Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Improved Apparent Digestibility Coefficient of Protein and Phosphorus by Supplementation of Microbial Phytase in Diets Containing Cottonseed and Soybean Meal for Juvenile Olive Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Improved Apparent Digestibility Coefficient of Protein and Phosphorus by Supplementation of Microbial Phytase in Diets Containing Cottonseed and Soybean Meal for Juvenile Olive Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)
Pham, Minh Anh; Lee, Kyeong-Jun; Dang, Tuyet Mai; Lim, Se-Jin; Ko, Gyung-Yong; Eo, Jinee; Oh, Dae-Han;
  PDF(new window)
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of phytase in diets containing cottonseed and soybean meal (CS) on growth performance, feed utilization and digestibility of protein and phosphorus in juvenile olive flounder (initial body weight 2.5 g), Paralichthys olivaceus. Four experimental diets replacing 0%, 30%, 30% and 40% fish meal protein with CS in equal proportion were formulated to be isonitrogenous and isocaloric (designated as CS0, CS30, CS30+P, CS40+P, respectively). Phytase of 1,000 FTU/kg was supplemented in diets CS30+P and CS40+P. Three groups of fish (25 fish per group) were fed one of the experimental diets for 10 weeks. No significant differences were observed in growth performance of fish groups except for the CS40+P diet. Apparent digestibility coefficients of protein and phosphorus in fish fed phytase-containing diets were significantly higher than those of fish fed the CS0 diet. Serum cholesterol was significantly reduced in fish fed the CS-containing diets. Antioxidant activities in the diets and liver of fish were significantly increased with the increment of dietary CS. Gossypol was only detected and found in liver of the fish fed the CS-containing diets. The findings suggest that supplementation of microbial phytase could improve the apparent digestibility of protein and phosphorus in juvenile olive flounder fed the CS-containing diets.
Microbial Phytase;Olive Flounder;Cottonseed Meal;Soybean Meal;
 Cited by
Effects of Dietary Supplementation of a Meju, Fermented Soybean Meal, and Aspergillus oryzae for Juvenile Parrot Fish (Oplegnathus fasciatus),;;;;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2009. vol.22. 6, pp.849-856 crossref(new window)
Effects of $1{\alpha}$-Hydroxycholecalciferol and Phytase on Growth Performance, Tibia Parameter and Meat Quality of 1- to 21-d-old Broilers,;;;;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2009. vol.22. 6, pp.857-864 crossref(new window)
Effects of Fermented Cottonseed and Soybean Meal with Phytase Supplementation on Gossypol Degradation, Phosphorus Availability, and Growth Performance of Olive Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus),;;;;;;;;

Fisheries and aquatic sciences, 2010. vol.13. 4, pp.284-293 crossref(new window)
Partial Replacement of Fish Meal by Fermented Skipjack Tuna Viscera in Juvenile Olive Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) Diets, Fisheries and aquatic sciences, 2009, 12, 4, 305  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of Fermented Cottonseed and Soybean Meal with Phytase Supplementation on Gossypol Degradation, Phosphorus Availability, and Growth Performance of Olive Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), Fisheries and aquatic sciences, 2010, 13, 4, 284  crossref(new windwow)
L.) fry, Aquaculture Research, 2013, 46, 7, 1590  crossref(new windwow)
Sauvage, 1878), Aquaculture Nutrition, 2014, 21, 1, 10  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of dietary cholesterol supplementation on growth and cholesterol metabolism of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed diets with cottonseed meal or rapeseed meal, Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 2014, 40, 6, 1827  crossref(new windwow)
Ali, A. A., M. T. Velasquez, C. T. Hansen, A. I. Mohamed and S. J. Bhathena. 2004. Effects of soybean isoflavones, probiotics, and their interactions on lipid metabolism and endocrine system in an animal model of obesity and diabetes. J. Nutr. Biochem. 15:583-590. crossref(new window)

Anderson, R. L. and W. J. Wolf. 1995. Compositional changes in trypsin inhibitors, phytic acid, saponins and isoflavones related to soybean processing. J. Nutr. 125:581S-588S.

AOAC. 1995. Official methods of analysis, 16th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington Virginia

Barbara, F., PH. D. Harland and M. S. Gurleen Narula. 1999. Food phytate and its hydrolysis products. Nutr. Res. 19:947-961. crossref(new window)

Baruah, K., N. P. Sahu, A. K. Pal and D. Debnath. 2004. Dietary phytase: An ideal approach for a cost effective and lowpolluting aquafeed. NAGA, World Fish Center Quarterly 27:15-19.

Brand-William, W., M. E. Cuvelier and C. Berset. 1995. Use of a free radical method to evaluate antioxidant activity. Food Sci. Technol. 28:25-30.

Broz, J., P. Oldale, A. H. Perrin-voltz, G. Tychen, J. Schulze and C. Simoes Nunes. 1994. Effects of supplemental phytase on performance and phosphorus utilization in broiler chickens fed a low phosphorus diet without addition of inorganic phosphates. Bra. Poul. Sci. 35:273-280. crossref(new window)

Chen, Q. C. and B. W. Li. 2003. Separation of phytic acid and other related inositol phosphates by high-performance ion chromatography and its applications. J. Chromatogr. A 1018: 41-52. crossref(new window)

Cheng, Z. J. and R. W. Hardy. 2002. Effect of microbial phytase on apparent digestibility of barley, canola meal and wheat middlings, measured in vivo using rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquacult. Nutr. 8:271-277. crossref(new window)

Cheng, Z. J. and R. W. Hardy. 2003. Effects of extrusion and expelling processing, and microbial phytase supplementation on apparent digestibility coefficients of nutrients in full fat soybeans for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture 218:501-514. crossref(new window)

Chisholm, A., K. Me. Auley, J. Mann, S. Williams and M. Skeaff. 2005. Cholesterol lowering effects of nuts compared with a canola oil enriched cereal of similar fat composition. Nutr. Metabol. Cardiovas. Dis. 15:284-292. crossref(new window)

Cho, C. Y. and S. J. Kaushik. 1990. Nutritional energetics in fish: energy and protein utilization in rainbow trout. World Rev. Nutr. Diet. 61:132-172.

Dabrowski, K., J. Rinchard, K.-J. Lee, J. H. Blom, A. Cierezko and J. Ottobre. 2000. Effects of diets containing gossypol on reproductive capacity of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Biol. Reprod. 62:227-234. crossref(new window)

Debnath, D., N. P. Sahu, A. K. Pal, K. Brauak, S. Yengkokpam and S. C. Mukkerjee. 2005a. Present scenario and future prospects of phytase in aquafeed-Review. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18 (12):1800-1812. crossref(new window)

Debnath, D., N. P. Pal, N. P. Sahu, K. K. Jain and S. Yengkokpam. 2005b. Effect of dietary microbial phytase supplementation on growth and nutrient digestibility of Pangasius pangasius (Hamilton) fingerlings. Aquacult. Res. 36: 180-187. crossref(new window)

Dias, J., A. J. Alvarel, G. Corraze, A. Diez, J. M. Bautista and S. J. Kaushik. 2005. Dietary protein source affects lipid metabolism in the European sea bass (Dicentra labrax). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A 142:19-31. crossref(new window)

Dorsa, W. J., R. H. Robinette, H. E. Robinson and E. W. Poe. 1982. Effects of dietary cottonseed meal and gossypol on growth of young channel catfish. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 111:651-655. crossref(new window)

Edwards, M. S. and J. D. Radcliffe. 1995. A comparison of the effect of cottonseed oil and corn oil on lipid status in the rat. Biochem. Arch. 11:103-109.

Este'vez, A., A. Delgado, P. Hortelano and M. Alejandre. 1996. Characterization of mevelonate metabolism in the sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax L. liver. Fish Physiol. Biochem. 15:205-211. crossref(new window)

Folch, J., M. Lee and G. H. Sloane-Stanley. 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J. Biol. Chem. 226:497-509.

Fontainhas-Femandes, A., E. Gomes, M. A. Reis-Henriques and J. Coimbra. 1999. Replacement of fish meal by plant protein in the diet of Nile tilapia: digestibility and growth performance. Aquacult. Int. 7:57-67. crossref(new window)

Forster, I., D. A. Higgs, B. S. Dosanjh, M. Rowshandeli and J. Parr. 1999. Potential for dietary phytase to improve the nutritive value of canola protein concentrate and decrease phosphorus output in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) held in $11^{\circ}C$ fresh water. Aquaculture 179: 109-125. crossref(new window)

Furukawa, H. and H. Tsukahara. 1966. On the acid digestion method for the determination of chromic oxide as an index substance in the study of digestibility of fish feed. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 32:502-508. crossref(new window)

Garcia-Abiado, M. A., G. Mbahinzireki, J. Rinchard, K.-J. Lee and K. Dabrowski. 2004. Effects of diets containing gossypol on blood parameters and spleen structure in tilapia, Oreochromis sp., reared in re-circulating system. J. Fish Dis. 27:359-368. crossref(new window)

Goldberg, A. P., A. Lim, J. B. Kolar, J. J. Grundhauser, F. H. Steiuke and G. Schonfeld. 1982. Soybean protein independently lowers plasma cholesterol levels in primary hypercholesterolemia. Atherosclerosis 43:355-368. crossref(new window)

Han, Y, D. B. Wilson and X. G. Lei. 1999. Expression of an Aspergillus niger phytase gene (phyA) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Appi. Environ. Microb. 65:1915-1918.

Hotz, C. and R. S. Gibson. 2001. Assessment of home-based processing methods to reduce the phytate content and phytate/ zinc molar ratio of white maize (Zea mays). J. Agric. Food Chem. 49:692-698. crossref(new window)

Hughes, K. P. and J. H. Jr. Soares. 1998. Efficacy of phytase on phosphorus utilization in practical diets fed to striped bass, Morone saxatilis. Aquacult. Nutr. 4: 133-140. crossref(new window)

Kaushik, S. J., J. P. Cravedi, J. P. Lalles, J. Sumpter, B. Faucouneau and M. Laroche. 1995. Partial or total replacement of fish meal by soybean protein on growth, protein utilization, potential estrogenic or antigenic effects, cholesterolemia and flesh quality in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquaculture 133:257-274. crossref(new window)

Kikuchi, K. 1999. Use of defatted soybean meal as a substitute for fish meal in diets of Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). Aquaculture 179: 3-11. crossref(new window)

Kikuchi, K., T. Furuta and H. Honda. 1994. Utilization of soybean meal as a protein source in the diet of juvenile Japanese flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus. Suisanzoshoku 42:601-604.

Kim, H. L. and M. C. Calhoun. 1995. Determination of gossypol in plasma and tissues of animals. Symposium on Available Gossypol in Cottonseed Products. Information 6, 486 (Abstr.)

Kim, K. W., X. J. Wang and S. C. Bai. 2002. Optimum dietary protein level for maximum growth of juvenile olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus (Temminck et Schlegel). Aquacult. Res. 33:673-679. crossref(new window)

Kim, T. W. and X. G. Lei. 2005. An improved method for rapid determination of phytase activity in animal feed. J. Anim. Sci. 83:1062-1067. crossref(new window)

Kim, Y. C., G. Y. Yoo, X. Wang, S. H. Lee, I. S. Shin and S. C. Bai. 2008. Long term feeding effects of dietary dehulled soybean meal as a fish meal replacer in growing olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 21:868-872. crossref(new window)

Lanari, D., D. D'Agaro and C. Turri. 1998. Use of nonlinear regression to evaluate the effects of phytase enzyme treatment of plant protein diets for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture 161 :345-356. crossref(new window)

Lee, D. J. and G. B. Putman. 1973. The response of rainbow trout to varying protein/energy ratios in a test diet. J. Nutr. 103:916-922. crossref(new window)

Lee, K.-J. and K. Dabrowski. 2002. High performance liquid chromatographic determination of gossypol and gossypolone enantiomers in fish tissues using simultaneous electrochemical and ultraviolet detectors. J. Chromatogr. B 779:313-319. crossref(new window)

Lee, K.-J., K. Dabrowski, J. H. Blom, S. C. Bai and P. C. Stromberg. 2002. A mixture of cottonseed meal and soybean meal and animal byproduct mixture as a fish meal substitute: growth and gossypol enantiomer in juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 86: 201-213. crossref(new window)

Leske, K. L. and C. C. Coon. 1999. A bioassay to determine the effect of phytase on phytate phosphorus hydrolysis and total phosphorus retention of feed ingredients as determined with broilers and laying hens. Poul. Sci. 78: 1151-1157. crossref(new window)

Li, M. H., B. B. Mauning and E. H. Robinson. 2004. Summary of phytase studies for chaunel catfish. Res. Report 23: 1-5.

Masumoto, T., B. Tamura and S. Shimeno. 2001. Effects of phytase on bioavailability of phosphorus in soybean mealbased diets for Japanese flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus. Fisheries Sci. 67:1075-1080 crossref(new window)

Mbahinzireki, G. B., K. Dabrowski, K. -J. Lee, D. El-Saidy and E. R. Wisner. 2001. Growth, feed utilization and body composition of tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) fed with cottonseed meal-based diets in a re-circulating system. Aquacult. Nutr. 7: 189-200 crossref(new window)

Naylor, R. L., R. J. Goldburg, J. H. Primavera, N. Hautsky, M. C. M. Beveridge, J. Clay, C. Folke, J. Lubchenco, H. Mooney and M. Troell. 2000. Effect of aquaculture on world fish supplies (review article). Nature 405:1017-1024 crossref(new window)

NRC. 1993. Nutritional Requirements of Fish. National Academic Press, Washington, DC.

Nwanna, L. C., A. O. Fagbenro and A. O. Adeyo. 2005. Effects of different treatments of dietary soybean meal and phytase on the growth and mineral deposition in African catfish Clarias gariepinus. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 4:980-987.

Nwoha, P. U. and T. A. Aire. 1995. The effects of gossypol and chloroquine interaction on serum electrolytes of proteinmalnourished rats. Contraception 52:255-259. crossref(new window)

Paratryphon, E. and Jr. J. H. Soares. 2001. The effect of phytase on apparent digestibility of four practical plant feed stuffs fed to striped bass, Morone saxatilis. Aquacult. Nutr. 7: 161-167. crossref(new window)

Pham, M. A., K.-J. Lee, S.-J. Lim, B.-J. Lee, S.-S. Kim, Y-J. Park and S. M. Lee. 2005. Fish meal replacement by cottonseed and soybean meal in diets for juvenile olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus. J. Kor. Aquacult. Soc. 18:215-221.

Pham, M. A., K.-J. Lee, S.-J. Lim and K. H. Park. 2007. Evaluation of cottonseed and soybean meal as partial replacement for fish meal in diets for juvenile Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Fisheries Sci. 73:760-769. crossref(new window)

Portz, L. and F. Liebert. 2004. Growth, nutrient utilization and parameters of mineral metabolism in Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) fed plant-based diets with graded levels of microbial phytase. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 88: 311-320. crossref(new window)

Radcliffe, J. D., C. C. King, D. M. Czajka-Narins and V. Imrhan. 2001. Serum and liver lipids in rats fed diets containing corn oil, cottonseed oil, or a mixture of corn and cottonseed oils. Plant Foods Human Nutr. 56:51-60. crossref(new window)

Saitoh, S., S. Koshio, H. Harada, K. Wantanabe, T. Yoshida, S.-I. Teshima and M. Ishikawa. 2003. Utilization of extruded soybean meal for Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus juveniles. Fisheries Sci. 69: 1075-1077. crossref(new window)

Sajjadi, M. and C. G. Carter. 2004. Effect of phytic acid and phytase on feed intake, growth, digestibility and trypsin activity in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, L.) Aquacult. Nutr. 10: 135-142. crossref(new window)

Silva, L. G., L. C. Trugo, S. C. Terzi and S. Couri. 2005. Low phytate lupin flour based biomass obtained by fermentation with mutant of Aspergillus niger. Process Biochem. 40:951-954. crossref(new window)

Skerget, M., P. Kotnik, M. Hadolin, A. R. Hras, M. Simonic and Z. Knez. 2005. Phenols, proanthocyanidins, flavones and flavonols in some plant materials and the antioxidant activities. Food Chem. 89:191-198. crossref(new window)

Sugiura, S. H., J. Gabaudan, F. M. Dong and R. W. Hardy. 2001. Dietary microbial phytase supplementation and the utilization of phosphorus, trace minerals and protein by rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed soybean meal-based diets. Aquacult. Res. 32:583-592. crossref(new window)

Sugiura, S. H., V. Raboy, K. A. Young, F. M. Dong and R. W. Hardy. 1999. Availability of phosphorus and trace elements in low-phytate varieties of barley and corn for rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquaculture 170:285-296. crossref(new window)

Urbano, G., M. Lopez-Jurado, C. Aranda, V. Vidal, E. Tenorio and J. Porres. 2000. The role ofphytic acid in legumes: antinutrient or beneficial function. J. Physiol. Biochem. 56:283-294. crossref(new window)

Um, J. S., H. S. Lim, S. H. Ahn and I. K. Paik. 2000. Effects of microbial phytase supplementation to low phosphorus diets on the performance and utilization of nutrients in broiler chickens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 13(6):824-829. crossref(new window)

Van Weerd, J. H., KH. A. Khalaf, F. J. Aartsen and P. A. T Tijssen. 1999. Balance trials with catfish Clarias gariepinus fed phytase treated soybean meal-based diets. Aquacult. Nutr. 5: 135-142. crossref(new window)

Vielma, J., K. Rouhonen and M. Peisker. 2002. Dephitinization of two soy proteins increases phosphorus and protein utilization by rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquaculture 204:145-156. crossref(new window)

Wise, A. 1983. Dietary factors determining the biological activities of phytate. Nutr. Abst. Rev. 53:791-807.

Yamamoto, T., A. Akimoto, S. Kishi, T. Unuma and T. Akiyama. 1998. Apparent and true availabilities of amino acids from several protein sources for fingerlings rainbow trout, common carp, and red sea bream. Fisheries Sci. 64:448-458. crossref(new window)

Yanke, L.. J., H. D. Bae, L.. B. Selinger and K. J. Cheng. 1998. Phytase activity of anaerobic ruminal bacteria. Microbiol. 144: 1565-1573. crossref(new window)

Yoo, G.-Y., X. Wang, S. Choi, K. Han, J.-C. Kang and S. C. Bai. 2005. Dietary microbial phytase increased the phosphorus digestibility in juvenile Korean rockfish Sebastes schlegelii fed diets containing soybean meal. Aquaculture 243:315-322. crossref(new window)