JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Squid Ink on Growth Performance, Antioxidant Functions and Immunity in Growing Broiler Chickens
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Squid Ink on Growth Performance, Antioxidant Functions and Immunity in Growing Broiler Chickens
Liu, Huazhong; Luo, Ping; Chen, Shaohong; Shang, Jianghua;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study was conducted to explore the effects of squid ink on growth performance, immune functions and antioxidant ability of broiler chickens during a period of six weeks. Either sex Arbor Acres broilers were equally allotted to 4 groups with 3 replicates of 20 chickens each. Broilers diets for the 4 test groups were prepared separately with starter and finisher phases. Control chickens were fed with basal diet and birds of group Exp 2, Exp 4 and Exp 6 were fed with the basal diet supplemented with 2%, 4% and 6% of squid ink, respectively. Broilers were sacrificed to investigate antioxidant parameters of sera, indices of thymus, spleen and bursa of fabricius and spleen lymphocyte proliferation, as well as growth performance on the and day. The results revealed that, i) squid ink promoted growth performance of broilers during days 22 to 42 and the whole trial period (p<0.05 or p<0.01); ii) squid ink elevated relative weight of the three immune organs during the starter phase and spleen lymphocyte proliferation throughout the experiment (p<0.05); iii) squid ink increased SOD activity and decreased MDA level in sera from broilers during the whole period (p<0.05). The above results suggest that squid ink could improve growth performance, antioxidant ability and immune functions of growing broiler chickens and be employed in the development of feed additives for animals.
 Keywords
Squid Ink;Antioxidant Ability;Immune Function;Growth Performance;Broilers;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Effect of Production Phase on Growth, Enzyme Activities and Feed Selection of Broilers Raised on Vegetable Protein Diet,;;;

Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2014. vol.27. 11, pp.1593-1599 crossref(new window)
1.
The dietary polysaccharide from Ommastrephes bartrami prevents chemotherapeutic mucositis by promoting the gene expression of antimicrobial peptides in Paneth cells, Journal of Functional Foods, 2015, 12, 530  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Dietary squid ink polysaccharide could enhance SIgA secretion in chemotherapeutic mice, Food Funct., 2014, 5, 12, 3189  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Fresh-Keeping Effects of Melanin-Free Extract From Squid Ink on Yellowfin Sea Bream (Sparus latus) During Cold Storage, Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology, 2015, 24, 3, 199  crossref(new windwow)
4.
A transcriptome resource for pharaoh cuttlefish (Sepia pharaonis) after ink ejection by brief pressing, Marine Genomics, 2016, 28, 53  crossref(new windwow)
5.
Dietary squid ink polysaccharides ameliorated the intestinal microflora dysfunction in mice undergoing chemotherapy, Food Funct., 2014, 5, 10, 2529  crossref(new windwow)
6.
Cephalopod Ink: Production, Chemistry, Functions and Applications, Marine Drugs, 2014, 12, 5, 2700  crossref(new windwow)
7.
Application of melanin-free ink as a new antioxidative gel enhancer in sardine surimi gel, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 2015, 95, 11, 2201  crossref(new windwow)
8.
The Squid Ink Polysaccharides Protect Tight Junctions and Adherens Junctions from Chemotherapeutic Injury in the Small Intestinal Epithelium of Mice, Nutrition and Cancer, 2015, 67, 2, 364  crossref(new windwow)
9.
Antioxidative activity of melanin-free ink from splendid squid (Loligo formosana), International Aquatic Research, 2013, 5, 1, 9  crossref(new windwow)
10.
Effectiveness of treatment of iron deficiency anemia in rats with squid ink melanin–Fe, Food Funct., 2014, 5, 1, 123  crossref(new windwow)
11.
Dietary squid ink polysaccharide induces goblet cells to protect small intestine from chemotherapy induced injury, Food Funct., 2015, 6, 3, 981  crossref(new windwow)
12.
Effect of Production Phase on Growth, Enzyme Activities and Feed Selection of Broilers Raised on Vegetable Protein Diet, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2014, 27, 11, 1593  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Chen, S. G., C. H. Xue, Y. Xue, Z. J. Li, X. Gao and Q. Ma. 2007. Studies on the free radical scavenging activities of melanin from squid ink. Chin. J. Mar. Drugs. 26(1):24-27.

2.
Chen, X. E. 2000. Study on nutritional composition of Sepialla maindroni ink. J. Zhejiang Ocean Univ. 19(4):324-326.

3.
He, S., G. L. Xie and M. C. He. 2002. Studies of sepia influence on NK cells activity and effect on inhibition tumor in mice. Chin. J. Mar. Drugs. 21(5):37-39.

4.
He, S., G. L. Xie, F. Z. Liu and C. L. Lu. 1999. The study about IL-2 activity induced by sepia in mice. Chin. J. Mar. Drugs. 18(1):11-12.

5.
Liu, C. Y., Q. Teng, X. Y. Zhou and R. L. Tan. 1996. Effects of sepia on erythrocyte's adhesion to tumor cells. Chin. J. Mar. Drugs. 15(3):14-16.

6.
Liu, H. Z., G. Wang, Y. Z. Guo, J. Q. Pan, Y. Huang, J. P. Zhong and K. Li. 2009. Protective effect of squid ink on cyclophosphamide-induced oxidative injury of kidney in mice. Chin. J. Nephrol. 25(10):804-805.

7.
Lu, C. L., S. He, B. X. Liu, L. X. Na, J. Z. Yan and G. Fu. 1999. The immuno-stimulating activations of squid ink and its extracts. Chin. J. Mar. Drugs. 18(2):32-34.

8.
Takaya, Y., H. Uchisawa, H. Matsue, B. Okuzaki, F. Narumi, J. Sasaki and K. Ishida. 1994a. An investigation of the antitumor peptidoglycan fraction from aquid ink. Biol. Pharm. Bull. 17(6):846-849. crossref(new window)

9.
Takaya, Y., H. Uchisawa, K. Hanamatsu, F. Narumi, B. Okuzaki and H. Matsue. 1994b. Novel fucose-rich glycosaminoglycans from squid ink bearing repeating unit of trisaccharide structure (-6GalNAc alpha 1-3GlcA beta 1-3Fuc alpha 1-)n. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 198(2):560-567. crossref(new window)

10.
Wang, G. 2010a. Study of protective effects sepia ink polysaccharides on chemotherapy. M.D. Thesis, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang, China.

11.
Wang, G., H. Z. Liu, J. L. Wu, Q. W. Zeng, Y. P. Chen, C. L. Yang and J. P. Zhong. 2010b. Study of sepia ink extract on protection from oxidative damage of cardiac muscle and brain tissue in mice. Chin. JMAP. 27(2):95-98.

12.
Wang, G., Y. Z. Guo, S. B. Guan, J. P. Zhong, J. Q. Pan, Y. Huang and H. Z. Liu. 2009. Protective effect of sepia ink extract on cyclophosphamide-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice. Chin. J. Mar. Drugs. 28(1):36-40.

13.
Wang, Q., C. L. Lü, C. Lü, J. Liu, Y. M. Cao and J. Z. Yan. 2001. Study on the induction of $IFN-{\gamma}$ and LAK cells activity in mice stimulated with sepia. Chin. J. Mar. Drugs. 20(1):37-39.

14.
Xie, G. L. and S. He. 2001. Study about CSF activity induced by sepia in mice. Chin. J. Mar. Drugs. 20(3):25-27.

15.
Zhang, Y. J., X. Y. Xu and B. Q. Wang. 2003. The influence of compound sepia capsules on SOD activity in mice. Chin. New. Med. 2(1):23-27.

16.
Zheng, G. L., X. Y. Zhang, Y. G. Zhou, Q. C. Meng and W. G. Gong. 2002. Comparison between partial components and trace elements in sepia and squid ink. Chin. J. Mar. Drugs. 21(3):12-14.

17.
Zhong, J. P., G. Wang, J. H. Shang, J. Q. Pan, K. Li, Y. Huang and H. Z. Liu. 2009. Protective effects of squid ink extract towards hemopoietic injuries induced by cyclophosphamide. Mar. Drugs 7(1):9-18. crossref(new window)