshire) and Landrace×Yorkshire Pigs
Len, Ninh Thi; Lindberg, Jan Erik; Ogle, Brian;
  PDF(new window)
The effects of feeding diets containing 20% (L) or 30% (H) neutral detergent fiber (NDF) (DM basis) on performance and carcass traits were studied in three breeds of pig, including pure Mong Cai (MC), crossbred LandraceYorkshire (LY) and crossbred MCYorkshire (F1). The experiment had a factorial design with two factors, breed and diet. Eighteen piglets of each breed () were randomly allocated to three treatments: L-L, low fiber diet in both growing and finishing periods; L-H, low and high fiber diet in the growing and finishing period, respectively; and H-H, high fiber diet in both periods. The diets were iso-energetic and iso-nitrogenous within feeding period. The main fibrous ingredients of the diets were rice bran and cassava residue. There were no effects of fiber level on daily dry matter feed intake (DMI), expressed as g/kg metabolic body weight (BW0.75), in both feeding periods (p>0.05). DMI was highest for MC, followed by F1 and LY (p<0.001). Average daily gain (ADG) in L-L and L-H was higher than in H-H in the growing period (p<0.001) and overall (p<0.05), while feed conversion ratio (FCR) was higher in H-H than in L-L and L-H in the growing period (p<0.05) and overall, but no significant differences between treatments were found in the finishing period. In both periods, LandraceYorkshire had the highest ADG and the lowest FCR, followed by F1 and Mong Cai (p<0.001). There were no interactions between breed and diet for performance and carcass traits. Carcass and dressing percentage was lower for L-H and H-H than for L-L (p<0.05). There were no significant differences among treatments in back fat thickness and lean meat percentage, or in crude protein and ether extract contents of lean meat. Carcass, dressing and lean meat percentage was highest for LY, lowest for MC and intermediate for F1 (p<0.001). It can be concluded that feeding a high fiber diet in the growing period reduced pig performance, but there was no effect in the finishing period. Pure Mong Cai pigs are not particularly suitable for meat purposes, although the F1 cross with Large White had reasonably good growth performance and carcass quality.
Carcass Traits;Fiber;Growth Performance;Mong Cai Pigs;
 Cited by
Effect of replacing soybean protein by taro leaf (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott) protein on growth performance of exotic (Landrace × Yorkshire) and native (Moo Lath) Lao pigs, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 2012, 45, 1, 45  crossref(new windwow)
Characterization of smallholder pig breeding practices within a rural commune of North Central Vietnam, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 2015, 47, 6, 1005  crossref(new windwow)
Comparison of total tract digestibility, development of visceral organs and digestive tract of Mong cai and Yorkshire × Landrace piglets fed diets with different fibre sources, Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 2009, 93, 2, 181  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of enzyme products in the diet on growth, dressing-out percent and organ weights of light pigs fed copra-meal-based diets, Animal Production Science, 2017, 57, 4, 683  crossref(new windwow)
Prediction of voluntary feed intake from physicochemical properties of bulky feeds in finishing pigs, Livestock Science, 2013, 155, 2-3, 277  crossref(new windwow)
Ileal and total tract digestibility in local (Mong Cai) and exotic (Landrace×Yorkshire) piglets fed low and high-fibre diets, with or without enzyme supplementation, Livestock Science, 2009, 126, 1-3, 73  crossref(new windwow)
Effect of replacing soybean protein with protein from ensiled stylo (Stylosanthes guianensis (Aubl.) Sw. var. guianensis) on growth performance, carcass traits and organ weights of exotic (Landrace × Yorkshire) and native (Moo Lath) Lao pigs, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 2013, 45, 3, 865  crossref(new windwow)
Affentranger, P., C. Gerwig, G. J. F. Seewer, D. Schworer and N. Kunzi. 1996. Growth and carcass characteristics as well as meat and fat quality of three types of pigs under different feeding regimens. Livest. Prod. Sci. 45:187-196. crossref(new window)

AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Virginia.

Bach Knudsen, K. E. and H. Jorgensen. 2001. Intestinal degradation of dietary carbohydrates - from birth to maturity. In Digestive Physiology of Pigs (Ed. J. E. Lindberg and B. Ogle). CABI Publishing, New York. pp. 109-120.

Batterham, E. S., L. M. Andersen, B. V. Burnham and G. A. Taylor. 1986. Effect of heat on the nutritional value of lupin (Lupinus angustifolius)-seed meal for growing pigs. Br. J. Nutr. 55:169-177. crossref(new window)

Borin, K., J. E. Lindberg and R. B. Ogle. 2005. Effect of variety and preservation method of cassava leaves on diet digestibility by indigenous and improved pigs. Anim. Sci. 80:319-324.

Chiba, L. I., A. J. Lewis and E. R. Peo. 1991. Amino acids and energy interrelationships in pigs weighing 20 to 50 kilograms: 1. Rate and efficiency of weight gain. J. Anim. Sci. 69:694-707.

Chinh, B. V., B. T. Oanh, N. N. Ha, T. Q. Viet, D. T. Khang and N. T. Tinh. 2001. Chemical Composition and Nutritive Value of Animal Feeds in Vietnam. Agricultural Publishing House, Hanoi.

Coffey, M. T., R. W. Seerley, D. W. Funderburke and H. C. Campbell. 1982. Effects of heat increment and level of dietary energy and environmental temperature on the performance of growing-finishing swine. J. Anim. Sci. 54:95-102.

FAO. 2004. Statistics.

Fernandez, J. A., H. Jorgensen and A. Just. 1986. Comparative digestibility experiments with growing pigs and adult sows. Anim. Prod. 43:127-132. crossref(new window)

Fevrier, C., D. Bourdon and A. Aumaitre. 1992. Effects of level of dietary fibre from wheat bran on digestibility of nutrients, digestive enzymes and performance in the European Large White and Chinese Meishan pigs. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 68:60-72. crossref(new window)

Freire, J. P. B., A. J. G. Guerreiro, L. F. Cunha and A. Aumaitre. 2000. Effect of dietary fibre source on total tract digestibility, caecum volatile fatty acids and digestive transit time in the weaned piglet. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 87:71-83. crossref(new window)

Freire, J. P. B., J. Peiniau, L. F. Cunha, J. A. A. Almeida and A. Aumaitre. 1998. Comparative effects of dietary fat and fibre in Alentejano and Large White piglets: Digestibility, digestive enzymes and metabolic data. Livest. Prod. Sci. 53:37-47. crossref(new window)

Goering, H. K. and P. J. Van Soest. 1991. Forage fibre analysis (apparatus, reagents and some applications). USDA Agric. Handbook. National Academic Press, Washington, DC. 379:1-19.

Jorgensen, H., X. Zhao, B. O. Eggum and X. Q. Zhao. 1996. The influence of dietary fibre and environmental temperature on the development of the gastrointestinal tract, digestibility, degree of fermentation in the hind-gut and energy metabolism in pigs. Br. J. Nutr. 75:365-378. crossref(new window)

Kanengoni, A. T., K. Dzama, M. Chimonyo, J. Kusina and S. M. Maswaure. 2002. Influence of level of maize cob meal on nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance in Large White, Mukota and $LW{\times}M$ F1 crossbred pigs. Anim. Sci. 74:127-134.

Lapar, M. L., V. T. Binh and S. Ehui. 2003. Identifying barriers to entry to livestock input and output markets in Southeast Asia.

Le Goff, G., J. Noblet and C. Cherbut. 2003. Intrinsic ability of the faecal microbial flora to ferment dietary fibre at different growth stages of pigs. Livest. Prod. Sci. 81:75-87. crossref(new window)

Len, N. T., J. E. Lindberg and B. Ogle. 2007. Digestibility and nitrogen retention of diets containing different levels of fiber in local (Mong Cai), F1 (Mong Cai$\times$Yorkshire) and exotic (Landrace$\times$Yorkshire) growing pigs in Vietnam. J. Anim Physiol. Anim. Nutr. (In press).

Low, A. G. 1993. Role of dietary fiber in pig feeds. In Recent Developments in Pig Nutrition 2. Cole, D.J.A., Haresign, W. and Garnsworthy, P.C. Nottingham. UK. 137-162.

Ly, J., F. J. Dieguez, R. M. Martinez and A. Garcia. 1998. Digestion of a diet very high in fibre in Cuban Creole pigs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 72:397-402. crossref(new window)

Morales, J., J. F. Perez, S. M. Martin-Orue, M. Fondevila and J. Gasa. 2002. Large bowel fermentation of maize or sorghumacorn diets fed as a different source of carbohydrates to Landrace and Iberian pigs. Br. J. Nutr. 88:489-498. crossref(new window)

Ndindana, W., K. Dzama, P. N. B. Ndiweni, S. M. Maswaure and M. Chimonyo. 2002. Digestibility of high fibre diets and performance of growing Zimbabwean indigenous Mukota pigs and exotic Large White pigs fed maize based diets with graded levels of maize cobs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 97:199-208. crossref(new window)

Noblet, J. and G. Le Goff. 2001. Effect of dietary fibre on the energy value of feeds for pigs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 90:35-52. crossref(new window)

Nongyao, A., In K. Han and Yun J. Choi. 1991. Amino acids digestibility in pigs of various fiber sources: 1. Apparent digestibility of amino acids in ileal digesta and feces. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 4(2):169-175.

Partanen, K., T. Jalava, J. Valaja, S. Perttila, H. Siljander-Rasi and H. Lindeberg. 2001. Effect of dietary carbadox or formic acid and fibre level on ileal and faecal nutrient digestibility and microbial metabolite concentrations in ileal digesta of the pig. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 93:137-155. crossref(new window)

Qin, G. X., L. M. Xu, H. L. Jiang, A. F. B. van der Poel, M. W. Bosch and M. W. A. Verstegen. 2002. The effects of Chinese and Argentine soyabeans on nutrient digestibility and organ morphology in Landrace and Chinese Min pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15:555-564.

Renaudeau, D., F. Siloux, M. Giorgi and J. L. Weisbecker. 2005a. A comparison of growth performance and feeding behaviour in Creole and Large White pigs: Preliminary results. Arch. Zootec., 54:471-476. crossref(new window)

Renaudeau, D., M. Hilaire and J. Mourot. 2005b. A comparison of carcass and meat quality characteristics of Creole and Large White pigs slaughtered at 150 days of age. Anim. Res. 54:43-54. crossref(new window)

Reverter, M., T. Lundh and J. E. Lindberg. 1999. Ileal amino acid digestibility in pigs of barley-based diets with inclusion of lucerne (Medicago sativa), white clover (Trifolium repens), red clover (Trifolium pratense) or perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). Br. J. Nutr. 82:139-147.

Rodriguez, L. and T. R. Preston. 1997. Local feed resources and indigenous breeds: fundamental issues in integrated farming systems. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 9,

Rodriguez, L. and T. R. Preston. 1996. Comparative parameters of digestion and N metabolism in Mongcai and Mongcai$\times$Large white cross piglets having free access to sugar cane juice and duck weed. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 8 (1),

Schulze, H., P. van Leeuwen, M. W. Verstegen, J. Huisman, W. B. Souffrant and F. Ahrens. 1994. Effect of level of dietary neutral detergent fiber on ileal apparent digestibility and ileal nitrogen losses in pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 72:2362-2368.

Shi, X. S. and J. Noblet. 1993. Contribution of the hindgut to digestion of diets in growing pigs and adult sows: Effect of diet composition. Livest. Prod. Sci. 34:237-252. crossref(new window)

Thien, N., P. T. Van, N. K. Quac and P. N. Le. 1995. Results of study of cross between exotic and indigenous pigs in Vietnam. Proceeding of Animal Science Workshop. National Institute of Animal Husbandry, Hanoi, Vietnam. 13-21 (in Vietnamese).

Van, P. T., H. T. H. Tra, L.T. K. Ngoc and T. H. Dung. 2000. Meat productivity of crosses between Landrace and Yorkshire and between Landrace, Yorkshire and Duroc, and effects of two feeding regimes. Proceeding of Animal Science Workshop. National Institute of Animal Husbandry, Hanoi, Vietnam. 211-215 (in Vietnamese).

Varel, V. H., W. G. Pond, J. C. Pekas and J. T. Yen. 1982. Influence of high-fiber diet on bacterial populations in gastrointestinal tracts of obese- and lean-genotype pigs. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 44:107-112.

Vuong, N. V. 2000. Productivity of hybrids between Yorkshire, Landrace and Mongcai pigs in Thainguyen province. Doctoral thesis. 110-115 (in Vietnamese).

Wang, J. F., Y. H. Zhu, D. F. Li, H. J. Jorgensen and B. B. Jensen. 2004. The influence of different fiber and starch types on nutrient balance and energy metabolism in growing pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17(2):263-270.

Wang, J. F., M. Wang, D. G. Lin, B. B. Jensen and Y. H. Zhu. 2006. The effect of source of dietary fiber and starch on ileal and fecal amino acid digestibility in growing pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19(7):1040-1046.

Webb, A. J. 1989. Genetics of food intake in the pig. In: The Voluntary Food Intake of Pigs (Ed. P. B. Lynch, J. M. Forbes, M. A. Varley and T. L. J. Lawrence). 13:41-50.

Whittemore, C. T. 2003. The Science and Practice of Pig Production. Blackwell Science, Ltd., Oxford, UK. 54-55.

Zhao, X., H. Jorgensen, V. M. Gabert, B. O. Eggum and X. Q. Zhao. 1996. Effect of environmental temperature on digestive tract, visceral organ size, digestibility and energy metabolism in rats fed different levels of pea fibre. Acta Agric.Scand. 46:183-192.