JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Dietary Antioxidant and Energy Density on Performance and Anti-oxidative Status of Transition Cows
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Dietary Antioxidant and Energy Density on Performance and Anti-oxidative Status of Transition Cows
Wang, Y.M.; Wang, J.H.; Wang, C.; Wang, J.K.; Chen, B.; Liu, J.X.; Cao, H.; Guo, F.C.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary antioxidant and energy density on performance and antioxidative status in transition cows. Forty cows were randomly allocated to 4 dietary treatments in a factorial design. High or low energy density diets (1.43 or 1.28 Mcal /kg DM, respectively) were formulated with or without antioxidant (AOX, a dry granular blend of ethoxyquin and tertiary-butylhydroquinone; 0 or 5 g/cow per d). These diets were fed to cows for 21 days pre-partum. During the post-partum period, all cows were fed the same lactation diets, and AOX treatment followed as for the pre-partum period. Feeding a high energy diet depressed the DMI, milk yield, and 4% fat-corrected milk (FCM) of cows. However, AOX inclusion in the diet improved the milk and 4% FCM yields. There was an interaction of energy density by AOX on milk protein, milk fat and total solids contents. Feeding a high energy diet pre-partum increased plasma glucose and -hydroxybutyrate, whereas dietary AOX decreased plasma -hydroxybutyrate value during the transition period. There were also interactions between time and treatment for plasma glutathione peroxidase activity and malondialdehyde content during the study. Cows fed high energy diets pre-partum had higher plasma glutathione peroxidase activity 3 days prior to parturition, compared with those on low energy diets. Inclusion of AOX in diets decreased plasma glutathione peroxidase activity in cows 3 and 10 days pre-partum. Addition of AOX significantly decreased malondialdehyde values at calving. Energy density induced marginal changes in fatty acid composition in the erythrocyte membrane 3 days post-partum, while AOX only significantly increased cis-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid composition. The increase in fluidity of the erythrocyte membrane was only observed in the high energy treatment. It is suggested that a diet containing high energy density pre-partum may negatively affect the anti-oxidative status, DMI and subsequent performance. Addition of AOX may improve the anti-oxidative status and reduce plasma -hydroxybutyrate, eventually resulting in improved lactation performance; the response to AOX addition was more pronounced on the high energy diet.
 Keywords
Antioxidant;Energy Density;Transition Cow;Blood Metabolism;Anti-oxidative Status;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Production level, feed conversion efficiency, and nitrogen use efficiency of dairy production systems in China, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 2014, 46, 4, 669  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Effect of Supplementation with Antioxidants on the Quality of Bovine Milk and Meat Production, The Scientific World Journal, 2013, 2013, 1  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Effect of dietary antioxidant and increasing corn oil inclusion on milk fat yield and fatty acid composition in dairy cattle, Journal of Dairy Science, 2014, 97, 12, 7697  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Agenas, S., K. Dahlborn and K. Holtenius. 2003. Changes in metabolism and milk production during and after feed deprivation in primiparous cows selected for different milk fat content. Livest. Prod. Sci. 83:153-164. crossref(new window)

2.
Andrews, J., M. Vazquez-Anon and G. Bowman. 2006. Fat stability and preservation of fatty acids with $AGRADO^{\circledR}$ antioxidant in feed ingredients used in ruminant rations. J. Dairy Sci. 89 (Suppl. 1):60 (Abstr.).

3.
AOAC. 1990. Official methods of analysis. 15th ed. Vol. 1. Assoc. Offic. Anal. Chem., Arlington, VA.

4.
Bernabucci, U., B. Ronchi, N. Lacetera and A. Nardone. 2002. Markers of oxidative status in plasma and erythrocytes of transition dairy cows during hot season. J. Dairy Sci. 85:2173-2179. crossref(new window)

5.
Bernabucci, U., B. Ronchi, N. Lacetera and A. Nardone. 2005. Influence of body condition score on relationships between metabolic status and oxidative stress in periparturient dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 88:2017-2026. crossref(new window)

6.
Bouwstra, R. J., R. M. A. Goselink, P. Dobbelaar, M. Nielen, J. R.Newbold and T. van Werven. 2008. The relationship between oxidative damage and vitamin E concentration in blood, milk, and liver tissue from vitamin E supplemented and nonsupplemented periparturient heifers. J. Dairy Sci. 91:977-987. crossref(new window)

7.
Castillo, C., J. Hernandez, A. Bravo, M. Lopez-Alonso, V. Pereira, and J. L. Benedito. 2005. Oxidative status during late pregnancy and early lactation in dairy cows. Vet. J. 169:286-292. crossref(new window)

8.
Chai, X. S., Q. X. Hou, Q. Luo and J. Y. Zhu. 2004. Rapid determination of hydrogen peroxide in the wood pulp bleaching steams by a dual-wavelength spectroscopic method. Anal. Chim. Acta 507:281-284. crossref(new window)

9.
Chinese National Station of Animal Production and Health (CNSAPH). 2000. Nutrient requirements and feeding standards of dairy cattle. 2nd rev. China Agriculture University Press, Beijing, China.

10.
Dandona, P., A. Aljada and A. Bandyopadhyay. 2004. Inflammation:the link between insulin resistance, and obesity and diabetes. Trends Immunol. 25:4-7. crossref(new window)

11.
Dodge, J. T., C. Mitchell and D. J. Hanahan. 1963. The preparation and chemical characteristics of hemoglobin-free ghosts of human erythrocytes. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 100:119-130. crossref(new window)

12.
Doepel, L., H. Lapierre and J. J. Kennelly. 2002. Peripartum performance and metabolism of dairy cows in response to prepartum energy and protein intake. J. Dairy Sci. 85:2315-2334. crossref(new window)

13.
Douglas, G. N., T. R. Overton, H. G. Bateman II, H. M. Dann and J. K. Drackley. 2006. Prepartal plane of nutrition, regardless of dietary energy source, affect periparturient metabolism and dry matter intake in Holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci. 89:2141-2157. crossref(new window)

14.
Drackley, J. K. 1999. Biology of dairy cows during the transition period: The final frontier? J. Dairy Sci. 82:2259-2273. crossref(new window)

15.
Duffield, T. 2000. Subclinical ketosis in lactating dairy cattle. Vet. Clin. North Am. Food Anim. Pract. 16:231-253, review.

16.
Goff, J. P. and R. L. Horst. 1997. Physiological changes at parturition and their relationship to metabolic disorders. J. Dairy Sci. 80:1260-1268. crossref(new window)

17.
Guo, J., R. R. Peters and R. A. Kohn. 2007. Effect of a transition diet on production performance and metabolism in periparturient dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 90:5247-5258. crossref(new window)

18.
Halliwell, B. and S. Chirico. 1993. Lipid peroxidation: Its mechanism, measurement, and significance. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 57:715S-725S.

19.
Han, H., H. S. Hussein, H. A. Glimp, D. H. Saylor and L. W.Greene. 2002. Carbohydrate fermentation and nitrogen metabolism of a finishing beef diet by ruminal microbes in continuous cultures as affected by ethoxyquin and (or) supplementation of monensin and tylosin. J. Anim. Sci. 80:1117-1123.

20.
Holcomb, C. S., H. H. Van Horn, H. H. Head, M. B. Hall and C. J. Wilcox. 2001. Effects of prepartum dry matter intake and forage percentage on postpartum performance of lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 84:2051-2058. crossref(new window)

21.
Keddad, K., P. Therond, C. Motta, Ch. Baussan and A. Legrand. 1996. Alterations in erythrocyte membrane fluidity and fatty acid composition in glycogen storage disease. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1315:61-65. crossref(new window)

22.
Kuiper, P. J. C., A. Livne and N. Meyerstein. 1971. Changes in lipid composition and osmotic fragility of erythrocytes of hamster induced by heat exposure. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 248:300-305. crossref(new window)

23.
Lindi, C., P. Marciani and F. Omodeo-Salé. 1993. Age related changes in functions and physicochemical properties of rat jejunal brush border membrane after chronic ethanol administration. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 104C:263-268.

24.
McNamara, S., F. P. O’Mara, M. Rath and J. J. Murphy. 2003. Effects of different transition diets on dry matter intake, milk production, and milk composition in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 86:2397-2408. crossref(new window)

25.
Miller, J. K. and E. Brezeinska-Slebodizinska. 1993. Oxidative stress, antioxidants, and animal function. J. Dairy Sci. 76:2812-2823. crossref(new window)

26.
NRC. 2001. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. 7th ed. Natl. Acad. Sci., Washington, DC.

27.
Olsson, G., M. Emanuelsson and H. Wiktorsson. 1997. Effects on milk production and health of dairy cows by feeding different ratios of concentrate/forage and additional fat before calving. Acta Agric. Scand. A Anim. Sci. 47:91-105.

28.
Persson, S. U., G. Wohlfart, H. Larsson and A. Gustafson. 1996. Correlations between fatty acid composition of the erythrocyte membrane and blood rheology data. Scan. J. Clin. Lab. Invest. 56:183-190. crossref(new window)

29.
SAS Institute. 2000. SAS User’s Guide. Statistics. Version 8.01. SAS Inst., Inc., Cary, NC.

30.
Skeaff, C. M., L. Hodson and J. M. McKenzie. 2006. Dietaryinduced changes in fatty acid composition of human plasma, platelet, and erythrocyte lipids following a similar time course. J. Nutr. 136:565-569.

31.
Sies, H. 1991. Oxidative stress. Academic Press Ltd., Orlando, FL.

32.
Tesfa, A. T., M. Tuori, L. Syrjala-Qvist, R. Poso, H. Saloniemi, K. Heinonen, K. Kivilahti, T. Saukko and L. A. Lindberg. 1999. The influence of dry period feeding on liver fat and postpartum performance of dairy cows. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 76:275-295. crossref(new window)

33.
Tuzun, A., A. Erdil, V. Inal, A. Aydm, S. Bagci, Z. Yesilova, A. Sayal, N. Karaeren and K. Dagalp. 2002. Oxidative stress and antioxidant capacity in patient with inflammatory bowel disease. Clin. Biochem. 35:569-572. crossref(new window)

34.
Van Soest, P. J., J. B. Bobertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Methods of dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597. crossref(new window)

35.
Vazquez-Anon, M. and T. Jenkins. 2007. Effects of feeding oxidized fat with or without dietary antioxidants on nutrient digestibility, microbial nitrogen, and fatty acid metabolism. J. Dairy Sci. 90:4361-4867. crossref(new window)

36.
Vazquez-Anon, M., J. Nocek, G. Bowman, T. Hampton, C. Atwell, P. Vazquez and T. Jenkins. 2008. Effects of feeding a dietary antioxidant in diets with oxidized fat on lactation performance and antioxidant status of the cow. J. Dairy Sci. 91:3165-3172. crossref(new window)

37.
Zhang, X. Y., Y. L. Tan, L. Y. Cao, G. Y. Wu, Q. Xu, Y. Shen and D. F. Zhou. 2006. Antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in different forms of schizophrenia treated with typical and atypical antipsychotics. Schizophr. Res. 81:291-300. crossref(new window)