JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Characterization of Embryonic Feather Follicle Development in the Chinese Indigenous Jilin White Goose
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Characterization of Embryonic Feather Follicle Development in the Chinese Indigenous Jilin White Goose
Wu, W.; Xu, R.F.; Li, C.H.; Wu, C.X.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
To investigate goose feather follicle development and difference among the dorsal, ventral, and thoracal tracts during embryonic stage, the present study was conducted on 180 embryos at different ages obtained from the Jilin White goose, a Chinese indigenous breed. The study indicated that the epidermis and dermis of goose embryo formed between embryonic day 10 (E10) and 12 (E12). The thickness of the epidermis remained unchanged until hatching; while the thickness of the dermis increased throughout embryonic development. The primary feather follicles formed around E13-E14 and there were no new primary feather follicles forming after E18. The secondary feather follicles formed coincidently at E18. The density of primary and secondary feather follicles on the ventral and thoracal tracts were significantly higher than those on the dorsal tract (p<0.05). For primary and secondary follicles, the diameter of the feather bulbs and the depth of the feather follicles on the dorsal tract were much greater than those on the thoracal and ventral tracts (p<0.01), respectively; while the difference between the ventral and thoracal tracts was not significant (p>0.05). It is concluded that the Jilin White goose is of a single-follicle group structure, differing from mammals which are of multiple-follicle group structure.
 Keywords
Goose;Feather Follicle;Embryonic Stage;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
An Overview of Feathers Formation, Moults and Down Production in Geese,;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2011. vol.24. 6, pp.881-887 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
Alibardi, L. 2005. Cell structure of developing barbs and barbules in down feathers of the chick: Central role of barb ridge morphogenesis for the evolution of feathers. J. Sub. Cytol. Path. 37(1):19-41.

2.
Alibardi, L. 2006. Cell structure of barb ridges in down feathers and juvenile wing feathers of the developing chick embryo: barb ridge modification in relation to feather evolution. Ann. Ana. 188(4):303-318. crossref(new window)

3.
Bonser, R. H. C. 1995. Melanin and the abrasion resistance of feathers. Condor. 97:590-591. crossref(new window)

4.
Dawson, A., S. A. Hinsley, P. N. Ferns, R. H. C. Bonser, and L. Eccleston. 2000. Rate of moult affects feather quality: a mechanism linking current reproductive effort to future survival. Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. B267:2093-2098. crossref(new window)

5.
Dhouailly, D. 1970. The determination of specific differentiation of neoptile and teleoptile feathers in the chick and the duck. J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 24:73-94.

6.
Haake, A. R., G. Konig, and R. H. Sawyer. 1984. Avian feather development: relationships between morphogenesis and keratinization. Dev. Bio. 6:406-413.

7.
Harris, M. P., J. F. Fallon, and R. O. Prum. 2002. Shh-Bmp2 signaling module and the evolutionary origin and diversification of feathers. J. Exp. Zool. 294:160-176. crossref(new window)

8.
Harris, M. P., S. Williamsonmson, J. F. Fallon, H. Meinhardt, and R. O. Prum. 2005. Molecular evidence for an activatorinhibitor mechanism in development of embryonic feather branching. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 102(33):11734-11739. crossref(new window)

9.
Jiang, T. X., R. B. Widelitz, W. M. Shen, P. Will, D.Y. Wu, C. M. Lin, H. S. Jung, and C. M. Chuong. 2004. Integument pattern formation involves genetic and epigenetic controls: feather arrays simulated by digital hormones. Int. J. Dev. Biol. 48:117- 135. crossref(new window)

10.
Koul, G. L., J. C. Biswas, and R. Somvanshi. 1987. Follicle and fibre characteristics of Indian pashmina goats. Res. Vet. Sci. 43(3):398-400.

11.
Lilja, C. 1981. Postnatal growth and organ development in goose (Anser anser). Growth 45:329-341.

12.
Lucas, A. M., and P. R. Stettenheim. 1972. Avian Anatomy- Integument. Agricultural Handbook. 362: Agricultural Research Services. US Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.

13.
Mou, C., B. Jackson, P. Schneider, P. A. Overbeek, and D. J. Headon. 2006. Generation of the primary hair follicle pattern. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 103(24):9075-9080. crossref(new window)

14.
Nohno, T., Y. Kawakami, H. Ohuchi, A. Fujiwara, H. Yoshioka, and S. Noji. 1995. Involvement of the sonic hedgehog gene in chick feather formation. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 206(1):33-39. crossref(new window)

15.
Parry, A. L., B. W. Norton, and B. J. Restall. 1992. Skin follicle development in the Australian Cashmere goat. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 43:857-870. crossref(new window)

16.
Paus, R., S. Muller-Rover, C. Vander-Veen, M. Maurer, S. Eichmuller, G. Ling, U. Hofmann, K. Foitzik, L. Mecklenburg, and B. Handjiski. 1999. A comprehensive guide for the recognition and classification of distinct stages of hair follicle morphogenesis. J. Invest. Dermatol. 113:523-532. crossref(new window)

17.
Prum, R. O. 1999. Development and evolutionary origin of feathers. J. Exp. Zool. 285:291-306. crossref(new window)

18.
Sawyer, R. H., and L. W. Knapp. 2003. Avian skin development and the evolutionary origin of feathers. J. Exp. Zool. 298B:57-72. crossref(new window)

19.
Snedecor, G. W., and W. G. Cochran. 1967. Statistical Methods. The Iowa State University Press, Iowa.

20.
Stenn, K. S., and R. Paus. 2001. Controls of Hair Follicle Cycling. Physiol. Reviews 81(1):449-494.

21.
Taylor, A. M., R. H. C. Bonser, and J. W. Farrent. 2004. The influence of hydration on the tensile and compressive properties of avian keratinous tissues. J. Mater. Sci. 39:939- 942. crossref(new window)

22.
Tu, Y. J., K. W. Chen, S. J. Zhang, Q. P. Tang, Y. S. Gao, and N. Yang. 2006. Genetic Diversity of 14 Indigenous Grey Goose Breeds in China Based on Microsatellite Markers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19(1):1-6.

23.
Wilde, T. P., D. L. Mcdowell, K. I. Jacob, and A. P. Aneja. 2006. A modified mullins model for compressive behavior of goose down fiber assemblies. Mech. Adv. Mater. Struct. 13(1):83-93. crossref(new window)

24.
Widelitz, R. B., T. X. Jiang, M. K. Yu, T. Shen, J. Y. Shen, P. Wu, Z. C. Yu, and C. M. Chuong. 2003. Molecular biology of feather morphogenesis: a testable model for evo-devo research. J. Exp. Zool. 298:109-122.

25.
Wolpert, L. 1998. Pattern formation in epithelial development: the vertebrate limb and feather bud spacing. Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. B353 (1370):871-875.

26.
Yu, M., P. Wu, R. B. Widelitz, and C. M. Chuong. 2002. The morphogenesis of feathers. Nature 420:308-312. crossref(new window)

27.
Yu, M., Z. Yue, P. Wu, D. Y. Wu, J. A. Mayer, M. Medina, R. B. Widelitz, T. X. Jiang, and C. M. Chuong. 2004. The Developmental Biology of Feather Follicles. Int. J. Dev. Biol. 48:181-191. crossref(new window)

28.
Yue, Z., T. X. Jiang, R. B. Widelitz, and C. M. Chuong. 2006. Wnt3a gradient converts radial to bilateral feather symmetry via topological arrangement of epithelia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 103(4):951-9555. crossref(new window)