Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Feeding Licury (Syagrus coronate) Cake to Growing Goats
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Feeding Licury (Syagrus coronate) Cake to Growing Goats
Borja, M.S.; Oliveira, R.L.; Ribeiro, C.V.D.M.; Bagaldo, A.R.; Carvalho, G.G.P.; Silva, T.M.; Lima, L.S.; Barbosa, L.P.;
  PDF(new window)
The objectives of this study were to determine the highest inclusion of licury (Syagrus coronate) cake in the diet of growing Boer goats without adverse effects on intake and digestibility and to determine its effects on ingestive behavior and physiological responses. Twenty entire, one year old 3/4 Boer goats, 18.1 kg (DS = 2.2) average body weight (BW), were allocated to dietary treatments in a completely randomized design. Each animal was confined in a pen with a suspended floor and given ad libitum access to clean, fresh water. Diets were formulated to meet NRC (2007) requirements and the ingredients were: 50% of Tifton-85 (Cynodon sp.) hay, corn meal, soybean meal, mineral and vitamin premix, and licury cake. The treatments were: i) no addition of licury cake to the diet, ii) 15% (DM basis) addition of licury cake, iii) 30% licury cake and, iv) 45% licury cake. The experiment lasted for 17 days; the first 10 days were used to adapt the animals to the diets and facilities. The inclusion of licury cake increased the fiber concentration of the diets; however, there was no effect on either dry matter (DM) or organic matter (OM) intake. There was a linear increase (p<0.05) in the EE content of the diet as the addition of licury cake increased; however, EE intake did not differ (p>0.05) between treatments. The digestibility of non-fibrous carbohydrates (NFC) decreased with increasing inclusion of licury cake, as did NFC intake. The efficiency of ingestion of DM and NDF presented a negative quadratic effect with the inclusion of licury cake. Results from this study indicate that licury cake can be fed to goats at up to 45% of the diet without adverse effects on either intake or digestibility.
Intake;Digestibility;Behavior;Efficiency of Ingestion;Efficiency of Rumination;Fatty Acid;
 Cited by
Preliminary Study on Meat Quality of Goats Fed Levels of Licury Oil in the Diet,;;;;;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2011. vol.24. 8, pp.1112-1119 crossref(new window)
AOAC. 1990. Official methods of analysis. 15th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Virginia.

Barroso, D. D., G. G. L. Araujo, D. S. Silva and F. T. Medina. 2006. Residuo desidratado de vitivinicolas associado a diferentes fontes energeticas na alimentacao de ovinos: Consumo e Digestibilidade aparente. Ciencia e Agrotecnologia. 30:767-773. crossref(new window)

Beauchemin, K. A. and J. G. Buchanan-Smith. 1989. Effects of neutral detergent fiber concentration and suplementary long hay on chewing activities and milk production of dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 72:2288-2300. crossref(new window)

Borja, M. S., A. F. Garcez Neto, R. L. Oliveira, L. S. Lima, A. R.Bagaldo and L. P. Barbosa. 2009. Oleo de licuri no concentrado administrado a vacas Holandesas X Zebu, sobre o comportamento ingestivo e conforto termico. Revista Brasileira de Saude e Producao Animal. 10:344-355.

Borja, M. S., T. M. Silva, R. L. Oliveira, A. R. Bagaldo, M. D. Ribeiro, L. S. Bezerra and J. M. N. Barros. 2008. Digestibilidade de nutrientes em caprinos alimentados com torta de licuri. In: Congresso Nordestino de Producao Animal, Aracaju, Sergipe.

Brasil, L. H. A., F. S. Weshesler, F. Bacari Junior, H. C. Goncalvesand I. A Bonassi. 2000. Efeitos do Estresse Termico Sobre a Producao. Composicao Quimica do Leite e Respostas Termorreguladoras de Cabras da Raça Alpina. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia. 29:1632-1641. crossref(new window)

Buffington, D. E., A. Colazzo-Arocho and G. H. Canton. 1981. Black. globe humidity index (BGHI) as comfort equation for dairy cows. Transaction of the ASAE. [S.I]. 24:711-714. crossref(new window)

Burger, P. J., J. C. Pereira, A. C. Queiroz, J. F. Coelho da Silva, S.C. Valadares Filho, P. R. Cecon and A. D. P. Casali. 2000. Comportamento ingestivo em bezerros holandeses alimentados com dietas contendo diferentes níveis de concentrado. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia. 29:236-242. crossref(new window)

Cardoso, A. R., C. C. Pires, S. Carvalho, P. B. Galvani, F. Jochins,M. Hastenpflug and T. P. Wommer, 2006a. Comportamento ingestivo de cordeiros alimentados com dietas contendo diferentes níveis de fibra em detergente neutro. Ciencia Rural 36:604-609. crossref(new window)

Cardoso, A. R., C. C. Pires, S. Carvalho, P. B. Galvani, F. Jochins,M. Hastenpflug and T. P. Wommer. 2006b. Consumo de nutrientes e desempenho de cordeiros alimentados com dietas que contem diferentes níveis de fibra em detergente neutro. Ciencia Rural 36:215-221. crossref(new window)

Carvalho, G. G. P., A. J. V. Pires, R. R. Silva, L. S. O. Ribeiro andD. M. T. Chagas. 2008. Comportamento ingestivo de ovinos Santa Ines alimentados com dietas contendo farelo de cacau. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 37:660-665. crossref(new window)

CEI. 1994. Informacoes basicas dos municipios baianos. Centro de Estatistica e Informacoes. 14 edn. Paraguacu, Bahia, Brasil.

Costa, R. G., E. M. Beltrão Filho, A. N. Medeiros, P. E. N.Givisiez, R. C. R. E. Queiroga and A. A. S. Melo. 2009. Effects of increasing levels of cactus pear (Opuntia ficusindica L. Miller) in the diet of dairy goats and its contribution as a source of water. Small Rumin. Res. 82:62-65. crossref(new window)

Cunha, M. G. G., F. F. R. Carvalho, A. S. C. Veras and A. M. V.Batista. 2008. Desempenho e digestibilidade aparente em ovinos confinados alimentados com dietas contendo niveis crescentes de caroco de algodao integral. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 37:1103-1111. crossref(new window)

Dado, R. G. and M. S. Allen. 1994. Variation in and relationships among feeding, chewing and drinking variables for lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 77:132-144. crossref(new window)

Eifert, E. C., R. P. Lana, D. P. D. Lanna, R. M. A. Teixeira, P. B.Arcuri, M. I. Leao, M. V. M. Oliveira and S. C. Valadares Filho. 2006. Perfil de acidos graxos do leite de vacas alimentadas com oleo de soja e monensina no inicio da lactacao. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 35:219-228. crossref(new window)

Hashimoto, J. H., C. R. Alcalde, M. A. Zambom, K. T. Silva, F. A.F. Macedo, E. N. Martins, C. E. C. O. Ramos and G. O. Passianoto. 2007. Desempenho e digestibilidade aparente em cabritos Boer$\times$Saanen em confinamento recebendo racoes com casca do grao de soja em substituicao ao milho. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 36:174-182. crossref(new window)

Johnson, T. R. and D. K. Combs. 1991. Effects of prepartum diet. inert rumen bulk. anddietary polyethylene glycol on dry matter intake of lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 74:933-944. crossref(new window)

Jordan, E., D. K. Lovett, F. J. Manahan, J. Callan, B. Flynn and F.P. O’Mara. 2006. Effect of refined coconut oil or copra meal on methane output and on intake and performance of beef heifers. J. Anim. Sci. 84:162-170.

Licitra, G., T. M. Hernandez and P. J. Van Soest. 1996. Standardization of procedures of nitrogen fractionation of ruminant feeds. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 57:347-358. crossref(new window)

Lopez, S., J. Lopez and W. Stumpf Junior. 2007. Producao e composicao do leite e eficiencia alimentar de vacas da raca Jersey suplementadas com fontes lipídicas. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Produccion Animal 1:1-9.

Menezes. M. P. C., M. N. Ribeiro, R. G. Costa and A. N. Medeiros.2004. Substituicao do milho pela casca de mandioca (Manihot esculenta Crantz) em racoes completas para caprinos: Consumo. Digestibilidade de nutrientes e ganho de peso. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 33:729-737. crossref(new window)

Moraes, J. B., I. Susin, A. V. Pires, C. Q. Mendes, R. C. OliveiraJunior and I. U. Parker. 2006. Comportamento ingestivo de ovinos e digestibilidade aparente dos nutrientes de dietas contendo casca de soja. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira 41:1157-1164. crossref(new window)

National Research Council. 2007. Nutrient requirements of small ruminants. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

Oliveira, R. L., A. R. Bagaldo, M. M. Ladeira, M. A. A. F. Barbosa,R. L. Oliveira and S. M. P. L. Jaeger. 2009. Effects of dietary fat sources on intake, nutrient digestibility and plasma urea nitrogen for lactating water buffaloes. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 38:553-559, 2009. crossref(new window)

Palmquist, D. L. 1991. Influence of source and amount of dietary fat on digestibility in lactating cows. J. Dairy Sci. 74:1354-1360. crossref(new window)

Queiroga, R. C. R. E., M. O. Maia, A. N. Medeiros, R. G. Costa, R.A. G. Pereira and M. A. D. Bomfim. 2010. Production and chemical composition of the milk from crossbred Moxoto goats supplemented with licuri or castor oil. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 39:204-210.

Relling. A. E. and C. K. Reynolds. 2007. Feeding rumen-inert fats differing in their degree of saturation decreases intake and increases plasma concentrations of gut peptides in lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 90:1506-1515. crossref(new window)

Rodrigues-Ruiz, J. R., E-H. Belarbi, J. L. G. Sánches, et al. 1999. Rapid simultaneous lipid extraction and transesterification for fatty acid analises. Biotechnology Techniques 12:689-691.

Silva, H. G. O., A. J. V. Pires, F. F. Silva, C. M. Veloso, G. G. P.Carvalho, A. S. Cezário and C. C. Santos. 2005.Digestibilidade aparente de dietas contendo farelo de cacau ou torta de dendê em cabras lactantes. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 40:405-411.

Silva, G. A., B. B. Souza, C. E. P. Alfaro, E. M. N. Silva, S. A. Azevedo, J. Azevedo Neto and R. M. N. Silva. 2006. Efeito da epoca do ano e periodo do dia sobre os parametros fisiologicos de reprodutores caprinos no semi-arido paraibano. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental 10:903-909. crossref(new window)

Sniffen, C. J., J. D. O´Connor, P. J. Van Soest, D. G. Fox and J. B.Russell. 1992. A net carbohydrate and protein system for evaluating cattle diets. Carbohydrate and protein availability. J. Anim. Sci. 70:3562-3577.

Souza. B. B., E. D. Souza, M. F. Cezar, W. H. Souza, J. R. S.Santos and T. M. A. Benicio. 2008. Temperatura superficial e índice de tolerancia ao calor de caprinos de diferentes grupos raciais no semi-arido nordestino. Ciencia e Agrotecnologia 322:275-280.

Silva, R. G. and J. M. C. Starling. 2003. Evaporacao cutânea e respiratoria em ovinos sob altas temperaturas ambientes. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 32:1-6. crossref(new window)

Van Soest, P. J., J. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Metabolism and nutritional implications in dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. In: Symposium: carbohydrate methodology, Champaign. 74:3583-3597.

Weiss, W. P. 1993. Predicting energy values of feed. In: Symposium: prevailing concepts in energy utilization by ruminants. J. Dairy Sci. 76:1802-1811.

Yamamoto, S. M., F. A. Macedo, M. Zundt, A. A. Mexia, E. S.Sakaguti, G. B. L. Rocha, K. C. T. Regaconi and R. M. G. Macedo. 2005. Fontes de Oleo Vegetal na Dieta de Cordeiros em Confinamento. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 34:703-710. crossref(new window)