JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Dietary Supplementation with Blended Essential Oils on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Blood Profiles and Fecal Characteristics in Weanling Pigs
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Dietary Supplementation with Blended Essential Oils on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Blood Profiles and Fecal Characteristics in Weanling Pigs
Huang, Y.; Yoo, J.S.; Kim, H.J.; Wang, Y.; Chen, Y.J.; Cho, J.H.; Kim, I.H.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The influence of dietary supplementation with blended essential oil on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood profiles and fecal characteristics was evaluated in 125 crossed ((Duroc Yorkshire) Landrace) pigs (6.210.20 kg initial body weight and 21 d average age). The pigs were allotted to the following treatments: i) NC (antibiotic free diet), ii) PC (NC diet+44 ppm tylosin), iii) T1 (NC diet+0.1% essential oil), iv) T2 (NC diet+0.1% essential oil (with 0.3% Benzoic acid)) and v) T3 (NC+22 ppm tylosin and 0.05% essential oil). Average daily gain (ADG) was improved in the T2 group on d 14 (p<0.05). In addition, nutrient digestibility was partially affected (both positively and negatively) by the treatments. Furthermore, the immune system was stimulated and the fecal pH and fecal noxious gases were improved in pigs that received the diets supplemented with essential oil (p<0.05). The appearance and score of diarrhea also tended to be lower in pigs that were subjected to the essential oil treatments. Collectively, the results of this study indicate that supplementation of the diet with blended essential oils could replace treatment with antibiotics to improve growth performance and fecal characteristics.
 Keywords
Essential Oil;Fecal Characteristic;Growth Performance;Weanling Pig;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Evaluation of Houttuynia cordata and Taraxacum officinale on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Blood Characteristics, and Fecal Microbial Shedding in Diet for Weaning Pigs,;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2012. vol.25. 10, pp.1439-1444 crossref(new window)
2.
Effect of Eugenol and Cinnamaldehyde on the Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Blood Characteristics, Fecal Microbial Shedding and Fecal Noxious Gas Content in Growing Pigs,;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2012. vol.25. 8, pp.1178-1183 crossref(new window)
3.
Effects of Resveratrol and Essential Oils on Growth Performance, Immunity, Digestibility and Fecal Microbial Shedding in Challenged Piglets,;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2013. vol.26. 5, pp.683-690 crossref(new window)
4.
Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Procyanidin on Growth Performance and Immune Response in Pigs,;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2014. vol.27. 1, pp.131-139 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
Aarnink, A. J. A., A. L. Sutton, T. T. Canh, M. W. A. Verstegen and D. J. Langhont. 1998. Dietary factors affecting ammonia and odour release from pig manure. In: Biotechnology in the feed industry (Ed. T. P. Lyons and K. A. Jacques), Proc. of Alltech's Fourteenth Annual Symposium. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK. pp. 45-59

2.
AOAC. 1995. Official Methods of Analysis. 16th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Virginia

3.
Cho, J. H., Y. J. Chen, B. J. Min and H. J. Kim. 2006. Effect of essential oils supplementation on growth performance, IgG concentration and fecal noxious concertration of weaned pig. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:2607-2611

4.
Demetzos, C., H. Katerinopoulos, A. Kouvarakis, N. Stratigakis, A. Loukis, C. Ekonomakis, V. Spiliotis and J. Tsaknis. 1997. Composition, antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Cistus creticus subsp. eriocephalus. Planta Med. 63:477-479 crossref(new window)

5.
FDA. 2004. Food and Drug Administration of the US, 21 CFR 184. Online. Available at: http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/eafus.html

6.
Hirasa, K. and M. Takemasa. 1998. Spice science technology. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, USA

7.
Holden, P. J. and J. D. McKean. 2002. Botanicals for nursery pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 80(Suppl. 1):41(Abstr.)

8.
Hong, J. W., I. H. Kim, O. S. Kwon, B. J. Min, W. B. Lee and K. S. Shon. 2004. Influences of plant extract supplementation on performance and blood characteristics in weaned pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17(3):374-378

9.
Janssen, A. M., N. L. Chin, J. J. M. Scheffer and A. Baerheim-Svendsen. 1986. Screening for antimicrobial activity of some essential oils by the agar overlay technique. Pharm. Weekbl. Sci. Ed. 8:289-292 crossref(new window)

10.
Kamel, C. 2001. Tracing modes of action and the roles of plant extracts in non-ruminants. Recent advances in animal nutrition. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham

11.
Kiarie, E., C. M. Nyachoti, B. A. Slominski and G. Blank. 2007. Growth performance, gastrointestinal microbial activity and nutrient digestibility in early weaned pigs fed diets containing flaxseed and carbohydrase enzyme. J. Anim. Sci. doi. 10:2527

12.
Kiene, R. P. and M. E. Hines. 1995. Microbial formation of dimethyl sulfide in anoxic sphagnum peat. Appl. Envir. Microbiol. 61:2720-2726

13.
K$\ddot{o}$hler, B. 1997. Bericht der mikrobiologischen Untersuchungen bei der Erprobung der Wirsamkeit von essential oil HC 737 im Vergleich zum kon ventionellen Leistungdf$\ddot{o}$rderer auf die Mastlestung beim broiler unter Praxisbedingungen. CR cocstract AKZO NOBEL, Staatliches Veterin$\ddot{a}$r-und Lebensmitteluntersuchungsamt Potsdam

14.
Kyriakis, S. C., K. Sarris, S. Lekkas, A. C. Tsinas, C. Giannakopoulos, C. Alexopoulos and K. Saoulidis. 1998. Control of post weaning diarroea syndrome of piglets by infeed application of origanum essential oils. Proceedings of the 15th IPVS Congress. Vol. 3:218

15.
Lien, T. F., Y. M. Horng and C. P. Wu. 2007. Feasibility of replacing antibiotic feed promoters with the Chinese traditional herbal medicine Bazhen in weaned piglets. Livest. Prod. Sci. 107:97-102 crossref(new window)

16.
Lis-Balchin, M. and S. G Deans. 1997. Bioactivity of selected plant essential oils against Listeria monocytogenes. J. Appl. Microbiol. 82:759-762 crossref(new window)

17.
National Research Council. 1998. Nutrient Requirement of Swine. 10th Ed. National Academy Press. Washington, DC

18.
SAS Institute Inc. 1996. SAS User’s Guide: Release 6.12 edn. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, North Carolina

19.
Silvia, P. and J. Asensio. 2002. Additive for performance: Organic acids plus botanicals. Feed International 3:17-19

20.
Spoelstra, S. F. 1980. Origin of objectionable odorous components in piggery wastes and the possibility of applying indicator components for studying odour development. Agric. Env. 5:241-260 crossref(new window)

21.
van Zeeland, A. J. A. M., G. M. den Brock and M. G. A. M. van Asseldonk. 2000. Ammonia emission of large groups of weaned piglets on a floor area of 0.4 m2 per piglet. In: Research Reports 1999. Research Institute for Pig Husbandry. Rosmalen, The Netherlands. pp. 35

22.
Wallace, R. J. 2004. Antimicrobial properties of plant secondary metabolites. Proc. Nutr. Soc. 63:621-629

23.
Wenk, C. 2003. Herbs and botanicals as feed additives in monogastric animals. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:282-289

24.
Whitney, M. H., R. Nicolai and G. C. Shurson. 1999. Effects of feeding low sulfur starter diets on growth performance of early weaned pigs and odor, hydrogen sulfide, and ammonia emissions in nursery rooms. J. Anim. Sci. 77(Suppl. 1):70