JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Individuals and Behaviors on Acoustic Features of Ultrasonic Vocalizations in Rats
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Individuals and Behaviors on Acoustic Features of Ultrasonic Vocalizations in Rats
Jeon, J.H.; Song, J.I.; Jeon, B.S.; Kwag, J.H.; Park, K.H.; Kang, H.S.; Kim, D.H.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The goal of this study was to investigate how spectrographic features of ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) in rats vary among individuals and behaviors. Eighteen pairs of rats were allocated to individual pair cages. Each pair's behaviors and vocalizations were recorded during the 900s a known cage-mate was returning to the cage. The effects of individuals, behaviors, and the interaction between individuals and behaviors () were tested on the duration and peak frequencies. There was difference in the duration and peak frequency: i) among individuals (p<0.0001 and p<0.0001, respectively); ii) among behaviors (p = 0.0667 and p<0.0001, respectively); iii) among individualsbehaviors (p<0.0001 and p<0.0001, respectively). The frequency of ultrasonic vocalizations changed with a frequency ranging from 40 to 71 kHz which were emitted by individuals, whereas the frequency of ultrasonic vocalizations changed with a frequency ranging from 60 to 70 kHz which were emitted by behaviors. The peak frequency of call on 'contact' behavior was lower than that of call on other behaviors, but call duration of call on 'contact' was longer than on other behaviors. Especially, 40 kHz calls were found on 'contact' and 'other' behaviors. We suggest that ultrasonic vocalizations need to be subdivided and the effects of individuals and behaviors must be considered to assess emotional state of rats because these may influence the features of ultrasonic vocalizations.
 Keywords
Ultrasonic Vocalization;Acoustic Feature;Rat, Individual;Behavior;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Blanchard, R. J., D. C. Blanchard, R. Agullana and S. M. Weiss. 1991. Twenty-two kHz alarm cries to presentation of a predator, by laboratory rats living in visible burrow systems. Physiol. Behav. 50(5):967-972 crossref(new window)

2.
Brudzynski, S. M., F. Bihari, D. Ocipa and X. Fu. 1993. Analysis of 22 kHz ultrasonic vocalization in laboratory rats: Long and short calls. Physiol. Behav. 54:215-221 crossref(new window)

3.
Brudzynski, S. M., P. Kehoe and M. Callahan. 1999. Sonographic structure of isolation-induced ultrasonic calls of rat pups. Dev. Psychobiol. 34:195-204 crossref(new window)

4.
Brudzynski, S. M. and A. Pniak. 2002. Social contacts and production of 50 kHz short ultrasonic calls in adult rats. J. Comp. Psychol. 116(1):73-82 crossref(new window)

5.
Burman, O. H. P., A. Ilyat, G. Jones and M. Mendl. 2007. Ultrasonic vocalizations as indicators of welfare for laboratory rats (Rattus norvegicus). Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 104:116-129 crossref(new window)

6.
Burgdorf, J., P. L. Wood, R. A. Kroes, J. R. Moskal and J. Panksepp. 2007. Neurobioligy of 50 kHz ultrasonic vocalizations in rats: Electrode mapping, lesion, and pharmacology studies. Behav. Brain Res. 182(2):274-283 crossref(new window)

7.
Burgdorf, J. and J. Panksepp. 2006. The neurobioligy of positive emotions. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 30(2):173-187 crossref(new window)

8.
Callahan, M., P. Kehoe and S. M. Brudzynski. 1996. The effect of cholinergic stimulation on rat pup vocalizations. Dev. Psychobiol. 29:281

9.
Calvino, B., J. M. Besson, A. Boehrer and A. Depaulis. 1996. Ultrasonic vocalization (22-28 kHz) in a model of chronic pain, the arthritic rat: effects of analgesic drugs. Neuroreport 7:581-584 crossref(new window)

10.
Dinh, H., A. Larkinm, L. Gatlin and E. Piepmeier. 1999. Rat ultrasonic model for measuring pain resulting from intramuscularly injected microbials. PDA J. Pharm. Sci. Technol. 53:40-43

11.
Fu, X. W. and S. M. Brudzynski. 1994. High-frequency ultrasonic vocalization induced by intracerebral glutamate in rats. Pharmachol. Biochem. Behav. 49:835-841 crossref(new window)

12.
Jourdan, D., D. Ardid, E. Chapuy, A. Eschalier and D. Le Bars. 1995. Audible and ultrasonic vocalization elicited by single electrical nociceptive stimuli to the tail in the rat. Pain 63:Jourdan, D., D. Ardid, E. Chapuy, A. Eschalier and D. Le Bars. 1995. Audible and ultrasonic vocalization elicited by single electrical nociceptive stimuli to the tail in the rat. Pain 63:237-249 crossref(new window)

13.
Kaltwasser, M. T. 1990. Startle-inducing acoustic stimuli evoke ultrasonic vocalization in the rat. Physiol. Behav. 48:13-17 crossref(new window)

14.
Kehoe, P., M. Callahan, A. Daigle, K. Mallinson and S. Brudzynski. 2001. The effect of cholinergic stimulation on rat pup ultrasonic vocalizations. Dev. Psychobiol. 38:92-100 crossref(new window)

15.
Knutson, B., J. Burdorf and J. Panksepp. 1998. Anticipation of play elicits high-frequency ultrasonic vocalizations in young rats. J. Comp. Psychol. 112:65-73 crossref(new window)

16.
Knutson, B., J. Burgdorf and J. Panksepp. 1999. High-frequency ultrasonic vocalizations index conditioned pharmacological reward in rats. Physiol. Behav. 66:639-643 crossref(new window)

17.
Knutson, B., J. Burgdorf and J. Panksepp. 2002. Ultrasonic vocalizations as indices of affective states in rats. Psychol. Bull. 128(6):961-997 crossref(new window)

18.
Miczek, K. A., W. Tornatzky and J. Vivian. 1991. Ethology and neuropharmacology: Rodent ultrasonics (Ed. B. Olivier, J. Mos, and J. L. Slangen). Animal models

19.
Niel, L. and D. Weary. 2006. Behavioral responses of rats to gradual-fill carbon dioxide euthanasia and reduce oxygen concentrations. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 100:295-308 crossref(new window)

20.
Noirot, E. 1968. Ultrasounds in young rodents: II. Changes with age in albino rats. Anim. Behav. 16:129-134 crossref(new window)

21.
Paredes, R. G. and A. Alonso. 1997. Sexual behavior regulated (paced) by the female induces conditioned place preference. Behav. Neurosci. 111(1):123-128 crossref(new window)

22.
Portavella, M., A. Depaulis and M. Vergnes. 1993. 22-28 kHz ultrasonic vocalizations associated with defensive reactions in male rats do not result from fear or aversion. Psychopharmacology 111:190-194 crossref(new window)

23.
Sales, G. D. 1972. Ultrasonic and aggressive behavior in rats and other small mammals. Anim. Behav. 20:88-100 crossref(new window)

24.
Sales, G. D. and P. Pye. 1974. Ultrasonic in rodents (Ed. G. D. Sales and P. Pye). Ultrasonic communicaton by animals. Chapman and Hall, London. pp. 149-201

25.
Sales, G. D. 1979. Strain differences in the ultrasonic behavior of rats (Rattus norvegicus). Am. Zool. 19:513-529 crossref(new window)

26.
SAS Institute. 2000. SAS/STAT User's Guide. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC

27.
van der Poel, A. M., E. J. K. Noach and K. A. Miczek. 1989. Temporal patterning of ultrasonic distress calls in the adult rat:Effects of morphine and benodiazepines. Psychopharmacology (Berlin). 97:147-148 crossref(new window)

28.
Wohr, M., B. Houx, R. K. W. Schwarting and B. Spruijt. 2008. Effects of experience and context on 50 kHz vocalizations in rats. Physiol. Behav. 93(4-5):766-776 crossref(new window)