Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Cooling and Exogenous Bovine Somatotropin on Hematological and Biochemical Parameters at Different Stages of Lactation of Crossbred Holstein Friesian Cow in the Tropics
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Cooling and Exogenous Bovine Somatotropin on Hematological and Biochemical Parameters at Different Stages of Lactation of Crossbred Holstein Friesian Cow in the Tropics
Chaiyabutr, N.; Boonsanit, D.; Chanpongsang, S.;
  PDF(new window)
Effects of cooling and supplemental recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) on hemato-biochemical characteristics were studied at different stages of lactation of crossbred Holstein Friesian cows in a tropical environment. Ten primiparous cows were divided into two groups of five animals each. The first group was housed as the non-cooled animals in an open-sided barn with a tiled roof in a normal shaded house (NS), while the second group was housed as cooled cows in an open-sided barn with a tiled roof under misty fan cooling (MFC). Three injections with rbST (500 mg per dose) at each stage of lactation (early, mid and late lactation) significantly increased total milk yield as compared with pretreatment in both cooled and non-cooled cows. Milk fat was significantly increased, while total solids, solid not fat, milk protein and lactose were not affected by the rbST treatment. Hematological parameters, plasma proteins, albumin, glucose, triglyceride, cholesterol, creatinine, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), plasma inorganic phosphate and the activities of plasma aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were not affected by supplemental rbST in cooled and non-cooled cows. Supplementation of rbST caused a significant decrease in plasma urea concentration, while plasma FFA concentrations significantly increased in both cooled and non-cooled cows. The results of the present study suggest that exogenous rbST is efficacious in increasing milk yield without adverse effects on lactating crossbred Holstein cows in a tropical environment.
Cooling;Recombinant Bovine Somatotropin;Hematology;Blood Chemistry;Crossbred Holstein Freisian;
 Cited by
Effect of misting and wallowing cooling systems on milk yield, blood and physiological variables during heat stress in lactating Murrah buffalo, Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 2016, 58, 1  crossref(new windwow)
Abeni, F., L. Calamari and L. Stefanini. 2007. Metabolic condition of lactating dairy cows during the hot season in the Po Valley. 1. Blood indicators of heat stress. Int. J. Biometeorol. 52:87-96. crossref(new window)

Armstrong, D. V. 1994. Heat stress interaction with shade and cooling. J. Dairy Sci. 77:2044-2050. crossref(new window)

Armstrong, D. V., F. Weirsma, T. J. Fuhrman, J. M. Tappan and S. M. Cramer. 1985. Effect of evaporative cooling under a corral shade on reproduction and milk production in a hot climate. J. Dairy Sci. 68:167(Abstr.).

Armstrong, D. V., S. K. DeNise, F. J. Delfino, E. J. Hayes, P. J. Grundy, S. Montgomery and A. Correa. 1993. Comparing three lactational performances of Holstein cows in hot weather. J. Dairy Sci. 64:844-849.

Armstrong, D. V., M. E. Wse, M. T. Torabi, F. Wiersma, R. Hunter and E. Kopel. 1988. Effect of different cooling systems on milk production of late lactation Holstein cows during high ambient temperature. J. Dairy Sci. 71(Suppl. 1):212.

Boonsanit, D., Chanpongsang and N. Chaiyabutr. 2010. Effects of supplemental recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) and cooling with misters and fans on renal function in relation to regulation of body fluids in different stages of lactation in crossbred Holstein cattle. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 23:355-365. crossref(new window)

Broucek, J., M. Kovalcikova and K. Kovalcik. 1986. The effect of high temperatures on feed intake, milk production and biochemical traits. In: Proceedings of the 37th Annual Meeting of EAAP, Vol. I, pp. 596-597.

Cebra, C. K., F. B. Garry, D. M. Getzy and M. J. Fettman. 1997. Hepatic lipidosis in anorectic, lactating Holstein cattle: a retrospective study of serum biochemical abnormalities. J. Vet. Intern. Med. 11:231-237. crossref(new window)

Chaiyabutr, N. and H. D. Johnson. 1991. The regulation of body fluids and electrolytes of buffalo in a hot environment. In: Physiological aspects of digestion and metabolism in ruminants (Ed. T. Tsuda, Y. Sasaki and R. Kawashima) Academic Press Inc. pp. 297-319.

Chaiyabutr, N., S. Preuksagorn, S. Komolvanich and S. Chanpongsang. 2000. Comparative study on the regulation of body fluids and mammary circulation at different states of lactation in crossbred Holstein cattle feeding on different types of roughage. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 83:74-84. crossref(new window)

Chaiyabutr, N., S. Thammacharoen, S. Komolvanich and S. Chanpongsang. 2005 Effects of long-term administration of recombinant bovine somatotropin on milk production and insulin like growth factor-I and insulin in crossbred Holstein cows. J. Agric. Sci. (Cambridge), 143:311-318. crossref(new window)

Chaiyabutr, N., S. Thammacharoen, S. Komolvanich and S. Chanpongsang. 2007. Effects of long-term exogenous bovine somatotropin on water metabolism and milk yield in crossbred Holstein cattle. J. Agric. Sci. (Cambridge) 145:173-184. crossref(new window)

Chaiyabutr, N., S. Chanpongsang and S. Suadsong. 2008a. Effects of evaporative cooling on the regulation of body water and milk production in crossbred Holstein cattle in a tropical environment. Int. J. Biometeorol. 52: 575-585. crossref(new window)

Chaiyabutr, N., S. Thammacharoen, S. Komolvanich and S. Chanpongsang. 2008b. Effects of long-term exogenous bovine somatotropin on glucose metabolism and the utilization of glucose by the mammary gland in different stages of lactation of crossbred Holstein cattle. Anim. Sci. J. 79(5):561-574. crossref(new window)

Cheli, F., A. Baldi, L. Gregoretti, F. Rosi, D. Cattaneo and V. Dell'Orto. 1998. Changes of plasma insulin, urea, amino acids and rumen metabolites in somatotropin treated dairy cows. Amino Acids 15:187-194. crossref(new window)

Clemmons, D. R. and L. E. Underwood. 1991. Nutritional regulation of IGF-I and IGF binding proteins. Annu. Rev. Nutr. 11: 393-412. crossref(new window)

Collier, R. J., D. K. Beede, W. W. Thatcher, L. A. Israel and C. J. Wilcox. 1982. Influences of environment and its modifications on dairy animal health and production. J. Dairy Sci. 65:2213-2227. crossref(new window)

Dohoo, I. R., K. Leslie, L. Descoteaux and W. Shewfelt. 2003. A meta-analysis review of the effects of recombinant bovine somatotropin. Can. J. Vet. Res. 67(4):241-251.

Fekry, A. E., A. F. Abdelaa, M. K. Shebaita and M. A. I. Salem. 1989. Is creatinine a good indicator for meat production in fattailed sheep? In: Ruminant production in dry subtropics: constraints and potential. EAAP Publication n. 38, pp. 150-252.

Fuquay, J. W. 1981. Heat stress as it affects animal production. J. Anim. Sci. 52:164-169.

Hodgkinson, S. C., J. J. Bass and P. D. Gluckman. 1991. Plasma IGF-I binding proteins in sheep: effect of recombinant growth hormone treatment and nutritional status. Domestic Anim. Endocrinol. 8:343-351. crossref(new window)

Huber, J., T. G. Higginbotham, R. A. Gomez-Alarcon, R. B. Taylor, K. H. Chen, S. C. Chan and Z. Wu. 1994. Heat stress interactions with protein, supplemental fat and fungal cultures. J. Dairy Sci. 77:2080-2090. crossref(new window)

Johnson, H. D. 1987. Bioclimate effects on growth, reproduction and milk production. In: Bioclimatology and Adaptation of Livestock (Ed. H. D. Johnson). Elsevier Sci. Publ., Amsterdam, pp. 35-57.

Kaneko, J. J., J. W. Harvey and M. L. Bruss. 1997. Clinical biochemistry of domestic animals. 5th ed. Academic press. London, New York, Tokyo.

Ketelsleger, J. M., D. Maiter, M. Maes, L. E. Underwood and J. P. Thicssen. 1995. Nutritional regulation of insulin-like growth factor-I. Metabolism 44:50-57.

Kirchgessner, M., W. Windisch, W. Schwab and H. L. Muller. 1991. Energy metabolism of lactating dairy cows treated with prolonged-release bovine somatotropin or energy deficiency. J. Dairy Sci. 74:35-43.

Keister, Z. O., K. D. Moss, H. M. Zhang, R. A. Teegerstrom, R. J. Eding and L. A. Ax. 2002. Physiological responses in thermal stressed Jersey cows subjected to different management strategies. J. Dairy Sci. 85:3217-3224. crossref(new window)

Kronfeld, D. S. 1965. Growth hormone-induced ketosis in the cow. J. Dairy Sci. 48:342. crossref(new window)

Maltz, E., N. Silanikove, U. Shalit and A. Berman. 1994. Diurnal fluctuations in plasma ions and water intake of dairy cows as affected by lactation in warm weather. J. Dairy Sci. 77:2630-2639. crossref(new window)

McDowell, G. H. 1991. Somatotropin and endocrine regulation of metabolism during lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 74:44-62.

McDowell, R. E. 1972. Improvement of livestock in warm climates. W.H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco, CA.

Meyer, D. J. and J. W. Harvey. 1998. Evaluation of hepatobiliary system and skeletal muscle and lipid disorders. In: Veterinary Laboratory Medicine. Interpretation and Diagnosis. 2nd edn. (Ed. D. J. Meyer and J. W. Harvey). W. B. Sounders. Philadelphia, London, Toronto, Montreal, Sydney, Tokyo. pp. 157-187.

Moallem, U., G. E. Dahl, E. K. Duffey, A. V. Capuco, D. L.Wood, K. McLeod, R. L. Baldwin, VI and R. A. Erdman. 2004. Bovine somatotropin and rumen-undegradable protein effects in prepubertal dairy heifers: Effects on body composition and organ and tissue weights. J. Dairy Sci. 87:3869-3880. crossref(new window)

Oddy, V. H. and D. B. Lindsay. 1986. Metabolic and hormonal interactions and their potential effectson growth. In: Control and Manipulation of Animal Growth (Ed. P. J. Buttery, N. B. Haynes and D. B. Lindsay). Butterworths, London, England. pp. 231-248.

Payne, J. M. and S. Payne. 1987. The metabolic profile test. Oxford University Press. Oxford, New York, Tokyo. pp. 36-49.

Roil, M. R., G. W. Suckling and J. Mattingley. 1974. Serum total protein and albumin levels in grazing sheep. N.Z. Vet. J. 22:232-236. crossref(new window)

Ronchi, B., U. Bernabucci, N. Lacetera, A. Verini Supplizi and A. Nardone. 1999. Distinct and common effects of heat stress and restricted feeding on metabolic status of Holstein heifers. Zoot. Nutr. Anim. 25:11-20.

Ryan, P. D., M. P. Boland, E. Kopel, D. Armstrong, L. Minyakasi, R. A. Godke and R. H. Ingraham. 1992. Evaluating two different evaporative cooling management systems for dairy cows in hot, dry climates. J. Dairy Sci. 75:1052-1059. crossref(new window)

Skarda, J., E. Markalous, J. Slaba, P. Krejci, O. Skardova and J. Zednik. 1992. Effect of methionyl bovine somatotropin in a prolonged-release vehicle on milk production, hormone profiles and health in dairy cattle. J. Dairy Res. 59:499. crossref(new window)

Schalm, O. W., N. C. Jain and E. J. Carroll. 1975. Veterinary hematology, 3 rd edn. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, USA.

Shibata, M. and A. Mukai. 1979. The effect of environmental temperature on the relationship between ruminal volatile fatty acids and heat production of dry cows. Jpn. J. Zootech. Sci. 50:265-270.

Steen, A. 2001. Field study of dairy cows with reduced appetite in early lactation: clinical examinations, blood and rumen fluid analyses. Acta Vet. Scand. 42:219-228. crossref(new window)

Santos, J. E. P., J. T. Huber, C. B. Theurer, C. B. Nussio, L. G. Nussio, M. Tarazon and D. Fish. 2000. Effects of grain processing and bovine somatotropin on metabolism and ovarian activity of dairy cows during early lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 83:1004-1015. crossref(new window)

Tarazon, H. M., J. T. Hubaer, J. Santos, H. Mena, L. Nusso and C. Nussio. 1999. Effect of bovine somatotropin and evaporative cooling plus shade on lactation performance of cows during summer heat stress. J. Dairy Sci. 82:2352-2357. crossref(new window)

Weller, P. A., M. J. Dauncey, P. C. Bates, J. M. Brameld, P. J. Buttery and R. S. Gilmour. 1994. Regulation of porcine insulin-like growth factor-I and growth hormone receptor m-RNA expression by energy status. Am. J. Physiol. 266:E776-785.

Wang, A. S., D. F. Jan, K. J. Chen, D. W. Yang and Y. K. Fan. 2004. Dietary supplementation of increased milk fat percentage without affecting ruminal characteristics in Holstein cows in a warm tropical environment. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:213-220. crossref(new window)

West, J. W. 1994. Interactions of energy and bovine somatotropin with heat stress. J. Dairy Sci. 71:2091-2102.

West, J. W., B. G. Mullinix and T. G. Sandifer. 1991. Effects of bovine somatotropin on physiologic responses of lactating Holstein and Jersey cows during hot, humid weather. J. Dairy Sci. 74:840-851. crossref(new window)