Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Mineral Retention in Young Broiler Chicks Fed Diets Based on Wheat, Sorghum or Maize
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Mineral Retention in Young Broiler Chicks Fed Diets Based on Wheat, Sorghum or Maize
Thomas, D.V.; Ravindran, V.;
  PDF(new window)
The aim of the present study was to determine the changes in mineral retention of broiler chicks fed diets based on wheat, sorghum or maize during the first two weeks post-hatch. The retention of five major minerals (calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium and magnesium) and four trace minerals (iron, manganese, zinc and copper) was determined on days 3, 5, 7, 9 and 14 of age. The retention coefficients of individual minerals differed widely and the retention coefficients of major minerals were found to be considerably higher than those of trace minerals. Age effects were significant (p<0.05) for all minerals. In general, mineral retention coefficients were highest at day 3, declined to day 7, and remained unchanged to day 14. Decline in mineral retention with age was similar on all three diets. The cereal effect was significant (p<0.05) for several minerals, with a general tendency for the sorghum-based diet to have greater retention than maize- or wheat-based diets.
 Cited by
Development of a Procedure to Determine Standardized Mineral Availabilities in Soybean Meal for Broiler Chicks, Biological Trace Element Research, 2012, 148, 1, 32  crossref(new windwow)
AOAC. 2005. Official methods of analysis of AOAC International, Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 18th Edition. Gaithersburg, MD

Ahmad, T. and M. Sarwar. 2006. Dietary electrolyte balance: implications in heat stressed broilers. Worlds Poult. Sci. J. 62:638-653

Bao, Y. M. and M. Choct. 2009. Trace mineral nutrition for broiler chickens and prospects of application of organically complexed trace minerals: a review. Anim. Prod. Sci. 49:269-282 crossref(new window)

Batal, A. B. and C. M. Parsons. 2002. Effects of age on nutrient digestibility in chicks fed different diets. Poult. Sci. 81:400-407

Batal, A. B. and C. M. Parsons. 2004. Utilization of various carbohydrate sources as affected by age in the chick. Poult. Sci. 83:1140-1147

Leeson, S. 2005. Trace mineral requirements of poultry-Validity of NRC recommendations. In: Re-defining mineral nutrition (Ed. J. A. Taylor-Pickard and L. A. Tucker). Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK. pp. 107-117

Lim, H. S., I. K. Paik, T. I. Sohn and W. Y. Kim. 2006. Effects of supplementing copper chelates in the form of methionine. Chitosan and yeast on the performance of broilers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:1322-1327

Murakami, H., Y. Akiba and M. Horiguchi. 1992. Growth and utilization of nutrients in newly-hatched chick with or without removal of residual yolk. Growth Dev. Aging. 56:75-84

NRC. 1994. Nutrient requirements of domestic animals. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry, 9th rev. ed., National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington DC

Paik, I. K. 2001. Management of excretion of phosphorus, nitrogen and pharmacological level minerals to reduce environmental pollution from animal production - A review. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14:384-394

Paik, I-K. 2003. Application of phytase, microbial or plan origin, to reduce phosphorus excretion in poultry production. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:124-135

Ravindran, V., W. L. Bryden and E. T. Kornegay. 1995. Phytates: occurrence, bioavailability and implications in poultry nutrition. Poult. Avian Biol. Rev. 6:125-143

Ravindran, V., P. C. H. Morel, G. G. Partridge, M. Hruby and J. S. Sands. 2006. Influence of Escherichia coli-derived phytase on nutrient utilization in broiler starters fed diets containing varying concentrations of phytic acid. Poult. Sci. 85:82-89

SAS. 1997. SAS/STAT$^{{\circledR}}$ User's Guide: Statistics. Version 6.12. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC

Selle, P. H. and V. Ravindran. 2007. Microbial phytase in poultry nutrition. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 135:1-41 crossref(new window)

Selle, P. H., V. Ravindran, P. H. Pittolo and W. L. Bryden. 2003a. Effect of phytase supplementation of diets, with two tiers of nutrient specifications, on growth performance and protein efficiency ratios of broiler chickens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:1158-1164

Selle, P. H., V. Ravindran, G. Ravindran, P. H. Pittolo and W. L. Bryden. 2003b. Influence of phytase and xylanase supplementation on the performance and nutrient utilisation of broilers fed wheat-based diets. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:394-402

Selle, P. H., V. Ravindran, G. Ravindran and W. L. Bryden. 2007. Effects of dietary lysine and microbial phytase on growth performance and nutrient utilisation of broiler chickens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20:1100-1108

Spears, J. W. 1999. Re-evaluation of the metabolic essentiality of the minerals (A review). Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 12:1002-1008

Swiatkiewicz, S., J. Koreleski and D. Zhong. 2001. The bioavailability of zinc from inorganic and organic sources in broiler chickens as affected by addition of phytase. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 10:317-328

Thomas, D. V., V. Ravindran and G. Ravindran. 2008. Nutrient utilisation of diets based on wheat, sorghum or maize by the newly hatched broiler chick. Br. Poult. Sci. 49:429-435 crossref(new window)

Underwood, E. J. and N. F. Suttle. 1999. The mineral nutrition of livestock. 3rd ed. CABI Publishing, New York, NY

Viveros, A., A. Brenes, I. Arija and C. Centenot. 2002. Effects of microbial phytase supplementation on mineral utilisation and serum enzyme activities of broiler chicks fed different levels of phosphorus. Poult. Sci. 81:1172-1183

Zelenka, J. 1968. Influence of the age of chickens on the metabolisable energy values of poultry diets. Br. Poult. Sci. 9:135-142 crossref(new window)