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Efficient Derivation and Long Term Maintenance of Pluripotent Porcine Embryonic Stem-like Cells
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 Title & Authors
Efficient Derivation and Long Term Maintenance of Pluripotent Porcine Embryonic Stem-like Cells
Son, Hye-Young; Kim, Jung-Eun; Lee, Sang-Goo; Kim, Hye-Sun; Lee, Eugene; Park, Jin-Kyu; Ka, Hakhyun; Kim, Hyun-Jong; Lee, Chang-Kyu;
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Porcine embryonic stem (ES) cells have a great potential as tools for transgenic animal production and studies of regulation of differentiation genes. Although several studies showed successful derivation of porcine ES-like cells, these cells were not maintained long-term in culture. Therefore, this study was conducted to establish porcine pluripotent ES-like cells using in vivo fertilized embryos and to maintain these cells in long term culture. Porcine ES-like cells from in vivo embryos obtained by immunosurgery or whole explant culture were successfully cultured for over 56 passages. Morphology of porcine ES-like cells was flat-shaped with a monolayer type colony. These cells stained for alkaline phosphatase throughout the culture. Furthermore, porcine ES-like cells reacted with antibodies against Oct-4, SSEA-1, SSEA-4, Tra-1-60, and Tra-1-81, which are typical markers of undifferentiated stem cells. To characterize the ability of porcine ES-like cells to differentiate into three germ layers, embryoid body formation was induced. After plating of these cells, porcine ES-like cells were spontaneously differentiated into various cell types of all three germ layers. In addition, porcine ES-like cells were successfully derived from IVF blastocysts in media containing human recombinant basic fibroblast growth factor.
Porcine;Embryonic Stem Cells;Pluripotent;IVF;Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor;
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