Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Effects of Copper Supplementation on the Performance and Hematological Parameters of Broiler Chickens
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Effects of Copper Supplementation on the Performance and Hematological Parameters of Broiler Chickens
Samanta, B.; Ghosh, P.R.; Biswas, A.; Das, S.K.;
  PDF(new window)
To determine the efficiency of copper (Cu) supplementation, a feeding experiment was carried out with 240 day old broiler chicks (vencobb-100). Birds were divided into four dietary treatments: i) C - no additives, ii) -75 mg inclusion of Cu/kg diet, iii) -150 mg inclusion of Cu/kg diet, iv) -250 mg inclusion of Cu/kg diet. The present study was carried out in the Department of Animal Physiology, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata, India for a period of 42 days (6 weeks). Growth performance was measured in terms of live weight gain, cumulative feed intake and feed conversion ratio at the end of and day of the experiment and the result was found to be encouraging for commercial enterprises when the chickens were fed at 150 mg Cu/kg () of their diet. Excess dietary copper more than 150 mg/kg reduced the haemoglobin (Hb) concentration in blood and resulted in the accumulation of copper in the liver with decreased blood Hb concentration and packed cell volumes (PCV). Copper supplementation increased the total erythrocyte count (TEC) as copper is involved in erythropoiesis. But, from the result it is indicated that the dietary copper concentration could not alter the total leukocyte count (TLC). In case of different leucocytes count (DLC), there were no significant differences observed among the different treated groups. Statistical analysis showed significant (p<0.01) difference in plasma concentration of copper, zinc, ferrous and cholesterol among the different copper treated groups. The result indicates that supplementation of copper is an effective way of improving the production performance and haematological parameters in broiler chicken.
Copper;Haemoglobin;Blood Parameters;Feed Intake;Broiler Chicken;
 Cited by
Effects of Dietary Supplementation with Vitamin C and Vitamin E and Their Combination on Growth Performance, Some Biochemical Parameters, and Oxidative Stress Induced by Copper Toxicity in Broilers, Biological Trace Element Research, 2014, 158, 2, 186  crossref(new windwow)
Bakalli, R. I. and G. M. Pesti. 1995. Dietary copper in excess of nutritional requirement reduce plasma and breast muscle cholesterol of chicken. Poult. Sci. 74:360-365. crossref(new window)

Biswas, A., J. Mohan and K. V. H. Sastry. 2006. Effect of higher levels of dietary selenium on growth performance and immune response in growing quail. Br. Poult. Sci. 47(4):511-515. crossref(new window)

Cannan, R. K. 1958. Clinical chemistry 4:246-251 (c.f.-Practical clinical Biochemistry, Varley, H. 1991. Vol-I, 5th Edn. CBS publishers and Distributors pp-479-480).

Cromwell, T. E., T. S. Stahly and H. J. Monegue. 1989. Effect of source and level of copper on performance and liver copper stores in weanling pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 67:2996-3002.

Dove, C. R. and K. D. Haydon. 1991. The effect of copper addition to diets with various iron levels on the performance hematology of weanling swine. J. Anim. Sci. 69(5):2013-2019.

Duncan, B. D. 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics 11:1-12. crossref(new window)

Elliot, J. I. and J. P. Bowland. 1968. Effect of dietary copper sulfate on the fatty acid compositon of porcine depot fat. J. Anim. Sci. 27:956-960.

Engle, T. E., J. W. Spears, T. A. Armstrong, C. L. Wright and J. Odle. 2000. Effect of dietary copper source and concentration on carcass characteristic and lipid and cholesterol metabolism in growing and finishing steers. J. Anim. Sci. 78:1053-1059.

Jain, N. C. 1986. Schalam's veterinary haematology.4th Edn. Lea and Febigner, Philadelphia. pp. 239.

Kim, S., P. Y. Chao and G. D. Allen. 1992. Inhibition of elevated hepatic glutathione abolishes copper deficiency cholesterolaemia. FASEB J. 6:2467-2471.

Konjufca, V. H., G. M. Pesti and R. I. Bakalli. 1997. Modulation of cholesterol levels in broiler meat by dietary garlic and copper. Poult. Sci. 76:1264-1271. crossref(new window)

McNanghton, J. L. and E. J. Day. 1979. Effect of dietary Fe to Cu ratio on haematological and growth responses of broiler chicken. J. Nutr. 109(4):559-564.

Mkino, T. and K. Takahara. 1981. Direct determination of plasma, copper and zinc in infants by atomic absorption with discrete Nebulisation. Clin. Chem. 27:1445.

Ozcelik, D., S. Toplan, S. Ozdemir and M. C. Akyolan. 2002. Effects of excessive copper intake on haematological and haemorheological parameter. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 89(8):35-42. crossref(new window)

Roof, M. D. and C. D. Mahan. 1982. Effect of carbadox and various dietary copper levels for weanling swine. J. Anim. Sci. 55:1109-1117.

Sastri, G. A. 1983. Veterinary clinical pathology 6th Edn: C.B.S. Publishers and Distributors (P) Ltd. New Delhi.

Schalm, O. W. and N. C. Jain. 1975. Veterinary haematology. 3rd Edn. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia.

Sinnett-Smith, P. A. and J. A. Woolliams. 1987. Adipose tissue metabolism and cell size: variation between subcutaneous sites and the effect of copper supplementation. Anim. Prod. 45:75-80. crossref(new window)

Skrivanova, V., M. Skrivan, M. Marounek and M. Baran. 2001. Effect of feeding supplemental copper on performance, fatty acid profile and on cholesterol content and oxidative stability of meat of rabbits. Arch. Anim. Nutr. 59:329-339.

Snedecor, G. W. and W. G. Cochran. 1967. Statistical methods. 6th Edn. Ames:The Iowa State University Press

Swensen, M. J. and W. O. Reece. 1996. In: Dukes physiology of Domestic animal. 11th Edn. Panima Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, pp. 529-530.

Thompson, E. H., C. E. Allen and R. J. Meade. 1973. Influence of copper on staeric acid desaturation and fatty acid composition in the pig. J. Anim. Sci. 36:868-873.

Vaisala, P. and P. A. Kurup. 1987. Investigation on the mechanism of hypercholesterolaemia observed in copper deficiency in rats. J. Biosci. 12:137-142. crossref(new window)

Ward, J. D. and J. W. Spersm. 1997. Longterm effects of comsumption of low copper diets with or without supplemental molybdenum on copper status, performance and carcass characteristic of cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 75:3057-3065.

Wybenga, D. R., V. G. Pillegi, P. H. Dirstine and J. Digiorgio. 1970. Chemical chemistry 16: 980. (c.f. Practical clinical biochemistry. (Ed. H. Varley, A. H. Gowenlock, M. Bell, 1991. CBS publishers and Distributors, Delhi. (vol-1,5th Edn,pp-61-62)).

Xia, M. S., C. H. Hu and Z. R. Xu. 2004. Effect of copper bearing montmorillonite on growth performance, digestive enzyme activities and intestinal microflora and morphology of male broiler. Poult. Sci. 83(11):1868-1875. crossref(new window)

Xin, Z., D. F. Waterman, R. W. Hemken and R. J. Harmon. 1991. Effect of copper status on neutrophil function, super oxide dismutase and copper distribution in steers. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3078-3085. crossref(new window)

Zhou, W., E. T. Kornegay, M. D. Lindemann, J. W. G. M. Swinkels, M. K.Welten and E. A. Wong. 1994. Stimulation of growth by intravenous injection of copper in weaning pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 72:2395-2403.