JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Feeding Methods of Total Mixed Ration on Behavior Patterns of Growing Hanwoo Steers
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Feeding Methods of Total Mixed Ration on Behavior Patterns of Growing Hanwoo Steers
Lee, Sang-Moo; Kim, Young-Il; Oh, Young-Kyoon; Kwak, Wan-Sup;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
A study was conducted to investigate the effects of methods of feeding a total mixed ration (TMR) on behavior patterns of growing Hanwoo steers. A total of 15 growing steers (13 months old) were assigned to the control (fed roughage and concentrate mix separately), TMR1 (fed restricted TMR), and TMR2 (fed TMR ad libitum) groups. Individual behaviors of steers were observed for 48 hours. Compared with the control, feeding restricted TMR (TMR1) resulted in short eating time, long ruminating time, short chewing time, high frequencies of defecation, urination, and drinking of water, great numbers of boluses and chews, long ruminating time per bolus, low feed value index, high eating and chewing efficiencies (p<0.05). Compared with feeding restricted TMR (TMR1), feeding TMR ad libitum (TMR2) resulted in 1.2 kg more daily feed DM intake, long eating and chewing times, short resting time, great frequencies of defecation, urination and drinking of water, more numbers of boluses and chews, long ruminating time per bolus, low feed value index, low eating and high ruminating efficiencies (p<0.05) and similar chewing efficiency (p>0.05). Considering all these results, the wet TMR feeding system induced generally more desirable eating and ruminating behaviors of growing Hanwoo steers, but made the barn floor wetter due to more defecation and urination.
 Keywords
Behavior;Rumination;Total Mixed Ration;Beef Cattle;Hanwoo;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Effects of Stocking Density or Group Size on Intake, Growth, and Meat Quality of Hanwoo Steers (Bos taurus coreanae),;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2012. vol.25. 11, pp.1553-1558 crossref(new window)
2.
Effect of Restricted Grazing Time on the Foraging Behavior and Movement of Tan Sheep Grazed on Desert Steppe,;;;;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2013. vol.26. 5, pp.711-715 crossref(new window)
3.
부산물사료 주원료 사일리지(Biosilage®) 급여가 거세 육성 한우의 행동양식에 미치는 영향,김영일;이상무;박근규;곽완섭;

한국초지조사료학회지, 2013. vol.33. 4, pp.290-297 crossref(new window)
4.
Effects of by-product feed-based silage on feeding, rumination, and excretion in growing Hanwoo heifers,;;;;;;

Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 2015. vol.57. 1, pp.3.1-3.6 crossref(new window)
1.
Effect of Feeding a By-product Feeds-based Silage (Biosilage®) on Behavior Pattern of Growing Hanwoo Steers, Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 2013, 33, 4, 290  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Effects of Pregnancy Stage on Eating Behaviors of Hanwoo Heifers (Bos taurus coreanae), Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 2016, 36, 1, 41  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Effects of by-product feed-based silage on feeding, rumination, and excretion in growing Hanwoo heifers, Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 2015, 57, 1  crossref(new windwow)
4.
Effect of Restricted Grazing Time on the Foraging Behavior and Movement of Tan Sheep Grazed on Desert Steppe, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2013, 26, 5, 711  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
AOAC. 2000. Official methods of analysis, 17th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington, DC, USA.

2.
Balch, C. C. 1971. Proposal to use time spent chewing as an index of the extent to which diets for ruminants possess the physical property of fibrous characteristic of roughages. Br. J. Nutr. 26:383-392. crossref(new window)

3.
Bartley, E. E. 1976. Bovine saliva: production and function of buffers in ruminant physiology and metabolism. Church and Dwight Co., Inc., New York. USA.

4.
Beauchemin, K. A. 1991. Effects of dietary neutral fiber concentration and alfalfa hay quality on chewing, rumen function, and milk production of dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3140-3151. crossref(new window)

5.
Beauchemin, K. A. and S. Buchanan. 1989. Effects of dietary neutral fiber concentration and supplementary long hay on chewing activities and milk production of dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 72:2288-2300. crossref(new window)

6.
Campling, R. C., M. Freer and C. C. Balch. 1966. Factors affecting the voluntary intake of food by cows. Br. J. Nutr. 17:263-272.

7.
Castle, M. E., W. C. Retter and J. N. Watson. 1979. Silage and milk production: comparisons between three silages of different chop lengths. Grass Forage Science 34:293-301. crossref(new window)

8.
Gill, S. S., H. R. Conrad and J. W. Hibbs. 1969. Relative rate of in vitro cellulose disappearance as a possible estimator of digestible dry matter intake. J. Dairy Sci. 52:1687-1690. crossref(new window)

9.
Harrison, J. H., R. E. Riley and K. A. Long. 1989. Effect of type and amount of buffer addition to grass silage-based total mixed ration on milk production and composition. J. Dairy Sci. 72:1824-1825. crossref(new window)

10.
Jaster, E. H. and M. R. Murphy. 1983. Effects of varying particle size of forage on digestion and chewing behavior of dairy heifers. J. Dairy Sci. 66:810.

11.
Jeon, B. T., S. H. Moon, Y. J. Kwon and W. S. Kwak. 2001. Effect of supplementary level of fermented broiler litter on the dry matter intake, digestibility and nitrogen balance in female spotted deer (Cervus Nippon). Korean J. Anim. Sci. 43(5)730-731.

12.
Jeon, B. T., I. H. Park, S. M. Lee, K. H. Kim, J. S. Kim and J. C. Son. 1997. The effect of different fiber sources on chewing behavior of Korean native cattle. Korean J. Anim. Sci. 39(4):385-388.

13.
Kato, K., Y. Kajima, M. Odashima, L. S. Lee, K. T. Nam, H. Chiga,Y. Shoji, M. Otha and Y. Sasaki. 1989. Feed passage and digestibility in Japanese deer and sheep. Research report of Kawatabi experimental station 5:59-62.

14.
Kellems, R., O. R. Jones, D. Andrus and M. V. Wallentine. 1991. Effect of moisture in total mixed rations on feed consumption and milk production and composition in Holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci. 74:929-932. crossref(new window)

15.
Ki, K. S., H. S. Kim, H. Y. Jeong, H. J. Lee, B. S. Ahn, J. S. Kim,S. W. Kwang, Y. K. Kim and J. K. Ha. 2003. The survey of particle of total mixed ration in Korea. Korean J. Anim. Sci. Technol. 5(5):813-818.

16.
Kim, C. M., B. S. Lee and T. Y. Chung. 1994. Influence of cutting length of ammoniated barley straw on the eating and ruminating behavior of Korean native cattle. Korean J. Anim. Sci. 36(5)487-493.

17.
Kononoff, P. J. and A. J. Heinrichs. 2003. The effect of reducing alfalfa haylage particle size on cows in early lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 86:1445-1457. crossref(new window)

18.
Lammers, B. P., D. R. Buckmaster and A. J. Heinrichs. 1996. A simple method for the analysis of particle sizes of forage and total mixed rations. J. Dairy Sci. 79:922-928. crossref(new window)

19.
Lee, S. M., J. H. Hwang, Y. B. Yoon, W. S. Kwak, Y. I. Kim, S. H.Moon and B. T. Jeon. 2008. Effects of spent mushroom substrates addition on eating behavior of growing Hanwoo. Korean J. Grassl. Forage Sci. 28(2):107-118. crossref(new window)

20.
Lee, W. S., B. S. Lee, S. C. Lee, S. S. Lee, S. Y. Lee, D. Y. Lee andJ. K. Ha. 2004a. Effects of rice straw and rice hull supplement on rumination and chewing behavior in Hanwoo steers. Korean J. Anim. Sci. 46(1):49-54. crossref(new window)

21.
Lee, W. S., B. S. Lee, Y. K. Oh, S. W. Kang, S. S. Lee and J. K. Ha.2004b. Effects of concentrate to roughage ratios on duration and frequencies of rumination and chewing in Hanwoo steers. Korean J. Anim. Sci. 46(1):55-60. crossref(new window)

22.
Luginbuhl, J. M., K. R. Pond, J. C. Burns and J. C. Russ. 1989. Eating and ruminating behavior of steers fed bermudagrass hay at four levels. J. Anim. Sci. 67:3410-3418.

23.
Martz, F. A. and R. L. Belyea. 1986. Role of particle size and forage quality in digestion and passage by cattle and sheep. J. Dairy Sci. 69:1996-2008. crossref(new window)

24.
Nocek, J. E., R. E. Steele and D. G. Braund. 1986. Performance of dairy cows fed forage and grain separately versus a total mixed ration. J. Dairy Sci. 69:2140-2147. crossref(new window)

25.
Okine, E. K. and G. W. Mathison. 1991. Effects of feed intake on particle distribution, passage of digesta, and extent of digestion in the gastrointestinal tract of cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 69:3435-3445.

26.
Pond, K. R., W. C. Ellis and D. E. Akin. 1984. Ingestive mastication and fragmentation. J. Anim. Sci. 58:1567-1574.

27.
Reid, C. S. W., J. W. Lyttleton and J. L. Mangan. 1962. Bloat in cattle. Part XXIV. A method of measuring the effectiveness of chewing in the release of plant cell contents from ingested feed. N.Z. J. Agric. Res. 5:237-248. crossref(new window)

28.
Ryu, Y. W., Y. D. Ko and S. M. Lee. 1998. Effects of feeding rice straw silage made with apple pomace, sesame oil meal and cage layer excreta on growth rate, eating behavior and economical efficiency in Korean native cattle. Korean J. Anim. Sci. 40(3):240-242.

29.
SAS. 2002. SAS/STAT software for PC. Release 9.1, SAS Institute Inc. Cary, NC, USA.

30.
Shaver, R. D., A. J. Nytes, L. D. Satter and N. A. Jorgensen. 1986.Influence of feed intake, forage physical form on digestion and passage of pre-bloom alfalfa hay in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 69:1545-1559. crossref(new window)

31.
Uden, P. 1987. The effect of grinding and pelleting hay on digestibility, fermentation rate, digesta passage and rumen and faecal particle size in cows. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 19:145-157.

32.
Weston, R. H. and P. M. Kennedy. 1984. Various aspects of reticulorumen digestive function in relation to diet and digesta particle size. In: Proc. Techniques in Particle Size Analysis of Feed and Digesta in Ruminants (Ed. P. M. Kennedy). pp 1-17. Can. Soc. Anim. Sci., Edmonton, AB, Canada.

33.
Woodford, J. A., N. A. Jorgensen and G. P. Barrington. 1986. Impact of dietary fiber and physical form on performance of lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 69:1035-1047. crossref(new window)