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Effects of Dietary Supplementation of a Meju, Fermented Soybean Meal, and Aspergillus oryzae for Juvenile Parrot Fish (Oplegnathus fasciatus)
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 Title & Authors
Effects of Dietary Supplementation of a Meju, Fermented Soybean Meal, and Aspergillus oryzae for Juvenile Parrot Fish (Oplegnathus fasciatus)
Kim, Sung-Sam; Galaz, German Bueno; Pham, Minh Anh; Jang, Ji-Woong; Oh, Dae-Han; Yeo, In-Kyu; Lee, Kyeong-Jun;
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In this study, dietary supplementations of Korean Meju, fermented soybean meal (F-SBM) by Aspergillus oryzae, and A. oryzae itself were evaluated on growth performance, feed utilization, immune responses and phosphorus availability in juvenile parrot fish, a marine aquaculture fish species. Four isonitrogenous and isocaloric diets were formulated to contain 8% soybean meal (control diet), 4% Meju (50% soybean meal was replaced by Meju), 4% F-SBM (50% soybean meal was replaced by F-SBM), or 0.08% A. oryzae itself. One of the four experimental diets was fed to triplicate groups of fish for 8 weeks. At the end of the feeding trial, no significant differences were found in growth performances and feed utilization. Red blood cell counts in the fish fed the A. oryzae diet were significantly higher than that of fish fed the control diet. The antioxidant activity in Meju diet was significantly higher than that of the control and A. oryzae diets. Fish fed Meju and F-SBM diets showed numerically higher antioxidant activity of serum compared to that of fish fed the control diet, even though it was not significant. Liver superoxide dismutase activity of fish fed the test diets was significantly higher than that of fish fed the control diet. The apparent digestibility coefficients of protein of fish fed all the diets were not significantly different. Phosphorus absorption was numerically increased in fish fed F-SBM and A. oryzae diets compared to that of fish fed the control diet. This study indicates that the fermentation process of soybean meal does not impair growth performance and feed utilization in parrot fish. The fermentation process could enhance the availability of phosphorus in soybean meal and non-specific immune responses of parrot fish.
Meju;Fermentation;Parrot Fish;Aspergillus oryzae;Immune Responses;Phosphorus;
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