Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Maternal Nutrition during Pregnancy on the Body Weight, Muscle Fiber Number, Carcass Traits, and Pork Quality Traits of Offspring
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Maternal Nutrition during Pregnancy on the Body Weight, Muscle Fiber Number, Carcass Traits, and Pork Quality Traits of Offspring
Choe, J.H.; Choi, Y.M.; Ryu, Y.C.; Lee, S.H.; Kim, B.C.;
  PDF(new window)
The purpose of the current study was to examine the influence of different maternal nutrition treatments during pregnancy on body weight, muscle fiber number, carcass traits, and pork quality traits of offspring. A total of 18 crossbred sows (LandraceYorkshireDuroc) were randomly assigned to one of three nutritional treatment groups; control, high energy, and high protein. The control group was fed a standard diet, the high energy group was fed a diet that contained 30% increased metabolizable energy, and the high protein group was fed a diet that contained 30% increased limiting amino acids compared to the control. The sows in each group were fed equal quantities of each diet (1.9 kg/d) for the entire gestational period. A total of 36 piglets from each sow were used to evaluate changes in body weight, muscle fiber number in the longissimus dorsi muscle at birth, carcass traits, and pork quality traits. Birth weight of offspring born to sows in the high energy diet group was significantly higher compared to the high protein diet group (p<0.05). However, body weight of offspring after birth was not significantly different between the groups. Muscle fiber number for the longissimus dorsi muscle at birth was not significantly different between the groups. In addition, there were no significant differences in carcass traits or pork quality traits between offspring born to sows in the control group and those born to sows that received high energy or high protein diets during pregnancy. Based on these results, it appears that maternal nutrition treatment during pregnancy, regardless of whether it is with high energy or high protein diets, does not have a significant effect on body weight, muscle fiber number at birth, carcass traits, or pork quality traits.
Maternal Nutrition;High Energy;High Protein;Birth Weight;Muscle Fiber Number;Pork Quality;
 Cited by
Effects of Maternal Low-Energy Diet during Gestation on Intestinal Morphology, Disaccharidase Activity, and Immune Response to Lipopolysaccharide Challenge in Pig Offspring, Nutrients, 2017, 9, 10, 1115  crossref(new windwow)
Ashmore, C. R., D. W. Robinson, P. Rattray and L. Doerr. 1972. Biphasic development of muscle fibres in the fetal lamb. Exp. Neurol. 37:241-255. crossref(new window)

Ashmore, C. R., P. B. Addis and L. Doerr. 1973. Development of muscle fibres in the foetal pig. J. Anim. Sci. 36:1088-1093.

Bee, G. 2004. Effect of early gestation feeding, birth weight, and gender of progeny on muscle fiber characteristics of pigs at slaughter. J. Anim. Sci. 82:826-836.

Beermann, D. H. 1983. Effects of maternal dietary restriction during gestation and lactation, muscle, sex and age on various indices of skeletal muscle growth in the rat. J. Anim. Sci. 57:328-337.

Buitrago, J. A., J. H. Maner, J. T. Gallo and W. G. Pond. 1974. Effect of dietary energy in gestation on reproductive performance of gilts. J. Anim. Sci. 39:47-52.

Cerisuelo, A., M. D. Baucells, J. Gasa, J. Coma, D. Carrion, N. Chapinal and R. Sala. 2009. Increased sow nutrition during midgestation affects muscle fiber development and pork quality, with no consequences on growth performance. J. Anim. Sci. 87:729-739.

Choe, J. H., Y. M. Choi, S. H. Lee, H. G. Shin, Y. C. Ryu, K. C. Hong and B. C. Kim. 2008. The relation between glycogen, lactate content and muscle fiber type composition, and their influence on postmortem glycolytic rate and pork quality. Meat Sci. 80:355-362. crossref(new window)

Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage. 1987. Recommendations on uniform color spaces - Color differences equations, psychrometric color terms. Supplement No. 2, CIE Publication No. 15 (E1.3.1).

Dwyer, C. M. and N. C. Stickland. 1991. Sources of variation in myofibre number within and between litters of pigs. Anim. Prod. 52:527-533. crossref(new window)

Dwyer, C. M., J. M. Fletcher and N. C. Stickland. 1993. Muscle cellularity and postnatal growth in the pig. J. Anim. Sci. 71:3339-3343.

Dwyer, C. M., N. C. Stickland and J. M. Fletcher. 1994. The influence of maternal nutrition on muscle fiber number development in the porcine fetus and on subsequent postnatal growth. J. Anim. Sci. 72:911-917.

Fahey, A. J., J. M. Brameld, T. Parr and P J. Buttery. 2005. The effect of maternal undernutrition before muscle differentiation on the muscle fiber development of the newborn lamb. J. Anim. Sci. 83:2564-2571.

Fiedler, I., K. Ender, M. Wicke and G. Von Lengerken. 1993. Relationships between micro-structure of muscle tissue and stress susceptibility in Landrace pigs (halothane sensitivity). Arch. Anim. Breed. 36:525-538.

Gatford, K. L., J. E. Ekert, K. Blackmore, M. J. De Blasio, J. M. Boyce, J. A. Owens, R. G. Campbell and P. C. Owens. 2003. Variable maternal nutrition and growth hormone treatment in the second quarter of pregnancy in pigs alter semitedinosus muscle in adolescent progeny. Br. J. Nutr. 90:283-293. crossref(new window)

Gondret, F., L. Lefaucheur, H. Juin, I. Louveau and B. Lebret. 2006. Low birth weight is associated with enlarged muscle fiber area and impared meat tenderness of the longissimus muscle in pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 84:93-103.

Gondret, F., L. Lefaucheur, I. Louveau, B. Lebret, X. Pichodo and Y. Le Cozler. 2005. Influence of piglet birth weight on postnatal growth performance, tissue lipogenic capacity, and muscle histological traits at market weight. Livest. Prod. Sci. 93:137-146. crossref(new window)

Hegarty, P. V. J. and C. E. Allen. 1978. Effect of pre-natal runting on the post-natal development of skeletal muscles in swine and rats. J. Anim. Sci. 46:1634-1640.

Hegarty, P. V. J. and C. E. Allen. 1978. Effect of prenatal runting on postnatal development of skeletal muscles in swine and rats. J. Anim. Sci. 46:1634-1640.

Heyer, A., H. K. Andersson, J. E. Lindberg and K. Lundstrom. 2004. Effect of extra maternal feed supply in early gestation on sow and piglet performance and production and pork quality of growing/finishing pigs. Acta Agric. Scand. Sect. A, Anim. Sci. 54:44-45.

Honikel. 1998. Reference methods for the assessment of physical characteristics of meat. Meat Sci. 49:447-457. crossref(new window)

Karlsson, A. H., R. E. Klont and X. Fernandez. 1999. Skeletal muscle fibres as factors for pork quality. Livest. Prod. Sci. 60:255-269. crossref(new window)

Kauffman, R. G., G. Eikelenboom, P. G. Van der Wal, G. Merkus and M. Zaar. 1986. The use of filter paper to estimate drip loss of porcine musculature. Meat Sci. 18:191-200. crossref(new window)

Larzul, C., L. Lefaucheur, P. Ecolan, J. Gogue, A. Talmant, P. Sellier, P. Le Roy and G. Monin. 1997. Phenotypic and genetic parameters for longissimus muscle fiber characteristics in relation to growth, carcass, and pork quality traits in Large White pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 75:3126-3137.

McCoard, S. A., W. C. McNabb, S. W. Peterson, S. N. McCutcheon and P. M. Harris. 2000. Morphometric analysis of myofibre development in the adductor femoris muscle of single and twin fetal lambs. Reprod. Fertil. Dev. 12:329-335. crossref(new window)

Miller, L. R., V. A. Garwood and M. D. Judge. 1975. Factors affecting porcine muscle fiber type, diameter and number. J. Anim. Sci. 41:66-77.

Nissen, P. M., V. O. Danielsen, P. F. Jorgensen and N. Oksbjerg. 2003. Increased maternal nutrition of sows has no beneficial effects on muscle fiber number or postnatal growth and has no impact on the pork quality of the offspring. J. Anim. Sci. 81:3018-3027.

Nordby, D. J., R. A. Field, M. L. Riley and C. J. Kercher. 1987. Effects of maternal undernutrition during early pregnancy on growth, muscle cellularity, fiber type and carcass composition in lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 64:1419-1427.

Powell, S. E. and E. D. Aberle. 1981. Skeletal muscle and adipose tissue cellularity in runt and normal birth weight swine. J. Anim. Sci. 52:748-756.

Rehfeldt, C. and G. Kuhn. 2006. Consequences of birth weight for postnatal growth performance and carcass quality in pigs as related to myogenesis. J. Anim. Sci. 84(E. Suppl.):E113-E123.

Ryu, Y. C. and B. C. Kim. 2005. The relationship between muscle fiber characteristics, postmortem metabolic rate, and pork quality of pig longissimus dorsi muscle. Meat Sci. 71:351-357. crossref(new window)

Ryu, Y. C., M. S. Rhee and B. C. Kim. 2004. Estimation of correlation coefficients between histological parameters and carcass traits of pig longissimus dorsi muscle. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:428-433. crossref(new window)

SAS Institute. 2004. Version 9.1.3. SAS Institute Inc. Cary, NC., USA.

Schoknecht, P. A., W. G. Pond, H. J. Mersmann and R. R. Mauer. 1993. Protein restriction during pregnancy affects postnatal growth in swine progeny. J. Nutr. 123:1818-1825.

Stickland, N. C. and S. E. Handel. 1986. The numbers and types of muscle fibres in large and small breeds of pigs. J. Anat. 147:181-189.

Swatland, H. J. 1975. Histochemical development of myofibres in neonatal piglets. Res. Vet. Sci. 18:253-257.

Swatland, H. J. and R. G. Cassens. 1973. Prenatal development, histochemistry, and innervations of porcine muscle. J. Anim. Sci. 36:343-354.

Wigmore, P. M. C. and N. C. Stickland. 1983. Muscle development in large and small pig fetuses. J. Anat. 137:235-245.

Wu, G., F. W. Brazer, J. M. Wallace and T. E. Spencer. 2006. BOARD-INVITED REVIEW: Intrauterine growth retardation: Implications for the animal sciences. J. Anim. Sci. 84:2316-2337. crossref(new window)