Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Fermented Red Ginseng Supplementation on Growth Performance, Apparent Nutrient Digestibility, Blood Hematology and Meat Quality in Finishing Pigs
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Fermented Red Ginseng Supplementation on Growth Performance, Apparent Nutrient Digestibility, Blood Hematology and Meat Quality in Finishing Pigs
Ao, X.; Meng, Q.W.; Kim, I.H.;
  PDF(new window)
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of fermented red ginseng (FRG) on growth performance, apparent nutrient digestibility, blood hematology and meat quality in finishing pigs. A total of 96 ((LandraceYorkshire)Duroc) pigs () were randomly allocated into one of the following dietary treatments: i) CON, basal diet; ii) FRG1, basal diet+1 g/kg fermented red ginseng; iii) FRG2, basal diet+2 g/kg fermented red ginseng and iv) FRG3 basal diet+4 g/kg fermented red ginseng. There were 6 replications per treatment with 4 pigs (2 gilts and 2 barrows) per pen. Throughout the whole period of the trial, there were no effects of FRG addition on ADG or G/F. Pigs fed FRG2 diet had lower ADFI (p<0.05) than those fed CON diet during 0-4 weeks while FRG2 and FRG3 treatments decreased ADFI (p<0.05) compared with CON treatment both during 5-8 weeks and the entire experiment. No differences were observed in apparent nutrient digestibility and blood hematology. However, FRG2 and FRG3 administration decreased the drip loss compared with CON (p<0.05). Pigs in FRG2 treatment had higher LMA (p<0.05) and lower WHC (p<0.05) than those in CON treatment. In conclusion, the supplementation of FRG had a minor effect on performance while partially improved meat quality in finishing pigs.
Fermented Red Ginseng;Finishing Pigs;Growth Performance;Meat Quality;
 Cited by
Effects of Anti-diarrhoeal Herbs on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, and Meat Quality in Pigs,;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2012. vol.25. 11, pp.1595-1604 crossref(new window)
Pig Feeding under the Potato-green Forage Base System with or without Addition of Herbs versus a Concentrate Based System: Effect on Post-slaughter Performance and Pork Characteristics,;;;;

아세아태평양축산학회지, 2014. vol.27. 5, pp.683-689 crossref(new window)
Pig Feeding under the Potato-green Forage Base System with or without Addition of Herbs versus a Concentrate Based System: Effect on Post-slaughter Performance and Pork Characteristics, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2014, 27, 5, 683  crossref(new windwow)
L. residues on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, serum biochemical parameters and immune function in weaned piglets, Animal Science Journal, 2015, 86, 8, 790  crossref(new windwow)
Growth Performance and Fatty Acid Profiles of Broilers Given Diets Supplemented with Fermented Red Ginseng Marc Powder Combined with Red Koji, Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola, 2016, 18, 4, 733  crossref(new windwow)
AOAC. 1995. Official method of analysis. 16th Edition Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.

Buckenhuskes, H., H. A. Jensen, R. Andersson, A. G. Fernandez and M. Rodrigo. 1990. Fermented vegetables. In: Processing and Quality of Foods, vol. 2 (Ed. P. Zeuthen, J. C. Cheftel, C. Eriksson, T. R. Gormley, P. Linko and K. Paulus). Food Biotechnology: Avenues to Healthy and Nutritious Products. Elsevier London.

Chang, S. J., J. S. Suh, B. H. Jeon, K. Y. Nam and H. K. Park. 1994. Vasorelaxing effect by protopanaxatriol and protopanaxadiol of Panax ginseng in the pig coronary artery. Korean. J. Ginseng. Sci. 18:95-101.

Guo, F. C., R. P. Kwakkel, B. A. Williams and H. K. Parmentier. 2004. Effects of mushroom and herb polysaccharides on cellular and humoral immune responses of Eimeria tenella-infected chickens. Poult. Sci. 83:1124-1132. crossref(new window)

Gillis, C. N. 1997. Panax ginseng pharmacology: a nitric oxide link? Biochem. Pharmacol. 54:1. crossref(new window)

Honikel, K. O. 1998. Reference methods for the assessment of physical characteristic of meat. Meat Sci. 49:447-457. crossref(new window)

Hu, Y. J., Y. C. Lin, G. L. Zhou and D. Q. Yu. 2003. Effect of Chinese extracts on performance and Tlymphocyte cell subset of yellow broilers. China Poult. 12:14-17.

Han, K., I. C. Shin, K. J. Choi, Y. P. Yun, J. T. Hong and K. W. Oh. 2005. Korea red ginseng water extract increases nitric oxide concentrations in exhaled breath. Nitric Oxide 12:159-162. crossref(new window)

Ilsley, S. E., H. M. Miller and C. Kamel. 2005. Effects of dietary quillaja saponin and curcumin on the performance and immune status of weaned piglets. J. Anim. Sci. 83:82-88.

Jang, H. D., H. J. Kim, B. J. Min, J. H. Cho, Y. G. Chen, J. S. Yoo, J. J. Lee, M. H. Han and I. H. Kim. 2007. Effects of fermented wild-ginseng culture by-products on growth performance, blood characteristics, meat quality and ginsenoside concentration of meat in finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Kor.) 49(3):329-340. crossref(new window)

Jang, H. D., E. J. Hahn, W. K. Jeon, K. Y. Paek, H. J. Kim, S. O. Shin, I. C. Kim, J. C. Park, J. D. Kim and I. H. Kim. 2008. Effects of dietary wild-ginseng adventitious root meal on growth performance, blood characteristics and meat quality in growing-finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Kor.) 50(5):677-686. crossref(new window)

Jo, J. S., Y. N. Han, H. I. Oh, H. Park, H. S. Sung and J. I. Park. 1995. Korean ginseng has a characteristicshape. Pages 37-38 in Understanding of Korean Ginseng. Hanrimwon Publishing Co., Seoul Korea.

Jugl-Chizzola, M., E. Ungerhofer, C. Gabler, W. Hagmuller, R. Chizzola, K. Zitterl-Eglseer and C. Franz. 2006. Testing of the palatability of Thymus vulgaris L. and Origanum vulgare L. as flavouring feed additive for weaner pigs on the basis of a choice experiment. Berl. Munch. Tierarztl. Wochenschr. 119:238-243.

Kauffman, R. G., G. Eikelenboom, P. G. vander wal, B. Engel and M. Zaar. 1986. A comparison of methods to estimate waterholding capacity in post-rigor porcine muscle. Meat Sci. 18:307-322. crossref(new window)

Kiefer, D. and T. Pantuso. 2003. Panax ginseng. Am. Farm Physician. 68:1539-1542.

Kong, X. F., Y. L. Hu, Y. L. Yin, G. Y. Wu, R. Rui, D. Y. Wang and C. B. Yang. 2006. Chinese herbal ingredients are effective immune stimulators for chickens infected with the Newcastle disease virus. Poult. Sci. 85:2169-2175. crossref(new window)

Kwon, O. S., J. H. Cho, B. J. Min, H. J. Kim, Y. G. Chen, J. S. Yoo, I. H. Kim, J. C. La and H. K. Park. 2005. Effect of supplemental medicinal plants (Artemisia, Acanthopanax and garlic) on growth performance, IGF-1 and meat quality characteristics in growing-finishing pigs. Kor. J. Food Sci. Anim. Res. 25:316-321.

Lindahl, I. L., W. T. Shalkop, R. W. Dougherty, C. R. Thompson, G. R. Van Atta, E. M. Bickoff, E. D. Walter, A. G. Livingston, J. Guggolz, R. H. Wilson, M. B. Sideman and F. De Eds. 1957. Alfalfa saponins. Studies on their chemical, pharmacological, and physiological properties in relation to ruminant bloat. USDA Technical Bulletin No. 1161, Washington, DC.

Min, Y. K., S. H. Chung, J. S. Lee and S. S. Kim. 2003. Red ginseng inhibits exercise-induced increase in 5 Hydroxytryptamine synthesis and tryptophan Hydroxylase expression in dorsal raphe of rats. J. Pharmacol. Sci. 93:218-221. crossref(new window)

NPPC. 1991. Procedures to Evaluate Market Hogs (3rd Ed.). National Pork Producers Council, Des Moines, IA.

NRC. 1998. Nutrient requirements of swine (9th Ed.). National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

Nousiainen, J. and J. Setala. 1993. Lactic acid bacteria as animal probiotics. In: Lactic Acid Bacteria (Ed. S. Salminen and A. von Wright). Marcel Dekker, Inc, New York, USA.

Ozer, H., M. Sokme, M. n Gulluce, A. Adiguzel, F. Sahin, A. Sokmen, H. Kilic and O. Baris. 2007. Chemical composition and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oil and methanol extract of Hippomarathum microcarpum (Bieb.) from Turkey. J. Agric. Food Chem. 55:937-942. crossref(new window)

Palazon, J., R. M. Cusido, M. Bonfil, A. Mallol, E. Moyamo, C. Marales and M. T. Pinol. 2003. Elicitation of different Panax ginseng transformed root phenotypes for an improvement ginsenoside production. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 41:1019-1025. crossref(new window)

SAS. 1996. SAS user's guide: Statistics. Version 7.0. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.

Seol, J. W., J. H. Park, J. S. Chae, H. S. Kang, K. S. Ryu, C. S. Kang and S. Y. Park. 2010. The effect of oral administration of tissue culture medium waste of Korean wild ginseng on meat quality of broiler chickens. Kor. J. Poult. Sci. 37(2):151-158. crossref(new window)

Shin, H. R., J. Y. Kim, T. K. Yun, G. Morgan and H. Vainio. 2000. The cancer-preventive potential of Panax ginseng: a review of human and experimental evidence. Cancer Causes Control 11:565-576. crossref(new window)

Simon, O., W. Vahjen and L. Scharek. 2003. Micro-organisms as feed additives probiotics. Pages 295-318 in Proc. 9th Int. Symp. Dig. Physiol. Pigs. Banff, Alberta, Canada.

Tong, J. M., R. N. Sa, Z. W. Shan, X. M. Zhu and Q. Zhang. 2004. Effect of polysavone on performance in broiler chickens and weaning pigs. Chin. Anim. Husb. Vet. Med. 31:19-21.

Wu, J. and J. J. Zhong. 1999. Production of ginseng and its bioactive components in plant cell culture: Current technological and applied aspects. J. Biotechnol. 68:89-99. crossref(new window)

Wei, A. and T. Shibamoto. 2007. Antioxidant activities and volatile constituents of various essential oils. J. Agric. Food Chem. 55:1737-1742. crossref(new window)

Zhang, X., L. Yu, H. T. Bi, X. H. Li, W. H. Ni, H. Han, N. Li, B. Q. Wang, Y. F. Zhou and G. H. Tai. 2009. Total fractionation and characterization of the water-soluble polysaccharides isolated from Panax ginseng. Carbohyd. Polym. 77:544-552. crossref(new window)