JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Energy and Nutrient Digestibility in Four Sources of Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles Produced from Corn Grown within a Narrow Geographical Area and Fed to Growing Pigs
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Energy and Nutrient Digestibility in Four Sources of Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles Produced from Corn Grown within a Narrow Geographical Area and Fed to Growing Pigs
Stein, Hans H.; Connot, S.P.; Pedersen, C.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Two experiments were conducted to determine energy and nutrient digestibility in four sources of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) produced from corn and fed to growing pigs. The objective was to test the hypothesis that energy and nutrient digestibility in DDGS does not vary if samples are procured from ethanol plants that use similar production technologies and use corn that is grown within a narrow geographical area. The four sources of DDGS that were used were procured from ethanol plants that were less than 10 yr old and located within 250 km of each other. In Exp. 1, five growing barrows (initial BW = 71.4 kg) that were fitted with a T-canula in the distal ileum were allotted to a 55 Latin square design and used to measure apparent (AID) and standardized (SID) ileal digestibility of AA in the four sources of DDGS. Results of this experiment showed that the SID of CP and all AA except Cys and Pro were greater (p<0.05) in two of the DDGS sources than in the other two sources. Exp. 2 was conducted to measure the concentration of DE and ME and the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of energy, N, P, ether extract, NDF, and ADF in corn and in the same four sources of DDGS as used in Exp. 1. Five pigs (initial BW = 29.7 kg) that were placed in metabolism cages and allotted to a 55 Latin square design were used. Results of Exp. 2 showed that the average DE and ME in DDGS were 4,072 and 3,750 kcal/kg DM, respectively, which was less (p<0.01) than the DE and ME in corn (4,181 and 4,103 kcal/kg DM, respectively). The average ATTD for P in DDGS was 56.1%, which was greater (p<0.01) than the ATTD for P in corn (31.9%). The ATTD for ADF in DDGS was also greater (p<0.05) than in corn, but the ATTD for ether extract and NDF were greater (p<0.05) in corn than in DDGS. It is concluded that energy and nutrient digestibility vary among sources of DDGS even when the DDGS is procured from ethanol plants that use corn grown within a narrow geographical region. Thus, factors other than corn growing region are responsible for the variability of energy and nutrient digestibility in DDGS.
 Keywords
Amino Acids;Digestibility;Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles;Energy;Phosphorus;Pigs;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Energy and Standardized Ileal Amino Acid Digestibilities of Chinese Distillers Dried Grains, Produced from Different Regions and Grains Fed to Growing Pigs,;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2012. vol.25. 1, pp.104-113 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
Adeola, O. 2001. Digestion and balance techniques in pigs. In: Swine nutrition, 2nd Ed. (Ed. A. J. Lewis and L. L. Southern). CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. pp. 903-916

2.
AOAC. 2000. Official methods of analysis. 17th ed. Association of official analytical chemists, Arlington, VA

3.
Back Knudsen, K. E. and I. Hansen. 1991. Gastrointestinal implications in pigs of wheat and oat fractions. 1. Digestibility and bulking properties of polysaccharides and other major constituents. Br. J. Nutr. 65:217-232 crossref(new window)

4.
Belyea, R. L., K. D. Rausch and M. E. Tumbleson. 2004. Composition of corn and distillers dried grains with solubles from dry grind ethanol processing. Biores. Technol. 94:293-298 crossref(new window)

5.
Bohlke, R. A., R. C. Thaler and H. H. Stein. 2005. Calcium, phosphorus, and amino acid digestibility in low-phytate corn, normal corn, and soybean meal by growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 83:2396-2403

6.
Cheon, Y. J., H. L. Lee, M. H. Shin, A. Jang, S. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, B. D. Lee and C. K. Son. 2008. Effects of corn distiller's dried grains with solubles on production and egg quality in laying hens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 21:1318-1323

7.
Choi, H. S., H. L. Lee, M. H. Shin, C. Jo, S. K. Lee and B. D. Lee. 2008. Nutritive values of corn distiller's dried grains with solubles in broiler diets. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 21:414-419

8.
Cromwell, G. L., K. L. Herkelman and T. S. Stahly. 1993. Physical, chemical, and nutritional characteristics of distillers dried grains with solubles for chicks and pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 71:679-686

9.
Fastinger, N. D. and D. C. Mahan. 2006. Determination of the ileal amino acid and energy digestibilities of corn distillers dried grains with solubles using grower-finisher pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 84:1722-1728 crossref(new window)

10.
Fenton, T. W. and M. Fenton. 1979. An improved procedure for the determination of chromic oxide in feed and feces. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 59:631-634 crossref(new window)

11.
Guo, L., X. Piao, D. Li and S. Li. 2004. The apparent digestibility of corn by-products for growing-finishing pigs in vivo and in vitro. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:379-385

12.
Just, A. 1982. The influence of crude fiber from cereals on the net energy value of diets for growth in pigs. Livest. Prod. Sci. 9:569-580 crossref(new window)

13.
Littell, R. C., G. A. Milliken, W. W. Stroup and R. D. Wolfinger. 1996. SAS Systems for mixed models. SAS Inst. Inc., Cary, NC

14.
National Research Council 1998. Nutrient requirements of swine. 10th Ed. National Academy Press, Washington DC

15.
Noblet, J. and X. S. Shi. 1993. Comparative digestive utilization of energy and nutrients in growing pigs fed ad libitum and adult sows fed at maintenance. Livest. Prod. Sci. 34:137-152 crossref(new window)

16.
Pedersen, C., M. G. Boersma and H. H. Stein. 2007. Digestibility of energy and phosphorus in 10 samples of distillers dried grains with solubles fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 85:1168-1176 crossref(new window)

17.
Spiehs, M. J., M. H. Whitney and G. C. Shurson. 2002. Nutrient database for distiller's dried grains with solubles produced from new ethanol plants in Minnesota and South Dakota. J. Anim. Sci. 81:2639-2645

18.
Stein, H. H. and R. A. Bohlke. 2007. The effects of thermal treatment of field peas (Pisum sativum L.) on nutrient and energy digestibility by growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 85:1424-1431 crossref(new window)

19.
Stein, H. H., B. Seve, M. F. Fuller, P. J. Moughan and C. F. M. de Lange. 2007. Invited review: Amino acid bioavailability and digestibility in pig feed ingredients: Terminology and application. J. Anim. Sci. 85:172-180 crossref(new window)

20.
Stein, H. H., C. F. Shipley and R. A. Easter. 1998. Technical note: A technique for inserting a T-cannula into the distal ileum of pregnant sows. J. Anim. Sci. 76:1433-1436

21.
Stein, H. H., C. Pedersen, M. L. Gibson and M. G. Boersma. 2006. Amino acid and energy digestibility in ten samples of distillers dried grain with solubles by growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 84:853-860

22.
Thiex, N. J., H. Manson, S. Anderson and J. A. Persson. 2002. Determination of crude protein in animal feed, forage, grain, and oilseeds by using block digestion with a copper catalyst and steam distillation into boric acid: Collaborative study. J. AOAC Intl. 85:309-317

23.
Thiex, N. J., S. Anderson and B. Gildemeister. 2003. Crude fat, diethyl ester extraction, in feed, cereal grain, and forage (Randall/Soxtec/Submersion Method): Collaborative study. J. AOAC Intl. 86:888-898

24.
Widyaratne, G. P. and R. T. Zijlstra. 2007. Nutritional value of wheat and corn distillers dried grain with solubles: Digestibility and digestible contents of energy, amino acids and phosphorus, nutrient excretion and growth performance of grower-finisher pigs. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 87:103-114

25.
Zervas, S. and R. T. Zijlstra. 2002. Effects of dietary protein and fermentable fiber on nitrogen excretion patterns and plasma urea in grower pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 80:3247-3256 crossref(new window)