Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Evaluation of a Dietary Organic Selenium Supplement at Different Dietary Protein Concentrations on Growth Performance, Body Composition and Antioxidative Status of Broilers Reared under Heat Stress
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Evaluation of a Dietary Organic Selenium Supplement at Different Dietary Protein Concentrations on Growth Performance, Body Composition and Antioxidative Status of Broilers Reared under Heat Stress
Khajali, Fariborz; Raei, Ali; Aghaei, Ali; Qujeq, Dordi;
  PDF(new window)
Three hundred chicks were randomly assigned among four treatments to evaluate the effect of an organic selenium supplement at various levels of dietary protein. Two levels of supplemental selenium (0 and 0.3 mg/kg) from zinc-L-selenomethionine were tested at two levels of dietary protein (normal and reduced) in a completely randomized design with factorial layout. The experiment lasted up to 49 d of age during which all birds were exposed to . The effects of selenium or its interaction with CP on growth performance and carcass characteristics were not significant. However, feeding the reduced-CP diet decreased weight gain in the starting period and increased liver and abdominal fat weights relative to body weight. Ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) was not significantly affected by dietary CP and Se or their interaction though FRAP values were numerically higher in the Se-supplemented group. Dietary CP content did not affect the activity of plasma glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx), though Se significantly elevated plasma GSHPx activity. The interaction of CP and Se was not significant for FRAP and plasma GSHPx activity.
 Cited by
AOAC. 1995. Official methods of analysis. 16th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Virginia

Bannister, D. W., I. E. Onell and C. C. Whitehead. 1983. The effect of biotin deficiency and dietary protein content on lipogenesis, gluconeogenesis and related enzyme activities in chick liver. Br. J. Nutr. 50:291-302 crossref(new window)

Bartov, I. and I. Plavnik. 1998. Moderate excess of dietary protein increases breast meat yield of broiler chicks. Poult. Sci. 77: 680-688

Baziz, H. A., P. A. Geraert, J. C. F. Padilha and S. Guillaumin. 1996. Chronic heat exposure enhances fat deposition and modifies muscle and fat partition in broiler carcasses. Poult. Sci. 75:505-513

Benzie, I. F. F. and J. J. Strain. 1996. The reducing ability of plasma as a measure of antioxidant power- the FRAP assay. Anal. Biochem. 239:70-76 crossref(new window)

Brake, J., D. Balnave and J. J. Dibner. 1998. Optimum dietary arginine: lysine ratio for broiler chickens is altered during heat stress in association with changes in intestinal uptake and sodium chloride. Br. Poult. Sci. 39:639-647 crossref(new window)

Chamruspollert, G., M. Pesti and R. I. Bakalli. 2004. Influence of temperature on the arginine and methionine requirements of young broiler chicks. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 13:628-638

Choct, M., A. J. Naylor and N. Reinke. 2004. Selenium supplementation affects broiler growth performance, meat yield and feather coverage. Br. Poult. Sci. 45:677-683 crossref(new window)

Donker, R. A., M. G. B. Nieuwland and A. J. Van der Zijpp. 1990. Heat-stress influences on antibody production in chicken lines selected for high and low immune responsiveness. Poult. Sci. 69:599-607

Gonzalez-Esquerra, R. and S. Leeson. 2005. Effects of acute versus chronic heat stress on broiler response to dietary protein. Poult. Sci. 84:1562-1569

Grizard, J., D. Dardevet, I. Papet, L. Mosoni, P. Patureau-Mirand and D. Attaix. 1995. Nutrient regulation of skeletal muscle protein metabolism in animals. The involvement of hormones and substrates. Nutr. Res. Rev. 8:67-91 crossref(new window)

Hill, F. W. and D. L. Anderson. 1958. Comparison of metabolizable energy and productive energy determinations with growing chicks. J. Nutr. 64:587-603

Jensen, L. S. 1989. Relationship between protein and amino acid requirements of poultry. Proceedings of Georgia Nutrition Conference for Feed Industry. Nov. 8-10. Atlanta, GA

Jianhua, H., A. Ohtsuka and K. Hayashi. 2000. Selenium influences growth via thyroid hormone status in broiler chickens. Br. J. Nutr. 84:727-732

Khajali, F., E. Asadi Khashouie, S. K. Dehkordi and M. Hematian. 2008. Production performance and egg quality of Hy-line W36 laying hens fed reduced-protein diets at constant total sulfur amino acids to lysine ratio. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 17:390-397 crossref(new window)

Malheiros, R. D., V. M. B. Moraes, A. Collin, G. P. J. Janssens, E. Decuypere and J. Buyse. 2003. Dietary macronutrients, endocrine functioning and intermediary metabolism in broiler chickens: Pair wise substitutions between protein, fat and carbohydrate. Nutr. Res. 23:567-578 crossref(new window)

Mallis, R. J., M. J. Hamann, W. Zhao, T. Zhang, S. Hendrich and J. A. Thomas. 2002. Irreversible thiol oxidation in carbonic anhydrase III: protection by S-glutathiolation and detection in aging rats. Biol. Chem. 383:649-662 crossref(new window)

Mates, J. M., J. C. Aledo, A. Perez-Gomez, E. Del Valle and M. Segura. 2000. Intrrelationship between oxidative damage and antioxidant enzyme activities: an easy and rapid experimental approach. Biochem. Educ. 28:93-95 crossref(new window)

Muramatsu, T. 1990. Nutrition and whole-body protein turnover in the chicken in relation to mammalian species. Nutr. Res. Rev. 3:211-228 crossref(new window)

National Research Council. 1994. Nutrient requirements for poultry. 9th Rev. Edi, National Academy Press,

Ozkan, S., H. Basmacioglu, S. Malayoglu, S. Yalcin, F. Kardas, S. Kosturk, M. Cabuk, G. Oktay, S. Ozdemir, E. Ozdemir and M. Ergul. 2007. Dietary vitamin E ($\alpha$-toopherol acetate) and selenium supplementation from different sources: performance, ascites-related variables and antioxidant status in broilers reared at low and optimum temperatures. Br. Poult. Sci. 48:580-593 crossref(new window)

Payne, R. L. and L. L. Southern. 2005. Changes in glutathione peroxidase and tissue selenium concentrations of broilers after consuming a diet adequate in selenium. Poult. Sci. 84:1268-1276

Placha, I., R. Borutova, L. Gresakova, V. Petrovic, S. Faix and L. Leng. 2008. Effects of excessive selenium supplementation to diet contaminated with deoxynivalenol on blood phagocytic activity and antioxidative status of broilers. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 92:1-8

Rosebrough, R. W., J. P. McMurtry and R. Vasilatos-Younken. 1999. Dietary fat and protein interactions in the broiler. Poult. Sci. 78:992-998

Sahin, K., N. Sahin, M. Sar and M. F. Gursu. 2002. Effects of vitamins E and A supplementation on lipid peroxidation and concentration of some mineral in broilers reared under heat stress (32${^{\circ}C}$). Nutr. Res. 22:723-731 crossref(new window)

Surai, P. F. 2002. Selenium in poultry nutrition 1. Antioxidant properties deficiency and toxicity. World's Poult. Sci. J. 58:333-347 crossref(new window)

Surai, P. F. and J. E. Dvorska. 2001. Is organic selenium better than inorganic sources? Feed Mix 9:8-10

Swennen, Q., G. P. Janssens, S. Millet, G. Vansant, E. Decuypere and J. Buyse. 2005. Effects of substitution between fat and protein on feed intake and its regulatory mechanisms in broiler chickens: endocrine functioning and intermediary metabolism. Poult. Sci. 84:1051-1057

Upton, J. R., F. W. Edens and P. P. Ferket. 2009. The effects of dietary oxidized fat and selenium source on performance, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase activity in broiler chickens. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 18:193-202 crossref(new window)

Vadhanavikit, S., and H. E. Ganther. 1994. Increased malic enzyme activity in selenium-deficient rat liver. J. Nutr. Biochem. 5:314-316 crossref(new window)

Yoon, I., T. M. Werner and J. M. Butler. 2007. Effect of source and concentration of selenium on growth performance and selenium retention in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 86:727-730