Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Self-photoperiod on Live Weight, Carcass and Growth Traits in Quails (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Self-photoperiod on Live Weight, Carcass and Growth Traits in Quails (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica)
Coban, Omer; Lacin, Ekrem; Sabuncuoglu, Nilufer; Ozudogru, Zekeriya;
  PDF(new window)
The weekly liveweight gain, growing and stress parameters of quails bred using two different types of lighting for 6 weeks following hatching were examined in this study. The first type of lighting was 23 L:1 D, continuous lighting (CL), widely used in the commercial system and the second was a self-photoperiod (SP) system consisting of a continuously lit chamber and a dark chamber the quails could move to as they wished. On the first 15 days, no difference was found in liveweight gain between the two breeding systems. On the week when the trial was completed, the liveweight of the male quails upon which CL lighting was used was 159.03 g while the weight of males in the SP group was 174.43 g; these values in female quails of the CL group were 179.15 g and in the SP group were 200.68 g. The CL group had lower testis volume (TVOM, ) and testis weight (TW, g) than the SP group, however there was no difference between the groups in testis weight/body weight rate (BWTW %). In female quails, the ovary weight (OW, g) and the ovary weight/body weight rate (BWOW, %) values were higher in the SP group. The CL light regime was concluded to cause stress in male quails (CL, Heterophil/Lymphocyte ratio (H/L): 0.27; SP, H/L: 0.17). In conclusion; the SP system allowing the quails to regulate their light periods increased liveweight gain and enabled sexual maturity to be gained at an earlier period than in quail on the CL system and improved their welfare.
Lighting;Quail;Live Weight;Growth;Stress;
 Cited by
Boon, P., G. H. Visser and S. Daan. 2000. Effect of photoperiod on body weight gain, and daily energy intake and energy expenditure in Japanese quail (Coturnix c. Japonica). Physiol. Behav. 70:249-260 crossref(new window)

Buyse, J., P. C. M. Simonsl, F. M. G. Boshouwers and E. Decuypere. 1996. Effect of intermittent lighting, light intensity and source on the performance and welfare of broilers. World's Poult. Sci. J. 52:121-130 crossref(new window)

Campo, J. L., M. G. Gil, S. G. Davila and I. Munoz. 2007. Effect of lighting stres on fluctuating asymmetry heterophil-tolymphocyte ration, and tonic immobility duration in eleven breeds of chickens. Poult. Sci. 86(1):37-45

CCAC. 1993. Guide to the care and use of experimental animals. Vol. 1. 2nd (Canadian Council on Animal Care), (Ed. E. D. Olfert, B. M. Cross and A. A. McWilliam) Ottawa, ON

Chen, L. R., S. D. Wang, C. M. Wang, Y. K. Fan and D. F. Jan. 2002. Effect of extreme light regime on production and characteristics of egg in laying geese. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15(8):1182-1185

Donkoh, A. 1989. Ambient temperature: a factor affecting performance and physiological response of broiler chickens. Int. J. Biometeorol. 33(4):259-265 crossref(new window)

Gordon, S. H. 1994. Effect of day length and increasing day length programmes on broiler welfare and performance. World Poult. Sci. J. 50:269-282

Gross, W. B. and H. S. Siegel. 1983. Evaluation of the heterophil to lymphocyte ration as a measure of stress in chickens. Avian Dis. 27:972-979 crossref(new window)

Follett, B. K. and S. L. Maung. 1978. Rate of testicular maturation, in relation to gonadotrophin and testosterone levels, in quail exposed to various artificial photoperiods and to natural day lengths. J. Endocrinol. 78(2):267-280 crossref(new window)

Koukkari, W. L. and R. B. Sothern. 2006. Photoperiodism. introducing biological rhythms. Springer, Netherlands. p. 109

Lewis, P. D., T. R. Morris and G. C. Perry. 1998. A model for the effect of constant photoperiod on the rate of sexual maturation in pullets. Br. Poult. Sci. 39:147-151 crossref(new window)

Lewis, P. D., G. C. Perry, T. R. Morris and J. English. 2001. supplementary dim light differentially influences sexual maturity, oviposition time, and melatonin rhythms in pullets. Poult. Sci. 80:1723-1728

Lucas, A. M. and C. Jamroz. 1961. Atlas of avian hematology. Agriculture Monograph 25, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC

Macdaniel, G. R. 1972. The effects of continuous light vs intermittent light on the growth rate of broilers. Poult. Sci. 51:1834

Malleau, A. E., I. J. H. Duncan, T. M. Widowski and J. L. Atkinson. 2007. The importance of rest in young domestic fowl. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 106:52-69 crossref(new window)

Mills, A. D., L. L. Crawford, M. Domjan and J. M. Faure. 1997. The behavior of the Japanese or domestic quail coturnix japonica. Neurosci. Biobehav. R. 21:261-281 crossref(new window)

Moller, A. P., G. S. Sanotra and K. S. Vestergaard. 1995. Developmental stability in relation to population density and breed of chickens Gallus gallus. Poult. Sci. 74:1761-1771 crossref(new window)

Moller, A. P., G. S. Sanotra and K. S. Vestergaard. 1999. Developmental instability and light regime in chickens (Gallus gallus). Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 62:57-71 crossref(new window)

Moore, C. B. and T. D. Siopes. 2000. Effects of lighting conditions and melatonin supplementation on the cellular and humoral immune responses in Japanese quail coturnix coturnix japonica. Gen. Comp. Endocr. 119:95-104 crossref(new window)

Morris, T. R. 1967. Light requirements of the Fowl. In: Environmental control in poultry production (Ed. T. C. Carter). Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh. pp. 15-39

Nicholson, D. 1998. Research: is it the broiler industry's partner into the new millennium?' World's Poult. Sci. J. 54:270-278

Onbasilar, E. E., H. Erol, Z. Cantekin and U. Kaya. 2007. Influence of intermittent lighting on broiler performance, incidence of tibial dyschondroplasia, tonic immobility, some blood parameters and antibody production. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20(4):550-555

Ozcan, I. and H. Akcapinar. 1993. Effect of different lighting programs on growth and carcass quality in quails. Lalahan Hay. Ars. Ens. 33(1-2):65-84

Perera, A. D. and B. K. Follett. 1992. photoperiodic induction in vitro: the dynamics of gonadotropin-releasing hormone release from hypothalamic explants of the Japanese quail. Endocrinol. 131:2898-2908 crossref(new window)

Rozenboim, I., B Robinzon and A. Rosenstrauch. 1999. Effect of light source and regimen on growing broilers. Br. Poult. Sci. 40:452-457 crossref(new window)

Sarica, M. 1998. The effects of light colour and lighting regimes on the quail growth and carcass traits. Tr. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 22:103-110

Satterlee, D. G. and R. H. Marin. 2004. Photoperiod-induced changes in cloacal gland physiology and testes weight in male japanese quail selected for divergent adrenocortical responsiveness. Poult. Sci. 83:1003-1010

Siopes, T. D. and W. O. Wilson. 1975. The cloacal gland an external indicator of testicular development in Coturnix. Poult. Sci. 54:1225-1229 crossref(new window)

Tanaka, K., F. B. Mather, W. O. Wilson and L. Z. McFarland. 1965. Effect of photoperiod, on early growth of gonads and on potency of gonadotropins in the anterior pituitary of coturnix. Poult. Sci. 44:662-665 crossref(new window)

Wilson, W. O. and T. D. Siopes. 1967. Conditioned gonadal response of Japanese quail to cyclic photoperiods. Int. J. Biometeor 11:289-295 crossref(new window)

Wilson, W. O. 1972. A review of the physiology coturnix (Japanese quail). World's Poult. Sci. 28(4):413-429 crossref(new window)