JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Organic Selenium (Sel-Plex) on Thermometabolism, Blood Chemical Composition and Weight Gain in Holstein Suckling Calves
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Organic Selenium (Sel-Plex) on Thermometabolism, Blood Chemical Composition and Weight Gain in Holstein Suckling Calves
Ebrahimi, Marzieh; Towhidi, Armin; Nikkhah, Ali;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of milk supplemented with Sel-Plex on thyroid hormones, rectal temperature, plasma glucose and cholesterol concentrations, and body weight in suckling calves. Ten Holstein suckling male calves of approximately 1 month of age were selected and randomly allocated to one of two groups and fed either unsupplemented milk (control) or milk supplemented with 0.3 mg/kg DM Se from Sel-Plex (treated). The animals received treated milk and free choice starter for two months. Dry matter intake for each individual animal was recorded daily throughout the study. The calves were weighed and blood samples were taken weekly. Plasma concentrations of triiodothyronine (), thyroxin () and -Uptake were determined using radioimmunoassay kits. Plasma cholesterol and glucose concentrations were determined by enzymatic-colorimetric methods. Rectal temperature was recorded at blood sampling time. During the experiment, ambient temperature and relative humidity were recorded at the time of blood sampling and every four hours. Treatment significantly (p<0.01) affected the concentration of , free index () and ratio of : in plasma. The plasma concentrations of in treated calves were 33% higher than in the control. The plasma concentrations of (p<0.05), glucose (p<0.01) and cholesterol (p<0.01) were decreased in the treated group. Calves fed Sel-Plex had higher rectal temperature (p<0.01). Plasma free index (FT4I) did not differ significantly between the two groups. An increase in body weight was observed (p<0.09) in the treated group. The results indicated that milk fortified with Sel-Plex could increase tissue conversion of to and therefore improve thermometabolism in suckling calves.
 Keywords
Thermometabolism;Blood Chemical Composition;Weight Gain;Calf;Selenium;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
AOAC. 2000. Official methods of analysis. Association of official analytical chemists. EUA

2.
Arthur, J. R., F. Nicol, P. W. H. Rae and G. J. Beckett. 1990. Effects of selenium deficiency on the thyroid gland and on plasma and pituitary thyrotropin and growth hormone concentrations in the rat. Clin. Chem. Enzyme Commun. 3:209

3.
Arthur, J. R., P. C. Morrice and G. J. Beckett. 1988. Thyroid hormone concentrations in selenium deficient and selenium sufficient cattle. Res. Vet. Sci. 45:122-123

4.
Awadeh, F. T., R. L. Kincaid and K. A. Jhonson. 1998. Effect of level and source of dietary selenium on concentrations of thyroid hormones and immunoglobulins in beef cows and calves. J. Anim. Sci. 76:1204-1215 crossref(new window)

5.
Backall, K. A. and R. W. Scholz. 1981. Reference values for a field test to estimate inadequate glutathione peroxidase activity and selenium status in the blood of cattle. Am. J. Vet. Res. 40:733-738

6.
Backall, K. A. and R. W. Scholz. 1981. Reference values for a field test to estimate inadequate glutathione peroxidase activity and selenium status in the blood of cattle. Am. J. Vet. Res. 40:733-738

7.
Becker, D. J., B. Reul, A. T. Ozcelikay, J. P. Buchet, J. C. Henquin and S. M. Brichard. 1996. Oral selenate improves glucose homeostasis and partly reverses abnormal expression of liver glycolytic and gluconeogenic enzymes in diabetic rats. Diabetologia 39:3-11 crossref(new window)

8.
Beckett, G. J., A. Russel, F. Nicol, P. Sahu, R. Wold and J. R. Arthur. 1992. Effects of selenium deficiency on hepatic type I 5′-iodothyronine deiodinase activity and hepatic thyroid hormone level in the rat. Biochem. J. 282:483-486 crossref(new window)

9.
Beckett, G. J., F. Nicol, P. W. Rae, S. Beach, Y. Guo and J. R. Arthur. 1993. Effects of combined iodine and selenium deficiency on thyroid hormone metabolism in rats. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. Suppl. 57:2405-2435

10.
Bruce, L. B. 1998. Effects of selenium on cold adapted beef cattle. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 11:265-567

11.
Cammack, P. M., B. A. Zwahlen and M. J. Christensen. 1995. Selenium deficiency alters thyroid hormone metabolism in guinea pigs. J. Nutr. 125:302-308

12.
Chung, J. Y., J. H. Kim, Y. H. Ko and I. S. Jang. 2007. Effects of dietary supplemented inorganic and organic selenium on antioxidant defense systems in the intestine, serum, liver and muscle of Korean native goats. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20: 52-59

13.
Croteau, W., J. C. Davey, V. A. Galton and D. L. S. Germain. 1996. Cloning of the mammalian type II iodothyronine deiodinase: a selenoprotein differentially expressed and regulated in human and rat brain and other tissues. J. Clin. Invest. 98:405-417 crossref(new window)

14.
Currie, W. B. 1995. Structure and function of domestic animals. CRC Press. Inc

15.
Davis, C. L and J. K. Drackley. 1998. The development, nutrition, and management of the young calves. Iowa State. University Press. Ames. IA

16.
Donald, G. E., J. P. Langlands, J. E. Bowles and A. J. Smith. 1994. Subclinical selenium insufficiency. Thermoregulatory ability of perinatal lambs born to ewes supplemented with selenium and iodine. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. 34:19-24 crossref(new window)

17.
Gleed, P. T., W. M. Allen, C. B. Mallinson, G. J. Rowlands, B. F. Sansom, M. J. Vagg and R. D. Caswell. 1983. Effects of selenium and copper supplementation on the growth of beef steers. Vet. Rec. 113:388-392

18.
Gonzalez-Jimenez, E. and K. L. Blaxter. 1962. The metabolism and thermal regulation of calves in the first month of life. Br. J. Nutr. 16:199-212 crossref(new window)

19.
Gunter, S. A., P. A. Beck and J. M. Phillips. 2003. Effects of supplementary selenium source on the performance and blood measurements in beef cows and their calves. J. Anim. Sci. 81:856-864

20.
Hoekstra, W. G. 1974. Biochemical Role of Selenium. Pages 61-77 in Trace Element Metabolism in Animals, Vol. II. (Ed. W. G. Hoekstra, J. W. Suttie, H. E. Ganther and W. Mertz). Univ. Park Press, Baltimore, MD

21.
Lacetera, N., U. Bernabuci, B. Ronchi and A. Nardone. 1996. Effects of selenium and vitamin E administration during a late stage of pregnancy on colostrums and milk production in dairy cows, and on passive immunity and growth of their offspring. Am. J. Vet. Res. 57:1776-1780

22.
Lee, S. H., B. Y. Park, J. M. Yeo, S. S. Lee, J. H. Lee, J. K. Ha and W. Y. Kim. 2007. Effects of different selenium sources on performance, carcass characteristics, plasma glutathione peroxidase activity and selenium deposition in finishing Hanwoo steers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20:229-236

23.
Mahan, D. C. and N. A. Parrett. 1996. Evaluating the efficacy of selenium-enriched yeast and sodium selenite on tissue selenium retention and serum glutathione peroxidase activity in grower and finisher swine. J. Anim. Sci. 74:2967-2974

24.
Mahan, D. C., T. R. Cline and B. Richert. 1999. Effects of dietary levels of selenium-enriched yeast and sodium selenite as selenium sources fed to growing-finishing pigs on performance, tissue selenium, serum glutathione peroxidase activity, carcass characteristics, and loin quality J. Anim. Sci. 77:2172-2179

25.
McNeill, J. H., H. L. M. Delgatty and M. L. Battell. 1991. Insulinlike effects of sodium selenate in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats. Diabetes 40:1675-1678 crossref(new window)

26.
Mukherjee, B., S. Anbazhagan, A. Roy, R. Ghosh and M. Chatterjee. 1998. Novel implications of the potential role of selenium on antioxidant status in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. Biomed. Pharmacother. 52:89-95 crossref(new window)

27.
NRC. 2001. Nutrient requirements of the young calf. 7th rev. ed. pp. 214-233. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC

28.
Paglia, D. E. and W. N. Valentine. 1967. Studies on the quantitative and qualitative characterization of erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 70:158-169 crossref(new window)

29.
Perkin-Elmer. 1981a. Analytical methods for atomic absorption spectroscopy. Perkin-Elmer Tech. p. 39

30.
Perkin-Elmer. 1981b. Analytical methods for atomic absorption spectroscopy using the MHS mercury hydride system. Publication No. 309. p. 13

31.
Rock, M. J., R. L. Kincaid and G. E. Carstens. 2001. Effect of prenatal source and level of dietary selenium on passive immunity and thermometabolism of newborn lambs. Small Rumin. Res. 40:129-138 crossref(new window)

32.
Rowntree, J. E., G. M. Hill, D. R. Hawkins, J. E. Link, M. J. Rincker, G. W. Bednar and R. A. Kreft. 2004. Effect of Se on selenoprotein activity and thyroid hormone metabolism in beef and dairy cows and calves. J. Anim. Sci. 82:2995-3005 crossref(new window)

33.
Roy, E., Y. Murata, K. Cua, Y. Hayashi, H. Seo and S. Refetoff. 1998. Thyroid hormone action on liver, heart, and energy expenditure in thyroid hormone receptor b-deficient mice. The Endocrine Society Vol. 139, No. 12

34.
SAS1. User's Guide, Statistics, Version 6 Edition, 1990. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC

35.
Spears, J. W., R. W. Harvey and E. C. Segerson. 1986. Effects of marginal deficiency and winter protein supplementation on growth, reproduction, and selenium status of beef cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 63:586-594 crossref(new window)

36.
Stapleton, S. R. 2000. Selenium: an insulin-mimetic. Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 57:1874-1879 crossref(new window)

37.
Stowe, H. D. and T. H. Herdt. 1992. Clinical assessment of selenium status of livestock. J. Anim. Sci. 70:3928-3933

38.
Swecker, W. S., D. E. Eversole, C. D. Thatcher, D. J. Blodgett, G. G. Schurig and J. B. Meldrum. 1989. Influence of supplemental selenium on humoral immune responses in weaned beef calves. Am. J. Vet. Res. 50:1760-1763

39.
Thompson, K. M., H. Haibach and R. A. Sunde. 1995. Growth and plasma triiodothyronine concentrations are modified by selenium deficiency and repletion in second-generation selenium-deficient rats. J. Nutr. 125:864-873

40.
Underwood, E. J. 1977. Trace elements in human and animal nutrition. 4th ed. Acad. Press, Inc., New York, NY

41.
Van Soest, P. J., J. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597

42.
Wichtel, J. J., A. L. Craigie, D. A. Freeman, H. V. Alvarez and N. B. Williamson. 1996. Effect of selenium and iodine supplementation on growth rate and on thyroid and somatotropic function in dairy calves at pasture. J. Dairy Sci. 79:1866-1872

43.
Yue, W., C. Zhang, L. Shi, Y. Ren, Y. Jiang and D. O. Kleemann. 2009. Effect of supplemental selenomethionine on growth performance and serum antioxidant status in Taihang Black goats. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 22(3):365-370