JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Energy and Nutrient Digestibility in Four Sources of Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles Produced from Corn Grown within a Narrow Geographical Area and Fed to Growing Pigs
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Energy and Nutrient Digestibility in Four Sources of Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles Produced from Corn Grown within a Narrow Geographical Area and Fed to Growing Pigs
Stein, Hans H.; Connot, S.P.; Pedersen, C.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Two experiments were conducted to determine energy and nutrient digestibility in four sources of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) produced from corn and fed to growing pigs. The objective was to test the hypothesis that energy and nutrient digestibility in DDGS does not vary if samples are procured from ethanol plants that use similar production technologies and use corn that is grown within a narrow geographical area. The four sources of DDGS that were used were procured from ethanol plants that were less than 10 yr old and located within 250 km of each other. In Exp. 1, five growing barrows (initial BW = 71.4 kg) that were fitted with a T-canula in the distal ileum were allotted to a 55 Latin square design and used to measure apparent (AID) and standardized (SID) ileal digestibility of AA in the four sources of DDGS. Results of this experiment showed that the SID of CP and all AA except Cys and Pro were greater (p<0.05) in two of the DDGS sources than in the other two sources. Exp. 2 was conducted to measure the concentration of DE and ME and the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of energy, N, P, ether extract, NDF, and ADF in corn and in the same four sources of DDGS as used in Exp. 1. Five pigs (initial BW = 29.7 kg) that were placed in metabolism cages and allotted to a 55 Latin square design were used. Results of Exp. 2 showed that the average DE and ME in DDGS were 4,072 and 3,750 kcal/kg DM, respectively, which was less (p<0.01) than the DE and ME in corn (4,181 and 4,103 kcal/kg DM, respectively). The average ATTD for P in DDGS was 56.1%, which was greater (p<0.01) than the ATTD for P in corn (31.9%). The ATTD for ADF in DDGS was also greater (p<0.05) than in corn, but the ATTD for ether extract and NDF were greater (p<0.05) in corn than in DDGS. It is concluded that energy and nutrient digestibility vary among sources of DDGS even when the DDGS is procured from ethanol plants that use corn grown within a narrow geographical region. Thus, factors other than corn growing region are responsible for the variability of energy and nutrient digestibility in DDGS.
 Keywords
Amino Acids;Digestibility;Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles;Energy;Phosphorus;Pigs;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Energy and Standardized Ileal Amino Acid Digestibilities of Chinese Distillers Dried Grains, Produced from Different Regions and Grains Fed to Growing Pigs,;;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2012. vol.25. 1, pp.104-113 crossref(new window)
1.
Variation in coefficient of total tract apparent digestibility of dry matter, nitrogen, and phosphorus and coefficient of total tract standardized digestibility of phosphorus in different corns fed to growing-finishing pigs, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2015, 201, 66  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Comparative digestibility of energy and nutrients in diets fed to sows and growing pigs, Archives of Animal Nutrition, 2015, 69, 2, 79  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Energy and Standardized Ileal Amino Acid Digestibilities of Chinese Distillers Dried Grains, Produced from Different Regions and Grains Fed to Growing Pigs, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2011, 25, 1, 104  crossref(new windwow)
4.
Authentication of dried distilled grain with solubles (DDGS) by fatty acid and volatile profiling, LWT - Food Science and Technology, 2014, 59, 1, 215  crossref(new windwow)
5.
Evaluation of prediction equations to estimate gross, digestible, and metabolizable energy content of maize dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) for swine based on chemical composition, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2014, 198, 196  crossref(new windwow)
6.
Compositional effects of corn distillers dried grains with solubles with variable oil content on digestible, metabolizable, and net energy values in growing pigs1, The Professional Animal Scientist, 2015, 31, 6, 485  crossref(new windwow)
7.
The consequences of introducing stochasticity in nutrient utilisation models: the case of phosphorus utilisation by pigs, British Journal of Nutrition, 2016, 115, 03, 389  crossref(new windwow)
8.
Concentration of digestible and metabolizable energy and digestibility of energy and nutrients by growing pigs in distillers dried grains with solubles produced in and around Illinois, The Professional Animal Scientist, 2016, 32, 5, 687  crossref(new windwow)
9.
Nutritive value of corn distillers dried grains with solubles as an ingredient of poultry diets: A review, World's Poultry Science Journal, 2010, 66, 03, 411  crossref(new windwow)
10.
Effects ofAspergillus nigerfermented rapeseed meal on nutrient digestibility, growth performance and serum parameters in growing pigs, Animal Science Journal, 2016, 87, 4, 557  crossref(new windwow)
11.
Nutritional value of feed ingredients of plant origin fed to pigs, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2016, 218, 33  crossref(new windwow)
12.
Amino acid digestibility in camelina products fed to growing pigs, Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 2013, 93, 3, 335  crossref(new windwow)
13.
Validation of metabolisable energy prediction equation for de-oiled corn distillers dried grains with solubles fed to finishing pigs, Italian Journal of Animal Science, 2016, 15, 1, 55  crossref(new windwow)
14.
Comparative amino acid digestibility in US blood products fed to weanling pigs, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2013, 181, 1-4, 80  crossref(new windwow)
15.
Chemical composition and prediction of amino acid content of maize- and wheat-Distillers’ Dried Grains with Soluble, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2013, 185, 3-4, 182  crossref(new windwow)
16.
Evaluation of Selected Nutrients and Contaminants in Distillers Grains from Ethanol Production in Texas, Journal of Food Protection, 2016, 79, 9, 1562  crossref(new windwow)
17.
Effects of heat treatment on the apparent and standardized ileal digestibility of amino acids in canola meal fed to growing pigs, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2014, 187, 44  crossref(new windwow)
18.
Effects of balancing crystalline amino acids in diets containing heat-damaged soybean meal or distillers dried grains with solubles fed to weanling pigs, animal, 2014, 8, 10, 1594  crossref(new windwow)
19.
Effects of co-products from the corn-ethanol industry on body composition, retention of protein, lipids and energy, and on the net energy of diets fed to growing or finishing pigs, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 2014, 94, 14, 3008  crossref(new windwow)
20.
Evaluation of ME predictions and the impact of feeding maize distillers dried grains with solubles with variable oil content on growth performance, carcass composition, and pork fat quality of growing-finishing pigs, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2016, 213, 128  crossref(new windwow)
21.
Validation of prediction equations for apparent metabolizable energy of corn distillers dried grains with solubles in broiler chicks, Poultry Science, 2014, 93, 6, 1428  crossref(new windwow)
22.
Effect of Different Inclusion Level of Condensed Distillers Solubles Ratios and Oil Content on Amino Acid Digestibility of Corn Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles in Growing Pigs, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2014, 28, 1, 102  crossref(new windwow)
23.
Prediction of standardized ileal digestibility and essential amino acid content of ingredients in swine: A meta-analysis, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2015, 207, 204  crossref(new windwow)
24.
Chemical composition and standardized ileal amino acid digestibility in rapeseed meals sourced from German oil mills for growing pigs, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2014, 187, 68  crossref(new windwow)
25.
Amino acid digestibility in rice co-products fed to growing pigs, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2015, 207, 150  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Adeola, O. 2001. Digestion and balance techniques in pigs. In: Swine nutrition, 2nd Ed. (Ed. A. J. Lewis and L. L. Southern). CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. pp. 903-916

2.
AOAC. 2000. Official methods of analysis. 17th ed. Association of official analytical chemists, Arlington, VA

3.
Back Knudsen, K. E. and I. Hansen. 1991. Gastrointestinal implications in pigs of wheat and oat fractions. 1. Digestibility and bulking properties of polysaccharides and other major constituents. Br. J. Nutr. 65:217-232 crossref(new window)

4.
Belyea, R. L., K. D. Rausch and M. E. Tumbleson. 2004. Composition of corn and distillers dried grains with solubles from dry grind ethanol processing. Biores. Technol. 94:293-298 crossref(new window)

5.
Bohlke, R. A., R. C. Thaler and H. H. Stein. 2005. Calcium, phosphorus, and amino acid digestibility in low-phytate corn, normal corn, and soybean meal by growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 83:2396-2403

6.
Cheon, Y. J., H. L. Lee, M. H. Shin, A. Jang, S. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, B. D. Lee and C. K. Son. 2008. Effects of corn distiller's dried grains with solubles on production and egg quality in laying hens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 21:1318-1323

7.
Choi, H. S., H. L. Lee, M. H. Shin, C. Jo, S. K. Lee and B. D. Lee. 2008. Nutritive values of corn distiller's dried grains with solubles in broiler diets. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 21:414-419

8.
Cromwell, G. L., K. L. Herkelman and T. S. Stahly. 1993. Physical, chemical, and nutritional characteristics of distillers dried grains with solubles for chicks and pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 71:679-686

9.
Fastinger, N. D. and D. C. Mahan. 2006. Determination of the ileal amino acid and energy digestibilities of corn distillers dried grains with solubles using grower-finisher pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 84:1722-1728 crossref(new window)

10.
Fenton, T. W. and M. Fenton. 1979. An improved procedure for the determination of chromic oxide in feed and feces. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 59:631-634 crossref(new window)

11.
Guo, L., X. Piao, D. Li and S. Li. 2004. The apparent digestibility of corn by-products for growing-finishing pigs in vivo and in vitro. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:379-385

12.
Just, A. 1982. The influence of crude fiber from cereals on the net energy value of diets for growth in pigs. Livest. Prod. Sci. 9:569-580 crossref(new window)

13.
Littell, R. C., G. A. Milliken, W. W. Stroup and R. D. Wolfinger. 1996. SAS Systems for mixed models. SAS Inst. Inc., Cary, NC

14.
National Research Council 1998. Nutrient requirements of swine. 10th Ed. National Academy Press, Washington DC

15.
Noblet, J. and X. S. Shi. 1993. Comparative digestive utilization of energy and nutrients in growing pigs fed ad libitum and adult sows fed at maintenance. Livest. Prod. Sci. 34:137-152 crossref(new window)

16.
Pedersen, C., M. G. Boersma and H. H. Stein. 2007. Digestibility of energy and phosphorus in 10 samples of distillers dried grains with solubles fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 85:1168-1176 crossref(new window)

17.
Spiehs, M. J., M. H. Whitney and G. C. Shurson. 2002. Nutrient database for distiller's dried grains with solubles produced from new ethanol plants in Minnesota and South Dakota. J. Anim. Sci. 81:2639-2645

18.
Stein, H. H. and R. A. Bohlke. 2007. The effects of thermal treatment of field peas (Pisum sativum L.) on nutrient and energy digestibility by growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 85:1424-1431 crossref(new window)

19.
Stein, H. H., B. Seve, M. F. Fuller, P. J. Moughan and C. F. M. de Lange. 2007. Invited review: Amino acid bioavailability and digestibility in pig feed ingredients: Terminology and application. J. Anim. Sci. 85:172-180 crossref(new window)

20.
Stein, H. H., C. F. Shipley and R. A. Easter. 1998. Technical note: A technique for inserting a T-cannula into the distal ileum of pregnant sows. J. Anim. Sci. 76:1433-1436

21.
Stein, H. H., C. Pedersen, M. L. Gibson and M. G. Boersma. 2006. Amino acid and energy digestibility in ten samples of distillers dried grain with solubles by growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 84:853-860

22.
Thiex, N. J., H. Manson, S. Anderson and J. A. Persson. 2002. Determination of crude protein in animal feed, forage, grain, and oilseeds by using block digestion with a copper catalyst and steam distillation into boric acid: Collaborative study. J. AOAC Intl. 85:309-317

23.
Thiex, N. J., S. Anderson and B. Gildemeister. 2003. Crude fat, diethyl ester extraction, in feed, cereal grain, and forage (Randall/Soxtec/Submersion Method): Collaborative study. J. AOAC Intl. 86:888-898

24.
Widyaratne, G. P. and R. T. Zijlstra. 2007. Nutritional value of wheat and corn distillers dried grain with solubles: Digestibility and digestible contents of energy, amino acids and phosphorus, nutrient excretion and growth performance of grower-finisher pigs. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 87:103-114

25.
Zervas, S. and R. T. Zijlstra. 2002. Effects of dietary protein and fermentable fiber on nitrogen excretion patterns and plasma urea in grower pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 80:3247-3256 crossref(new window)