JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Replacing Corn Silage with Whole Crop Rice Silage in Total Mixed Ration on Intake, Milk Yield and Its Composition in Holsteins
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Replacing Corn Silage with Whole Crop Rice Silage in Total Mixed Ration on Intake, Milk Yield and Its Composition in Holsteins
Ki, K.S.; Khan, M.A.; Lee, W.S.; Lee, H.J.; Kim, S.B.; Yang, S.H.; Baek, K.S.; Kim, J.G.; Kim, H.S.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of replacing whole crop corn silage (WCCS) with whole crop rice silage (WCRS) in the total mixed ration (TMR) on nutrient intake, milk yield and its composition in Holstein cows. The Chucheong rice variety (Oryza sativa L. Japonica) and corn (Pioneer 32 P75) were harvested at yellow-ripe stage and were ensiled in round bales and in trench silos, respectively. Two TMR containing either WCCS or WCRS were prepared. These diets were randomly assigned to 16 midlactating Holstein cows (8 cows per treatment) and were fed for 120 days. The first 20 days were used for dietary adaptation and for the next 100 days daily feed intake, milk yield and its composition were recorded. The pH, lactic acid, NDF, ADF, CP, Ca and P contents were similar in WCRS and WCCS. The DM, ash and EE contents of WCRS were greater compared with WCCS. Nutrient (DM, NDF, TDN and CP) intakes were similar in cows fed WCCS- and WCRS-based TMR. Daily and 4% fat corrected milk yield were not affected by the treatments. Milk composition (percent milk fat, protein, lactose and total solids) was similar in cows fed either WCCS- or WCRSbased TMR. The concentration of milk urea N was greater in cows fed WCRS-based TMR than those fed WCCS-based TMR. In conclusion, round-baled WCRS can replace WCCS in the diet of mid- to late-lactating Holsteins without any deleterious effects on feed consumption, milk yield and its composition. The present findings raise the possibility that WCRS can be used as an alternative roughage source in the diets of dairy cows in countries with surplus rice production.
 Keywords
Whole Crop Rice Silage;Intake;MUN;Holsteins;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
AOAC. 1990. Official methods of analysis (15th Ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Arlington, Virginia, USA

2.
Islam, M. R., M. Ishida, S. Ando, T. Nishida, N. Yoshida and M. Arakawa. 2004a. Effect of variety and stage of maturity on nutritive value of whole crop rice silage for ruminants: in situdry matter and nitrogen degradability and estimation of metabolizable energy and metabolizable protein. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:1541-1552

3.
Islam, M. R., M. Ishida, S. Ando, T. Nishida and N. Yoshida. 2004b. Estimation of nutritive value of whole crop rice silage and its effect on milk production performance by dairy cows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:1383-1389

4.
Islam, M. R., M. Ishida, S. Ando, T. Nishida N. Yoshida and M. Arakawa. 2004c. Effect of variety and stage of maturity on nutritive value of whole crop rice, yield, botanical fractions, silage fermentability and chemical composition. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:183-192

5.
Khan, M. A., M. Sarwar, M. Nisa, Z. Iqbal, M. S. Khan, W. S. Lee, H. J. Lee and H. S. Kim. 2006a. Chemical composition, in situ digestion kinetics and feeding value of Oat grass (Avena sativa) ensiled with molasses for Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:1127-1133

6.
Maruyama, S., I. Yokoyama, H. Asai, S. Sakaguchi, T. Ohtani, H. Yokota and K. Kita. 2005. Influence of ripening stages on the quality of whole crop silage and grain silage of fodder rice. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:340-344

7.
Nisa, M., M. A. Khan, M. Sarwar, M. Mushtaque, G. Murtaza, W. S. Lee and H. S. Kim. 2006. Influence of re-growth interval on chemical composition, herbage yield, digestibility and digestion kinetics of Setaria sphacelata and Cenchrus ciliaris in buffaloes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:381-385

8.
Nisa, M., N. A. Touqir, M. Sarwar, M. A. Khan and M. Akhatar. 2005. Effect of additives and fermentation periods on chemical composition and in situ digestion kinetics of Mott grass (Pennisitum purpureum) silage. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:812-815

9.
NRC (National research council). 2001. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. 7th revised Edn. National Academy Press, Washington, DC. USA.

10.
Oshit, T., H. Takayama, H. Otsuka, H. Igarashi, K. Nonaka and S. Kume. 2007. Effects of maturing stage of corn hybrids on silage yield, feeding value for dairy cows and milk production in a cold region of Japan. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20:511-516

11.
Ozturk, D., M. Kizilsimsek, A. Kamalak, O. Canbolat and C. O. Ozkan. 2006. Effects of ensiling alfalfa with whole-crop maize on the chemical composition and nutritive value of silage mixtures. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:526-532

12.
RDA (Rural Development Administration, Korea). 2006. Development of production and utilization technology for whole crop rice. Project Report, p. 25-26. Rural Development Administration, Suwon, Korea

13.
SAS (Statistical Analysis System). 1988. 'SAS user's guide: Statistics' (SAS Inst. Inc., Carry, NC)

14.
Takahashi, T., M. Maehara, Y. Zhang, T. I. Motobayashi, Y. Ishii, S. Kanda and H. Itabashi. 2007. Effect of Feeding of whole crop rice silage on milk production, rumen fermentation, blood metabolites and feeding behavior of lactating cows. Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho. 78:45-55 (doi:10.2508/chikusan.78.45) crossref(new window)

15.
Thomas, E. D., P. Mandebvu, C. S. Ballard, C. J. Sniffen, M. P. Carter and J. Beck. 2001. Comparison of corn silage hybrids for yield, nutrient composition, in vitro digestibility, and milk yield by dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 84:2217-2226 crossref(new window)

16.
Touqir, N. A., M. A. Khan, M. Sarwar, Mahr-un-Nisa, C. S. Ali, W. S. Lee, H. J. Lee and H. S. Kim. 2007a. Feeding value of Jambo grass silage and mott grass silage for lactating Nili buffaloes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20:523-528

17.
Touqir, N. A., M. A. Khan, M. Sarwar, M. Nisa, W. S. Lee, H. J. Lee and H. S. Kim. 2007b. Influence of varying dry matter and molasses levels on berseem and lucerne silage characteristics and their in situ digestion Kinetics in Nili buffalo bulls. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20:887-893

18.
Tyrrell, H. F. and J. T. Reid. 1965. Prediction of the energy value of cow's milk. J. Dairy Sci. 48:1215-1223 crossref(new window)

19.
Van Soest, P. J., H. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Method of dietary fiber and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal material. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3591

20.
Yahaya, M. S., M. Gotoa, W. Yimiti, B. Smerjai and Y. Kawamoto. 2004. Evaluation of fermentation quality of a tropical and temperate forage rvops ensiled with additives of fermented juice of epiphytic lactic Acid Bacteria (FJLB) Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17(7):633-63

21.
Zahiroddini, H., J. Baah and T. A. McAllister. 2006. Effects of microbial Inoculants on the fermentation, nutrient retention, and aerobic stability of barley silage. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:1429-1436