Alexandratos, N. 1995 World Agriculture towards 2010. FAO, Rome, Italy, p. 488.
Awaludin, R. and H. Othman. 004.Economics and integration of goat marketing under oil palm. Proc. National Seminar on Livestock and crop integration, Malaysian Palm Oil Board, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, p. 49-54.
Chen, C. P., H. K. Wong and I. Dahalan. 1993. Herbivores and the plantations. Proc. Third Int. Symp. on the Nutrition of Herbivores (Ed. Y. W. Ho) Penang, Malaysia, p.71-81.
Chen, C. P., I. Tajuddin and D. T. Chong. 1996. Strategies for the entrepreneurship of livestock integration in plantation systems (Ed. H. Sharif and C. C. Wong, J. B. Liang, W. E. Wan Khadijah and I. Zulfikli). New perspectives in animal production, MARDI, Serdang, Malaysia, pp. 101-117.
Congyi, Y. and G. Yixian. 1995. Rice-based crop-animal systems in China. In Crop-animal Interactions (Ed. C. Devendra and C. Sevilla), IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines, pp. 381-394.
CRIFC (Central Research Institute for Food Crops). 1995. Fianl Report on Crop-animal systems research, Bogor, Indonesia, p. 61.
Das, T. K. 1991. Economic viability of coconut based farming systems in India. J. Plantation Crops 19:191-201.
Deocareza, A. G. 1993. Animal production on improved pasture crops under coconuts. Proc. 3rd Meeting of the Regional Working Group on Grazing and Feed Resources of Southeast Asia. Khon Kaen, Thailand, pp. 189-193.
Devendra, C. 1989. Ruminant production systems in the developing countries: resource utilisation. In: Feeding strategies for improved productivity of ruminant livestock in developing countries, IAEA, Vienna, Austria, pp. 5-30.
Devendra, C. 1991. The potential for integration of small ruminants and tree cropping in South East Asia. Wrld. Anim. Rev. (FAO), 66:13-22.
Devendra, C. 1995. Mixed farming and intensification of animal production systems in Asia. Proc. ILRI/FAO Roundtable on livestock development in low income countries, (Ed. R. T. Wilson, S. Ehui and S. Mack) International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp. 133-144.
Devendra, C. 1996. Overview of integrated animals-crops-fish production systems: achievements and future potential. Proc. Symp. on Integrated systems of animal production in the Asian region, Tokyo, Japan. (Ed. H. Hayakawa, M. Sasaki and K. Kimura). FAO, Rome. Italy, pp. 9-22.
Devendra, C. 2004. Integrated tree crops - ruminants systems. The potential importance of the oil palm. Outlook Agric. 33:157-166.
Devendra, C. 2007a. Perspectives on animal production systems in Asia. Livest. Sci. 106:1-18.
Devendra, C. 2007b. Small farm systems to feed hungry Asia. Outlook Agric. 36:7-20.
Devendra, C. 2007c. Integrated tree-crops ruminant systems: expanding the research and development frontiers in the oil palm. Proc. Workshop on integrated tree crops- ruminant systems (ITCRS): assessment of status and opportunities in Malaysia (Ed. C. Devendra, S. Shanmugavelu and H. K. Wong). Academy of Science, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 1-23.
Devendra, C. 2007d. Goats: biology, production and development in Asia. Academy of Sciences Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, p. 246.
Devendra, C. 2009. Intensification of integrated oil palm-ruminant systems: enhancing increased productivity and sustainability in South East Asia. Outlook Agric. 38:71-82.
Devendra, C. 2010a. Food production from animals in Asia: priority for expanding the development frontiers. Academy of Sciences Malaysia Sci. J. 4:173-184.
Devendra, C. 2010b. Small farms in Asia. Revitalising agricultural production, food security and rural prosperity. Academy of Sciences Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, p. 175.
Devendra, C. 2010c. Food production from animals in Asia: priority for expanding the development frontiers. ASM Science J. 4:173-184.
Devendra, C. and C. Chantalakhana. 2002. Animals, poor people and food insecurity: opportunities for improved livelihoods through natural resource management. Outlook Agric. 31:161-176.
Devendra, C. and V. F. Hew. 1977. The utilisation of varying levels of dietary palm oil by growing-finishing pigs. MARDI Res. Bull. 6:76-87.
Devendra, C. and R. A. Leng. 2011. Feed resources for animals in Asia: Issues, strategies for use, intensification and integration for increased productivity. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 24:303-321.
Devendra, C. and D. Lewis. 1974. Fats in the ruminant diet. A review. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 44:917-938.
Devendra, C. and D. Pezo. 2004. Crop-animal systems in Asia and Latin America: Characteristics, trends and emerging challenges. Comparison with West Africa. Proc. Int. Conf. on Sustainable crop-livestock production for improved livelihoods and natural resource management (Eds. T. O. Williams, S. A. Tarawali, P. Hiernaux and S. Fernandez-Rivera). International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Nairobi. Kenya, pp. 123-159.
Devendra, C. and D. Thomas. 2002. Crop-animal interactions in mixed farming systems in Asia. Agric. Syst. 7:27-40.
Edwards, P., R. S. V. Pullin and J. A. Gartner. 1988. Research and education for the development of crop-livestock-fish farming systems in the tropics. ICLARM Studies and Reviews No. 16:53.
Fadzil Mohammad. 2003. The economics and marketing of beef cattle integrated systematically with oil palm. Proc. 2nd National Seminar on Livestock and crop integration with oil palm. Malaysian Palm Oil Board, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 37-39.
Haji Basir Ismail, Tan Sri and Dato 'Seri. 2005. Land agricultural policy: a mismatch. Malaysian Palm Oil Board, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 357-361.
Hulshof, R. B. A., A. Berndt, J. J. A. A. Demarchi, W. J. J. Gerrits and H. B. Perdok. 2010. 'Dietary nitrate supplementation reduces methane emission in beef cattle fed sugarcane-based diets'. In: Greenhouse gases and Anim. Agric. Conf. October 3-8, 2010 Banff, Canada (Mimeograph)
Johnson, D. F., O. Poungchompu and M. Wanapat. 2005. Greenhouse gas production from livestock production systems. Proc. Int. Conf. on livestock-crop systems to meet the challenges of globalization (Ed. P. Rawlinson, C. Wachirapakorn, P. Pakdee and M. Wanapat). Khon Kaen, Thailand, 1:36-47.
Kabul, M. A. 2007. Integrated tree crops-ruminant system in Sawit Kinabalu Berhad, Sabah. Proc. Integrated tree crops- ruminant Systems, (ITCRS): assessment of status and opportunities in Malaysia, (Ed. C. Devendra, S. Shanmugavelu and H. K. Wong). Academy of Sciences, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 127-133.
Kalyana Sundram. 1997. Modulation of human lipids and lipoproteins by dietary palm oil and palm olein: a review. Asia-Pacific J. Clin. Nutr. 6:12-16.
Khan, H. 2007. Development of integrated tree crops-ruminant systems by the department of agriculture, Sarawak. Proc. Workshop on Integrated tree crops- ruminant systems (ITCRS): assessment of status and opportunities in Malaysia, (Ed. C. Devendra, S. Shanmugavelu and H. K. Wong). Academy of Sciences, Kuala Lumpur ,Malaysia, pp. 67-74.
Khosla, P. and Kalyana Sundram. 2011. Nutritional characteristics of palm oil Woodhead Publishing Ltd, United Kingdom, pp. 112-127.
Kochpakdee, S., W. Pralomkorn, S. Saithanoo, A. Lawpetchara and B. W. Norton. 1994. Grazing management and studies with Thai goats. 1. Productivity of female goats grazing newly established pasture with varying levels of supplementary feeding. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 7:289-293.
Laquihon, G. A., G. Suico and W. A. Laquihon. 1997. Integration of salt management of crop/livestock in slope land areas: the case of super SALT (sloping agriculture land technology). In: Proc. Int. Workshop in Sustainable in crop-livestock integration in sloping lands of Asia, Davao, Philippines (Mimeograph, p. 21).
Leng, R. A. 2008. The potential of feeding nitrate to reduce enteric methane production in ruminants. A Report to The Department of Climate Change. Commonwealth Government of Australia. Canberra, ACT. Australia. http://www.penambulbooks.com
Liang, J. B. and S. Rahman. 1985. Dual-purpose (drought-meat) buffalo: the last resort to save the dying species in Malaysia. Proc. 1st. World Buffalo Congr., University of Cairo, Cairo, Egypt, pp. 926-928.
Lima, M. A., O. Primavasi, J. J. Dermachi, M. Manella and R. T. Frighetto. 2004. Inventory improvements for methne emissions from ruminants in Brazil, Rpt. to the Environment Protection Agency (EPA), USA (Mimeograph).
Liyanage de Silva, M., H. P. S. Jaysundera, D. N. S. Fernando and M. T. N. Fernando. 1993. Integration of legume-based pasture and cattle into coconut growing systems in Sri Lanka. J. Asian Farming Systems Assoc., 1:579-588.
Mahadevan, P. and C. Devendra. 1986. Present and projected ruminant production systems iSouth East Asia and the South Pacific. Proc. Forages in South East Asia and the Pacific, ACIAR Proc. No. 12, ACIAR, Canberra, Ausralia, pp.1-6.
Maheswarappa, H. P., M. R. Hegde, R. Dhanapal, C. V. Sairam, and T. V. Singh. 2001. Impact of integrated mixed farming system in coconut (Cocos nucifera) garden on coconut yield and economic analysis. Indian J. Agronomy 46:51-53.
MEA (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment). 2005. Current State and trends (Eds. R. Hassan, R. Scholes and N. Ash). 1:133-134.
Mohd. Basri Wahid, Z. Z. Zakaria, R. Awaludin and S. Ismail. 2004. Proc. 2nd National Seminar on Livestock and crop integration with oil palm, MPOB, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, p. 152.
MPOA (Malaysian Palm Oil Association). 2005. Cruel oil: How palm oil harms health, rainforest and wildlife. Special Rpt. to The World Bank, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 2-8.
MPOB (Malaysian Palm Oil Board). 2007. Malaysian oil palm statistic 2006, 26 Edn. (Mimeograph), Economic and Statistic Development Division, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
Nasir, B., H. Ragu and A. Fadila. 2007. Integrated tree crops-livestock farming: experience in FELCRA Bhd. Proc. Integrated tree crops- ruminant systems, (ITCRS): assessment of status and opportunities in Malaysia (Ed. C. Devendra, S. Shanmugavelu and H. K. Wong). Academy of Sciences, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 102-111.
Nitis, I. M., K. Lana, W. Sukanten, M. Suarna and S. Putra. 1990. The concept and development of the three strata forage system. Shrubs and tree fodders for farm animals (Ed. C. Devendra). International Development Research Centre, IDRC-276e, Ottawa, Canada, pp. 92-102.
Nguyen, V. N. and X. D. Than. 2005. Crop-goat integration in upland farming systems in north eastern Vietnam, Proc. Int. Workshop on small ruminant production (Ed. I. Ledin), Hanoi, Vietnam, pp. 121-126.
Nguyen Ngoc Anh, Khuc Thi Hue, Duong Nguyen Khang and T. R. Preston. 2010. Effect of calcium nitrate as NPN source on growth performance and methane emissions of goats fed sugar cane supplemented with cassava foliage. Proc. MEKARN Conf. 2010 Livestock Production, climate change and resource depletion. http://www.mekarn.org/workshops/pakse/abstracts/anh_grrc.htm
Nolan, J. V., R. S. Hegarty, J. Hegarty, I. R. Godwin and R. Woodgate. 2010. Use of supplementary nitrate to mitigate methane production and provide rumen degradable N for ruminants. J. Anim. Sci. 50(7) (In press).
OECD-FAO 2010. Agricultural outlook 2010-2019. Highlights, organisation for economic co-operation and development, Paris, France,and the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
Ongah, H. 2004. Estate experience II- the husbandry of systematic beef cattle integration Proc. 2nd National Seminar on Livestock and Crop Integration with Oil Palm, MPOB, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 32-36.
Otaru, S. M., O. W. Adamu, O.W. Ehoche and H. J. Makun. 2011. Effects of varying the level of palm oil on feed intake and milk yield and composition and postpartum weight changes of Red Sokoto goats. Small Rumin. Res. 96:25-35.
PCARRD. 1994. Philippines recommends for sustainable integrated small ruminants-coconut systems. PCARRD Philippines Series No. 77, PCARRD, Los Banos, Philippines, p. 57.
Pretty, J. N., I. R. Noble, D. Bossio, J. Dixon, R. E. Hine, W. I. Penny De Vries and I. L. Morrison. 2006. Policy analysis. Environmemntal Science and Technology, 40:1114-1116.
Prucsasri, P. and S. Thanomwongwathana. 1995. Integration of beef cattle and baby mize production. In Crop-animal Interactions (Eds. C. Devendra, and C. Sevilla). IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines, p. 241-247.
Reynolds. S. G. 1995. Pasture-cattle-coconuts systems. FAO/RAPA Publ. 1995/7.Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, FAO, Bangkok, Thailand, p. 668.
Salim, M. S. 2003. Planning on systematic integration of beef cattle with oil palm. Proc. 2nd National Seminar on Livestock and crop integration with oil palm. pp. 25-31.
Samsuddin, S. 1991. System operated by estate contractors. Seminar on economic benefit from integration of cattle under oil palm, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia (Mimeograph).
San NuNu and B. J. Deaton. 1999. Feasibility of integrating sheep and crops with rubber production systems in Indonesia. J. Agribusiness 17:05-122.
Sivaraj, S., P. Agamuthu and T. K. Mukherjee. 1993. Advances in sustainable small ruminant-tree cropping integrated systems, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, p. 243.
Steinfeld, H. 1999. The industrialisation of livestock production in the light of the Asian economic crisis. Proc. Workshop on the Implications of the Asian economic crisis on the livestock industry. FAO, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 27-40.
Sukri, M. I. and I. Dahlan. 1984. Feedlot and semi-feedlot systems for beef cattle fattening among smallholders. Proc. 8th Ann. Conf., Malaysian Society of Animal Production, Getting Highlands, Malaysia, pp. 74-78.
Thein, N., N. Cong Quoc, D. Xuan Tuyen and M. Sasaki. 1996. Rice-fish-duck-pig production in Vietnam. Proc. Symp. on Integrated systems of animal production. in the Asian region, Tokyo, Japan (Ed. H. Hayakawa, M. Sasaki and K. Kimura). FAO, Rome. Italy, pp. 53-57.
Trinh Phuc Hao, Ho Quang Do, T. R. Preston and R. A. Leng. 2009. Nitrate as a fermentable nitrogen supplement for goats fed forage based diets low in true protein. Livestock Research for Rural Dev. Vol. 21, Article No.10. http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd21/1/trin21010.htm
van Zijderveld, S. M., W. J. J. Gerrits, J. A. Apajalahti, J. R. Newbold, J. Dijkstra, R. A. Leng and H. B. Perdok. 2010a. Nitrate and sulfate: effective alternative hydrogen sinks for mitigation of ruminal methane production in sheep. J. Dairy Sci. 93:5856-5866.
van Zijderveld, S. M., J. Dijkstra, W. J. J. Gerrits, J. R. Newbold and H. B. Perdok. 2010b. Dietary nitrate persistently reduces enteric methane production in lactating dairy cows In: Greenhouse Gases and Anim. Agric. Conf. October 3-8, 2010 Banff, Canada (Quoted by Hulshof et al., 2010).
Watson, R. I., I. R. Noble, B. Ravindranath, D. J. Verado and D. J. Dokken. 2000. Intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC), Special report on land use change and forestry, IPCC Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland (Mimeograph).
Wong, C. C. and F. Y. Chin. 1998. Meeting the nutrient requirement of beef cattle from forages in the oil palm plantations. MARDI, Serdang. Selangor (Mimeograph, p. 18).
Wong, C. C. and M. N. Samiah. 1998. Integrasi ternakan ruminant dengan tanaman utama, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), Serdang, Malaysia (Mimeograph, p. 159).
Zainudin, Y. 2007. Integrated framing in oil palm estatesruminants in FELDA plantations. Proc. Workshop on integrated tree crops- ruminant systems (ITCRS): Assessment of status and Opportunities in Malaysia, (Ed. C. Devendra, S. Shanmugavelu and H. K. Wong). Academy of Sciences, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 112-121.