Agarwal, N., C. Shekar, R. Kumar, L. C. Chaudhary and D. N. Kamra. 2009. Effect of pipermint (Mentha piperita) oil on formentation of food and methanogenesis in in vitro gas production test. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 148:321-327.
Agarwal, N., D. N. Kamra, P. N. Chatterjee, R. Kumar and L. C. Chaudhary. 2008. In vitro methanogenesis, microbial profile and fermentation of green forages with buffalo rumen liquor as influenced by 2-bromoethanesulphonic acid. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 21:818-823.
Agarwal, N., I. Agarwal, D. N. Kamra and L. C. Chaudhary. 2000. Diurnal variations in the activities of hydrolytic enzymes in different fractions of rumen contents of murrah buffaloes. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 18:73-80.
Ammar, H., S. Lopez, S. Andres, M. J. Ranilla, R. Bodas and J. S. Gonzalez. 2008. In vitro digestibility and fermentation kinetics of some browse plants using sheep or goat rumen fluid as the source of inoculum. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 10:1016.
AOAC 1995. Official methods of analysis, 16th ed., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.
Barman, K. and S. N. Rai. 2008. In vitro nutrient digestibility, gas production and tannin metabolites of Acacia nilotica pods in goats. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 21:59-65.
Bermingham, E. N., K. D. Hutchinson, D. K. Revell, Brooks and W. C. McNabb. 2001. The effect of condensed tannic in sainfoin and Sulla on the digestion of amino acids in sheep. Proc. N.L. Soc. Anim. Prod. 61:116-119.
Bhatta, R., A. K. Shinde, S. Vaithiyanathan, S. K. Sankhyan and D. L. Verma. 2002. Effect of polyethylene glycol-6000 on nutrient intake, digestion and growth of kids browsing Prosopic cineararia. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 101:45-54.
Butler, L. G. 1992. Biochemical mechanisms of the antinutritional effect of tannins in Phenolic compound food and their effects in health analysis (Ed. C. Ho. G. Y. Lee and Mcluns). Occurrence of chemistry. pp. 298. ACS Symposium Series SOC, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.
Dehority, B. A., P. A. Tirabasso and A. P. Jr. Grifo. 1989. Most probable number procedure for enumerating ruminal bacteria, including the simultaneous estimation of total and cellulolytic numbers in one medium. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55:2789-2792.
Denman, S. E. and C. S. McSweeney. 2005. Quantitative (realtime) PCR. In: Methods in Gut Microbial Ecology for Ruminants (Ed. H. P. S. Makkar, C. S. McSweeney). Springer, Netherlands, pp. 105-115.
Getachew, G., W. Pittroff, D. H. Putnam, A. Dandekar, S. Goyal, and E. J. De Peters. 2008. The influence of addition of gallic acid, tannic acid, or quebracho tannins to alfalfa hay on in vitro rumen fermentation and microbial protein synthesis. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 140:444-461.
Granum, G., M. Wanapat, P. Pakdee, C. Wachirapakorn and W. Toburan. 2007. A comparative study on the effect of cassava hay supplementation in swamp buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) and cattle (Bos indicus). Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20:1389-1396.
Hove, L., J. H. Topps, S. Sibanda and L. R. Ndlovu. 2001. Nutrient intake and utilization by goats fed dried leaves of the shrub legumes Acacia angustissima, Calliandra calothyrsus and Leucaena leucocephala as supplements to native pasture hay. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 91:95-110.
Hristov, A. N., T. A. McAllister, F. H. J. Van Herk, K. J. Cheng, C. J. Newbold and P. R. Cheeke. 1999. Effect of Yucca shidigera extract on ruminal fermentation and nutrient digestion in heifers. J. Anim. Sci. 77:2554-2563.
Hungate, R. E. 1966. Rumen and its microbes, Academic Press, New York.
IAEA, 2004. qPCR workshop for Rumen microbial ecology. International Atomic Energy Agency, pp 1-38, Australia
Mahmood, S., M. A. Khan, M. Sarwar, M. Nisa, W. S. Lee, S. B. Kim, T. Y. Hur, H. J. Lee and H. S. Kim. 2007. Use of chemical treatments to reduce tannins and trypsin inhibitor contents in salseed (Shorea robusta) meal. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20:1462 -1467.
Makkar, H. P. S. 2003. Quantification of tannins in tree and shrub foliage: A laboratory manual. Kluwer Academic Press Netherlands.
Makkar, H. P. S., B. Singh and R. K. Dawra. 1988. Effect of tannin-rich leaves of oak on various microbial enzyme activities of the bovine rumen. Br. J. Nutr. 60:287-296.
Makkar, H. P. S., K. Beeker, H. Abel and C. Szegletti. 1995. Degradation of condensed tannins by rumen microbes expend to quebracho tannins (QT) in rumen simulation technique (RUJITEC) and effects of QT a fermentation diseases in the Rujitec. J. Sci. Food Agric. 69:495-500.
McSweeny, C. S., B. Palmer, D. M. McNeill and D. O. Krause. 2001. Microbial interactions with tannins: nutritional consequences for ruminant. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 82:227-241.
McSweeny, C. S., B. Palmer, D. O. Krause and J. D. Brooker. 1999. Rumen microbial ecology and physiology in sheep and goats fed a tannin containing dict. In: Tannins in Livestock and Human Nutrition. Proc. International Workshop, Adelaide, Australia, 31 May-2 June, 1999, pp. 140-145.
Mehanso, H., L. G. Butler and D. M. Carlson. 1987. Dietary tannins and salivary proline rich proteins, interactions, induction and defence mechanism. Annu. Rev. Nutr. 7:243-440.
Min, B. R., G. T. Attwood, K. Reilly, W. Sun, J. S. Peters, T. N. Barry and W. C. McNabb. 2002. Lotus corniculatus condensed tannins decrease in vivo populations of proteolytic bacteria and affect nitrogen metabolism in the rumen of sheep. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 48:911-921.
Min, B. R., T. N. Barry, G. T. Attwood and W. C. McNabb. 2003. The effect of condensed tannins on the nutrition and health of ruminants bed fresh temperature forages: A review. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 106:1-9.
Monforte, B. G. E., C. C. A. Sandoval, A. L. Ramirez and L. C. M. Capetille. 2005. Defaunating capacity or tropical fodder trees: effect of PEG and its relationship to in vitro gas production. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 123:313-327.
Mueller-Hervey, I. 2006. Unravelling the conundrum of tannins in animal nutrition and health. J. Sci. Food Agric. 86:2010-2037.
Ndluvo, L. R. 2000. Tannins in animal agriculture friend or foe. In: Proc. South African Soc. Anim. Sci. Congress, 25-27 July 2000, pp. 51-52.
Nelson, K. A., P. Schofield and S. Zinder. 1995. Isolation and characterization of an anaerobic ruminal bacterium capable of degrading hydrolysable tannins. Appl. Environ. Micrbiol. 61: 3293-3298.
NRC. 2007. Nutrient requirments of small ruminants. The National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
Obispo, N. E. and B. A. Dehority. 1992. A most probable number method for enumeration of rumen fungi with studies on factors affecting their concentration in the rumen. J. Microbial. Methods 16:259-270.
Patra, A. K., D. N. Kamra and N. Agarwal. 2006. Effect of plants extract on in vitro methanogenesis, enzyme activity and fermentation of feed in rumen liquor of buffalo. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 128:270-291.
Reed, J. D. 1995. Nutritional toxicology of tannins and related polyphenols in forage legumes. J. Anim. Sci. 73:1516-1528.
Rittuner, U. and J. D. Reed. 1992. Phenolics and in vitro degradibility on protein and fibre in West African Brown. J. Sci. Food Agric. 52:4.
Robbins, C. T., A. E., Hagerman, P. J. Austin, C. McArthur and T. A. Hanley. 1991. Variation in mammal physiological response to condensed tannins and its ecological implication. J. Mammal. 72:480-486.
Scharenberg, A., M. Kreuzer and F. Dohme. 2009. Suitability of sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) hay as a supplement to fresh grass in dairy cows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 22:1005-1015.
Tjakradidjaja, A. S., J. D. Brooker and C. D. K. Bottema. 1999. Characterization of tannin resistant bacteria from the rumen fluid of feral goats and camels with restriction analysis of amplified 16S rDNA. In: Tannins in livestock and human nutrition. Proc. Int. Workshop, Adelaide, Australia, 31 May-2 June, 1999 pp. 151-155.
Van Soest, P. J., J. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fire neutral detergent fibre and non-starch polysaccharide in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74: 3583-3597.
Wallace, R. J., N. R. McEvan, F. M. McIntosh, B. Teferedegne and C. J. Newbold. 2002. Natural products as manipulators of rumen fermentation. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15:1458-1468.