JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Growth Performance, Carcass Traits and Meat Quality of Slower-growing and Fast-growing Chickens Raised with and without Outdoor Access
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Growth Performance, Carcass Traits and Meat Quality of Slower-growing and Fast-growing Chickens Raised with and without Outdoor Access
Mikulski, Dariusz; Celej, Joanna; Jankowski, Jan; Majewska, Teresa; Mikulska, Marzena;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of genotype (slower-growing vs. fast-growing) and production system (access to outdoors vs. indoor) on the growth performance, carcass yield and meat quality (chemical composition, physicochemical and sensory properties) of chickens. The experiment was performed on 1,040 day-old hybrid male chickens of two genotypes. Slower-growing chickens (Hubbard JA957, certified) and fast-growing chickens (Hubbard F15) were fed identical diets until 65 days of age. Both genotypes (each represented by 520 birds) were divided into two subgroups and were raised in pens on litter with outdoor access or in indoor confinement without outdoor access (four replications per subgroup, each of 65 birds). Until day 21, the birds stayed in the indoor facility, in deep-litter pens. The birds could forage on pasture 12 h daily, commencing at three weeks of age. Stocking density was 0.13 floor space per bird in pens on litter, and 0.8 per bird in grassy yards. Compared with fast-growing, slower-growing chickens were significantly lighter (by 17%), had a lower breast and thigh muscle yield and a higher abdominal fat content, but they were characterized by higher survival rates at 65 days, a higher protein content and a lower fat content of breast meat. Outdoor access had no negative effects on the growth performance, muscle yield, the fatty acid profile and oxidative status of meat lipids. The meat of free-range chickens was darker in color, it had a higher protein content and a better water-holding capacity, but it was less juicy than the meat of birds raised indoors.
 Keywords
Slower-growing Chickens;Outdoor Access;Growth Performance;Carcass Traits;Meat Quality;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Comparison of Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Meat Quality of Korean Local Chickens and Silky Fowl,;;;;;;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2014. vol.27. 3, pp.398-405 crossref(new window)
1.
4. Quality of Poultry Meat from Native Chicken Breeds – A Review, Annals of Animal Science, 2016, 16, 2  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Comparison of Carcass Characteristics, Meat Quality, and Blood Parameters of Slow and Fast Grown Female Broiler Chickens Raised in Organic or Conventional Production System, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2016, 29, 7, 987  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Effects of free-range access on production parameters and meat quality, composition and taste in slow-growing broiler chickens, Poultry Science, 2016, pew226  crossref(new windwow)
4.
Use of n-alkanes for determination of Kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum) intake in free-range broilers, Animal Production Science, 2016, 56, 7, 1152  crossref(new windwow)
5.
Comparison of Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Meat Quality of Korean Local Chickens and Silky Fowl, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2014, 27, 3, 398  crossref(new windwow)
6.
The effects of access to pasture on growth performance, behavioural patterns, some blood parameters and carcass yield of a slow-growing broiler genotype, Journal of Applied Animal Research, 2017, 45, 1, 464  crossref(new windwow)
7.
Effects of access to pasture on performance, carcass composition, and meat quality in broilers: A meta-analysis, Poultry Science, 2014, 93, 6, 1523  crossref(new windwow)
8.
The Effect of Grass Pasture on the Performance of Slowly Growing Chickens, Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 2016, 64, 5, 1435  crossref(new windwow)
9.
Effects of different raising systems on growth performance, carcass, and meat quality of medium-growing chickens, Journal of Applied Animal Research, 2017, 45, 1, 326  crossref(new windwow)
10.
Cost-efficiency of animal welfare in broiler production systems: A pilot study using the Welfare Quality® assessment protocol, Agricultural Systems, 2016, 146, 55  crossref(new windwow)
11.
Comparison of Meat Quality and Fatty Acid Profile in Slow-Growing Chicken Genotypes Fed Diets Supplemented with Origanum Vulgare or Melissa Officinalis Leaves Under the Organic System, Italian Journal of Animal Science, 2013, 12, 3, e64  crossref(new windwow)
12.
Comparison of Meat Quality and Fatty Acid Profile in Slow-Growing Chicken Genotypes Fed Diets Supplemented with Origanum Vulgare or Melissa Officinalis Leaves Under the Organic System, Italian Journal of Animal Science, 2013, 12, 3, e64  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Association of Official Analytical Chemists 1990. Official methods of analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 15th Edn. Ed. Ass. Off. Analyt. Chemists, Washington.

2.
Bassler, A. and P. Ciszuk P. 2002. Pilot studies in organic broiler production - management and cross-breeds. Ekologiskt lantbruk 34.

3.
Berri, C., N. Wacrenier, N. Millet and E. Le Bihan-Duval. 2001. Effect of selection for improved body composition on muscle and meat characteristics of broilers from experimental and commercial lines. Poult. Sci. 80:833-838. crossref(new window)

4.
Castellini, C., C. Berri, E. Le Bihan-Duval and G. Martino. 2008. Qualitative attributes and consumer perception of organic and free-range poultry meat. World's Poult. Sci. J. 64:500-513. crossref(new window)

5.
Castellini, C., A. Dal Bosco, C. Mugnai and M. Bernardini. 2002a. Performance and behaviour of chickens with different growing rate reared according to the organic system. Ital. J. Anim. Sci. 1:291-300.

6.
Castellini, C., A. Dal Bosco, C. Mugnai and M. Pedrazzoli. 2006. Comparision of two chicken genotypes organically reared: oxidative stability and other qualitative traits of the meat. Ital. J. Anim. Sci. 5:29-42.

7.
Castellini, C., C. Mugnai and A. Dal Bosco. 2002b. Effect of organic production system on broiler carcas and meat quality. Meat Sci. 60:219-225. crossref(new window)

8.
Castellini, C., C. Mugnai and A. Dal Bosco. 2002c. Meat quality of three chicken genotypes reared according to the organic system. Ital. J. Food Sci. 14:401-412.

9.
Commission Internationale de l'E´ clairage (CIE). 1978. Recommendations on uniform color spaces, color-difference equations, psychometric color terms. Suppl. 2 to CIE Publ. No. 15 (E-1.3.1.) 1971/(TC-1-3). Central Bureau of the Commission Internationale de l'E´ clairage, Paris, France.

10.
Cross, H. R., R. Moen and S. Stanfield. 1978. Guidelines for cookery and sensory evaluation of meat. American Meat Society Association (Ed.) Chicago.

11.
Debut, M., C. Berri, E. Baeza, N. Sellier, C. Arnould, D. Guemene, N. Jehl, B. Boutten, Y. Jego, C. Beamont and E. Le Bihan-Duval. 2003. Variation of chicken technological meat quality in relation to genotype and pre slaughter stress conditions. Poult. Sci. 82:1829-1838. crossref(new window)

12.
Fanatico, A. C., L. C. Cavitt, P. B. Pillai, J. L. Emmert and C. M. Owens. 2005. Evaluation of slower-growing broiler genotypes grown with and without outdoor access: meat quality. Poult. Sci. 84:1785-1790. crossref(new window)

13.
Fanatico, A. C., P. B. Pillai, L. C. Cavitt, J. L. Emmert, J. F. Meullenet and C. M. Owens. 2006. Evaluation of slower-growing broiler genotypes grown with and without outdoor access: sensory attributes. Poult. Sci. 85:337-343. crossref(new window)

14.
Fanatico, A. C., P. B. Pillai, J. L. Emmert, E. E. Gbur, J. F. Meullenet and C. M. Owens. 2007a. Sensory attributes of slow- and fast-growing chicken genotypes raised indoors or with outdoor access. Poult. Sci. 86:2441-2449. crossref(new window)

15.
Fanatico, A. C., P. B. Pillai, J. L. Emmert and C. M. Owens. 2007b. Meat quality of slow- and fast-growing chicken genotypes fed low-nutrient or standard diets and raised indoors or with outdoor access. Poult. Sci. 86:2245-2255. crossref(new window)

16.
Fletcher, D. L. 2002. Poultry meat quality. World's Poult. Sci. J. 58:131-145. crossref(new window)

17.
Gordon, S. H. and D. R. Charles. 2002. Niche and organic chicken products. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham.

18.
Grashorn, M. A. 2006. Fattening performance, carcass and meat quality of slow and fast growing broiler strains under intensive and extensive feeding conditions. Page 249 in XII Eur. Poult. Conf., Verona, Italy. (Ed. I. Romboli, D. Flock, and A. Franchini). World's Poult. Sci. Assoc., Italian Branch, Bologna, Italy.

19.
Grashorn, M. A. and G. Brose. 1997. Quality assurance in label programs for chicken meat. Poultry meat quality. Proc. XIII Europ. Symp. Quality Poult. Meat. 21-26 September, 1997, Poznan, Poland: pp. 619-624.

20.
Grunert, K. G., L. Bredahl and K. Brunso. 2004. Consumer perception of meat quality and implications for product development in the meat sector - a review. Meat Sci. 69:259-272.

21.
Havenstein, G. B., P. R. Ferket and M. A. Qureshi. 2003. Carcass composition and yield of 1957 versus 2001 broiler when fed representative 1957 and 2001 broiler diets. Poult. Sci. 82:1509-1518. crossref(new window)

22.
Hermansen, J. E. 2003. Organic livestock production systems and appropriate development in relation to public expectations. Livest. Prod. Sci. 80:3-15. crossref(new window)

23.
Honikel, K. O. 1998. Reference methods for the assessment of physical characteristics of meat. Meat Sci. 49:447-457. crossref(new window)

24.
Husak, R. L., J. G. Sebranek and K. A. Bregendahl. 2008. Survey of commercially available broilers marketed as organic, freerange, and conventional broilers for cooked meat yields, meat composition and relative value. Poult. Sci. 87:2367-2376. crossref(new window)

25.
Janocha, A., M. Osek and A. Milczarek. 2004. The effect of broiler chicken origin on growth performance and post slaughter parameters. Zesz. Nauk. Przegl. Hod. 73:79-85.

26.
Komprda, T., J. Zelenka, E. Fajmonova, A. Jarosova and I. Kubis. 2000. Meat quality of broilers fattened deliberately slow by cereal mixtures to higher age: 1. Growth and sensory quality. Arch. Geflugelkd. 64:167-174.

27.
Latter-Dubois, E. 2000. Poulets fermiers: Leurs qualite's nutritionnelle et organoleptiques et la perception du consommateur. M.S. Faculte' des Sciences de l'Agriculture et de L'Alimentation. Univ. Laval, Quebec, Canada.

28.
Lewis, P. D., G. C. Perry, L. J. Farmer and R. L. S. Patterson. 1997. Responses of two genotypes of chicken to the diets and stocking densities typical of UK and "Label Rouge" systems: I. Performance, behaviour and carcass composition. Meat Sci. 45:501-516. crossref(new window)

29.
Lonergan, S. M., N. Deeb, C. A. Fedler and S. J. Lamont. 2003. Breast meat quality and composition in unique chicken populations. Poult. Sci. 82(12):1990-1994. crossref(new window)

30.
Muriel, A. and M. R. Pascual. 1995. Carcass and meat characteristics from free-range chickens. Proc. XII Europ. Symp. Quality Poult. Meat. 25-29 September, 1995, Zaragoza, Spain: pp. 219-224.

31.
Network for Animal Health and Welfare in Organic Agriculture. 2002. Final recommendation and comments. http://www.veeru.reading.ac.uk/organic/

32.
Nielsen, B. L., M. G. Thomsen, D. B. Sorensen and J. F. Young. 2003. Feed and strain effects on the use of outdoor areas by broilers. Br. Poult. Sci. 44:161-169. crossref(new window)

33.
Oeckel, M. J. van, N. Warnants and Ch. V. Bouquee. 1999. Comparison of different methods for measuring water holding capacity and juiciness of pork versus on-line screening methods. Meat Sci. 5:1313-320.

34.
Peisker, K. 1964. A rapid semi-micro method for preparation of methyl esters from triglycerides using chloroform, methanol, sulphuric acid. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 11:87-90.

35.
Peter, W., S. Danicke, H. Jeroch, M. Wicke and G. von Lengerken. 1997. Influence of intensity of nutrition on selected parameters of carcass and meat quality of French Label type chickens. Arch. Geflugelkd. 61:110-116.

36.
Pietrzak, D., J. Mroczek, E. Lesnik and E. Swierczewska. 2006. Quality of meat and fat from three breeding lines of chickens served feed with or without antibiotic growth stimulator. Med. Wet. 62:917-921.

37.
Pikul, J., D. E. Leszczynski and F. A. Kummerow. 1989. Evaluation of three modified TBA methods for measuring lipid oxidation in chicken meat. J. Agric. Food Chem. 37:1309-1313. crossref(new window)

38.
Santos, A. L., N. K. Sakomura, E. R. Freitas, C. M. S. Fortes and E. N. M. Carrilho. 2005. Comparison of free range broiler chicken strains raised in confined or semi-confined systems. Braz. J. Poult. Sci. 7:85-92.

39.
StatSoft Inc. Statistica (data analysis software system). 2007. version 8.0 www.statsoft.com.

40.
Tang, H., Y. Z. Gong, C. X. Wu, J. Jiang, Y. Wang and K. Li. 2009. Variation of meat quality traits among five genotypes of chicken. Poult. Sci. 88:2212-2218. crossref(new window)

41.
Wang, K. H., S. R. Shi, T. C. Dou and H. J. Sun. 2009. Effect of a free-range raising system on growth performance, carcass yield, and meat quality of slow-growing chicken. Poult. Sci. 88:2219-2223. crossref(new window)