JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Growth, Behavior, and Carcass Traits of Fattening Hanwoo (Korean Native Cattle) Steers Managed in Different Group Sizes
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Growth, Behavior, and Carcass Traits of Fattening Hanwoo (Korean Native Cattle) Steers Managed in Different Group Sizes
Lia, S.G.; Yang, Y.X.; Rhee, Y.J.; Jang, W.J.; Ha, J.J.; Lee, S.K.; Song, Y.H.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study was conducted to evaluate growth, behavior and carcass traits of fattening Hanwoo (Korean native cattle) steers managed in different group sizes. A total of 48 animals, 6 months of age, were allocated to one of three group sizes and the experiment was conducted from 12 to 30 months of age. Groups were balanced for weight and the group sizes consisted of 4, 8, or 12 steers which were named 4sG, 8sG and 12sG, respectively. When animals were 12 months of age, initial fasted body weight (BW, ) was measured. All animals were housed at a constant space allowance of per animal, and a feeder and drinker were provided per 4 animals. The whole fattening stage was divided into three phases: phase I (from 12 to 18 month of age), phase II (from 19 to 24 month of age), and phase III (from 25 to 30 month of age). Steers managed in 12sG showed low (p<0.05) growth rate and feed conversion rate (FCR) in phase I and phase II when compared to other treatment groups. However, this difference was not observed for the whole fattening phase (p>0.05). Steers managed in 4sG had a thick (p<0.05) ultrasound back fat thickness at 15 and 18 months of age. However, group size had no effect on meat yield and quality traits of area and marbling score. Animals managed in 8sG yielded a better meat grade of "A" than the "B" grade in other treatment group sizes. Lean color, fat color, firmness and maturity scores did not differ among group sizes. Hanwoo steers housed under 12sG spent less time on eating concentrate, relevant higher eating rate, less frequency of allogrooming, and more time on walking (p<0.05). It could be concluded that a large group size retarded growth rate and back fat thickness in the fattening stage, which was mainly focused on 15 and 18 months of age.
 Keywords
Hanwoo Steers;Group Size;Performance;Behavior;Meat Quality;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
거세 한우 육성우 사육밀도가 채식행동에 미치는 영향,이상무;장재원;

Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 2011. vol.53. 5, pp.489-496 crossref(new window)
2.
친환경 한우 생산을 위한 메탄 저감용 사료 배합 및 적정 사육밀도에 관한 연구,신종서;최병양;김미정;김승기;라창식;

한국축산시설환경학회지, 2011. vol.17. sup, pp.7-20
3.
한우에서 TG와 EDG1 유전자의 단일염기다형 확인 및 도체형질과의 연관성 분석,카야디;디아 마하라니;유승희;이승환;이준헌;

농업과학연구, 2012. vol.39. 3, pp.349-355 crossref(new window)
4.
Effects of Stocking Density or Group Size on Intake, Growth, and Meat Quality of Hanwoo Steers (Bos taurus coreanae),;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2012. vol.25. 11, pp.1553-1558 crossref(new window)
5.
Effect of Stocking Density on Eating Behavior of Finishing Hanwoo Steers (Bos taurus coreanae),;;;

한국초지조사료학회지, 2012. vol.32. 4, pp.397-404 crossref(new window)
6.
한우 육성우의 성별 군집두수에 따른 사양성적, 행동특성 및 혈액성상 비교분석,하재정;오동엽;이제영;양가영;김종복;오상집;송영한;

Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 2013. vol.55. 5, pp.381-388 crossref(new window)
1.
Effects of Stocking Density or Group Size on Intake, Growth, and Meat Quality of Hanwoo Steers (Bos taurus coreanae), Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2012, 25, 11, 1553  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Comparative Analysis on Growth Performances, Behavioral Characteristics and Blood Parameters of the Sex in Different Group Sizes of Hanwoo calves, Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 2013, 55, 5, 381  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Identification of SNPs in TG and EDG1 genes and their relationships with carcass traits in Korean cattle (Hanwoo), CNU Journal of Agricultural Science, 2012, 39, 3, 349  crossref(new windwow)
4.
Effect of Stocking Density on Eating Behavior of Finishing Hanwoo Steers (Bos taurus coreanae), Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 2012, 32, 4, 397  crossref(new windwow)
5.
Effect of Different Stocking Density on Eating Behavior of Hanwoo Steers (Bos taurus coreanae) During Growing Period, Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 2011, 53, 5, 489  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Albright, J. L. 1991. To group or not to group. Beef/Dairy Report, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, pp. 45-50.

2.
Andersen, H. R., C. C. Krohn, J. Foldager, L. Munksgaard and S. Klastrup. 1991. Influence of housing and feeding on behaviour, feed intake, growth and carcass and meat quality (in Danish, with English summary and subtitles). Report from the National Institute of Animal Science, Denmark, 39 pp.

3.
Anderson, I. L., E. Naevdal, M. Bakken and K. E. Boe. 2004. Aggression and group size in domesticated pigs, Sus scrofa: 'when the winner takes it all and the looser is standing small'. Anim. Behav. 68:965-975. crossref(new window)

4.
Bouissou, M. F., A. Boiisy, P. Le Neindre and I. Veissier. 2001. The social behaviour of cattle. In: Keeling, L. J., Gonyou, H. W. (Eds.), Social behavior in Farm Animals. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK, pp. 113-145.

5.
Childress, M. J. and M. A. Lung. 2003. Predation risk, gender and the group size effect: does elk vigilance depend upon the behaviour of conspecifics. Anim. Behav. 66:389-398. crossref(new window)

6.
Christman, M. C. and E. H. Leone. 2007. Statistical aspects of the analysis of group size effects in confined animals. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 103:265-283. crossref(new window)

7.
Daelemans, J. and A. Maton. 1987. Beef production with special reference to fattening bulls. In: Welfare aspects of housing systems for veal calves and fattening bulls (Ed. M. C. Schlicting and D. Smidt). Commission of the European Communities, Luxembourg, pp. 61-71.

8.
David, V. L., G. Vanessa, Marina A. G. von Keyserlingk, A. M. de Passille and R. Jeffrey. 2009. Allogrooming in cattle: Relationships between social performances, feeding displacements and social dominance. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 116:141-149. crossref(new window)

9.
Estevez, I., L. Keeling and R. C. Newberry. 2003. Decreasing aggression with increasing group size in young domestic fowl. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 84:213-218. crossref(new window)

10.
Estevez, I., R. C. Newberry and L. Keeling. 2002. Dynamics of aggression in the domestic fowl. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 76:307-325. crossref(new window)

11.
EU-SCAHAW (Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare). 2001. The Welfare of Cattle Kept for Beef Production. Home page address: http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/scah/out54_en.pdf (Access 20 March, 2009).

12.
Fregonesi, J. A. and J. D. Leaver. 2002. Influence of space allowance and milk yield level on behaviour, performance and health of dairy cows housed in strawyard and cubicle system. Livest. Prod. Sci. 68:1-11.

13.
Gonzalez, L. A., A. Ferret, X. Manteca, J. L. Ruiz de la Torre, S. Calsamiglia, M. Devant and A. Bach. 2008. Performance, behavior, and welfare of Friesian heifers housed in pens with 2, 4, and 8 individuals per concentrate feeding place. J. Anim. Sci. 86:1446-1458. crossref(new window)

14.
Gygax, L., C. Mayer, H. Schulze Westerath, K. Friedli and B. Wechsler. 2007. On-farm assessment of the welfare of finishing bulls kept in housing systems with different floor quality. Anim. Welf. 16:205-208.

15.
Han, J. H., J. H. Jeon, D. J. Kim, H. H. Chang, J. M. Koo, Y. K. Kim, S. L. Lee, E. J. Kim, H. C. Lee, H. J. Lee and S. C. Yeon. 2005. Effects of space allowance on the social behavior of Korean native (Bos Taurus coreanae) steers. Kor. J. Vet. Res. 45:245-250.

16.
Hardy, R. 1980. Observations on the performance and behaviour of finishing steers kept on two housing systems. Anim. Prod. 30:456 (Abstr.).

17.
Hickey, M. C., P. French and J. Grant. 2002. Out-wintering pads for finishing beef cattle: animal production and welfare. Anim. Sci. 75:447-458.

18.
Hopewell, L., R. Rossiter, E. Blower, L. Leaver and K. Goto. 2005. Grazing and vigilance by Soay sheep on Lundy island: influence of group size, terrain and the distribution of vegetation. Behav. Precesses 70:186-193. crossref(new window)

19.
Irie, M., Y. Inno, Y. Ishizuka, T. Nishioka and T. Morita. 2006. Vitamins A and E in carcass fat from Japanese Black and F1 cross cattle. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:1266-1270. crossref(new window)

20.
Kondo, S., J. Sekine, M. Okubo and Y. Adahida. 1989. The effect of group size and space allowance on the agonistic and spacing behaviour of cattle. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 24:127-135. crossref(new window)

21.
Kutner, M. H., C. J. Nachtsheim and J. Neter. 2004. Applied linear regression models (4th ed.). New York: McGRAW-HILL Companies, INC.

22.
Lee, H. J., S. C. Lee, Y. G. Oh, K. H. Kim, H. B. Kim, Y. H. Park, H. S. Chae and I. B. Chung. 2003. Effects of rumen protected oleic acid in the diet on animal performances, carcass quality and fatty acid composition of Hanwoo steers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:1003-1010. crossref(new window)

23.
Nakanishi, Y., Y. Shimizu, T. Sumiyoshi, T. Kawamura, T. Goto and R. Umetsu. 1993. Relationship between social grooming and agonistic behaviour in a stable fattening cattle herd. J. Fac. Agric. Kyushu Univ. 37:325-329.

24.
National Research Council. 1996. Nutrients requirements of beef cattle. 7th rev. editoion. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

25.
Nielsen, B. L. 1999. On the interpretation of feeding behaviour measures and the use of feeding rate as an indicator of social constraint. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 63:79-91. crossref(new window)

26.
NLCF. 2004. Korean carcass grading standard. National Livestock Cooperatives Federation, Republic of Korea.

27.
Olofsson. J. 1999. Competition for total mixed diets fed for ad libitum intake using one or four cows per feeding station. J. Dairy Sci. 82:69-79. crossref(new window)

28.
Park, G. B., S. S. Moon, Y. D. Ko, J. K. Ha, H. H. Chang and S. T. Joo. 2002. Influence of slaughter weight and sex on yield and quality grades of Hanwoo (Korean native cattle) carcasses. J. Anim. Sci. 80:129-136.

29.
Pelly, M. C., A. Lirette and T. Tennessen. 1995. Observations on the response of feedlot cattle to attempted environmental enrichment. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 75:631-632. crossref(new window)

30.
Ruis-Heutinck, L. F. M., M. C. J. Smits, A. C. Smits and J. J. Heeres. 2000. Effects of floor type and floor area on behaviour and carpal joint lesions in beef bulls. In: Improving health and welfare in animal production (Ed. H. J. Blokhuis, E. D. Ekkel and B. Wechsler). EAAP publication no. 102. Wageningen Pers, Wageningen, pp. 29-36.

31.
SAS Institute. 1996. SAS User's Guide. Version 6.12. SAS Institute Inc., Cary. NC.

32.
Sato, S., S. Sako and A. Maeda. 1991. Social licking patterns in cattle (Bos taurus): Influence of environmental and social factors. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 32:3-12. crossref(new window)

33.
Seo, K. S., Y. N. Shen, A. J. Salces, D. H. Yoon, H. G. Lee and S. H. Kim. 2006. Correlation analysis between the breeding value of carcass traits in Hanwoo (Korean Brown Cattle), Bos Taurus, L. and spot intensity on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:1404-1408. crossref(new window)

34.
Turner, S. P., M. Ewen, J. A. Rooke and S. A. Edwards. 2000. The effects of space allowance on performance, aggression and immune competence of growing pigs housed on straw deep-litter at different group sizes. Livest. Prod. Sci. 66:47-55. crossref(new window)