Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Dietary Essential Oils on Growth, Feed Utilization and Meat Yields of White Leg Shrimp L. vannamei
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Dietary Essential Oils on Growth, Feed Utilization and Meat Yields of White Leg Shrimp L. vannamei
Kim, J.D.; Nhut, T.M.; Hai, T.N.; Ra, C.S.;
  PDF(new window)
Effect of dietary essential oils on growth, feed utilization and meat yields of white leg shrimp L. vannamei was investigated. White shrimp fry weighing 0.62 g were kept in one of 12 tanks (75 head/500 L holding tank) in a closed recirculation system. Four experimental diets, a commercial diet (control), phytoncide oil (PO), oregano oil (OO) and fermented garlic liquid (GL) were fed for 16 weeks. The mean water quality values for the whole experimental period were , , g/L and mg/L for water temperature, pH, salinity and dissolved oxygen, respectively. At the end of the trial, 10 shrimp per tank were randomly sampled and meat yields (%) were evaluated after peeling the shell and removing the head. After a 16 week feeding trial, final weight of shrimp ranged from 21.9 g to 23.6 g. Feed conversion was not significantly different among groups (p>0.05), which was the lowest (1.95) in the control and highest (2.30) in the PO. Specific growth rate was also not significantly different (p>0.05) and ranged from 3.18% to 3.25%. Average daily gain of 0.2 g was obtained in all treatments. Mortality varied from 35.1% for control to 44.9% for OO. Meat yields maintained constant at 52.1% for control to 53.0% for PO. The study suggested that natural essential oils could not exert any improvement in growth performance, mortality and meat yields of white leg shrimp.
White Shrimp (L. vannamei);Essential Oils;Growth;Mortality;Meat Yields;
 Cited by
Abdussamad, E. M. and D. M. Thampy. 1994. Cannibalism in the tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon in nursery rearing phase. J. Aquaculture in the Tropics 9:67-75.

Agarwal, K. C. 1996. Therapeutic action of garlic constituents. Medical Research Review 6:111-124.

Akiyama, D. 1992. Future considerations for shrimp nutrition and the aquaculture feed industry. In: Proceedings of the Special Session on Shrimp Farming (Ed. J. Wyban), World Aquaculture Society, Baton Rouge, LA, pp. 198-205.

Amagase, H., B. L. Petesch, H. Matsuura, S. Kasuga and Y. Itakura. 2001. Recent advances on the nutritional effects associated with the use of garlic as a supplement: intake of garlic and its bioactive components. J. Nutr. 131(S3):955S- 962S.

Amaya, E. A., D. A. Davis and D. B. Rouse. 2007a. Replacement of fish meal in practical diets for the pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) reared under pond conditions. Aquaculture 262:393-401. crossref(new window)

Argue, B. J., S. M. Arce, J. M. Lotz and S. M. Moss. 2002. Selective breeding of pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) for growth and resistance to Taura Syndrome Virus. Aquaculture 204:447-460. crossref(new window)

Amaya, E. A., D. A. Davis and D. B. Rouse. 2007b. Alternative diets for the Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Aquaculture 262:419-425. crossref(new window)

AOAC. 1990. Official methods of analysis. 15th edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Arlington, VA.

Boyd, C. E. 1998. Water quanlity for pond aquaculture. Research an Development Series No. 43. International Center for Aquculter and Aquatic Environments, Alabana Agriculture Experiment Station, Aubern University.

Briggs, M., S. Funge-Smith, R. Subasinghe and M. Phillips. 2004. Introduction and movement of Penaeus vannamei and Penaeus stylirotris in Asia and the Pacific. FAO, RAP publication 2004/10.

Burt, S. A. and R. D. Reinders. 2003. Antibacterial activity of selective plant oils against Escherichia coli O157:H7. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 36:162-167. crossref(new window)

Ching, C. Y. Y. 2008. Improving aquaculture production through better health and disease prevention the natural way. Feed Technology Update 3 (1): 4-10.

Deans, S. G. and P. G. Waterman. 1993. Biological activity of volatile oils. In: Volatile oil crops (Ed. R. K. M. Hay and P. G. Waterman). Longman Scientific and technical, Essex. pp. 97- 111.

Giannenas, I., P. Florou-Paneri, M. Papazahariadou, E. Christaki, N. A. Botsoglou and A. B. Spais. 2003. Effect of dietary supplementation with oregano essential oil on performance of broilers after experimental infection with Eimeria tenella. Arch. Tierernahr. 57:99-106.

Hai, T. N. and N. T. Phuong. 2009. Principal of Black Tiger Shrimp (Penaeus monodon) cultures. Vietnam Agricultural Publisher p. 203.

Hammer, K. A., C. F. Carson and T. V. Riley. 1999. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils and other plant extracts. J. Appl. Microbiol. 86:985-990. crossref(new window)

Helander, I. M., H.-L. Alakomi, K. Latva-Kala, T. Mattila- Sandholm, I. Pol, E. J. Smid, L. G. M. Gorris and A. Von Wright. 1998. Characterization of the action of selected essential oil components on gram-negative bacteria. J. Agric. Food Chem. 46:3590-3595. crossref(new window)

Horie, T., T. Murayama and T. Mishima. 1989. Protection of liver microsomal membranes from lipid peroxidation by garlic extract. Planta Med. 55:506-508. crossref(new window)

Huong, D. T. T. and N. V. Tu. 2010. Some issues in fish and crustacean physiology. Vietnam Agricultural Publisher p. 152.

Janssen, A. M., J. J. C. Scheffer and A. B. Svendsen. 1987. Antimicrobial activities of essential oils. Pharmaceutisch Weekblad (Sci) 9:193-197. crossref(new window)

Kim, Y. K. 2010. Effect of feeding phytoncide via drinking water on growth performance of broiler chicks and laying hens. MS thesis, Kangwon National University, p. 66.

Kumar, M. and J. S. Berwal. 1998. Sensitivity of food pathogens to garlic (Allium sativum L.). J. Appl. Microbiol. 84:213-215. crossref(new window)

Lee, D. H. and J. D. Kim. 2010. Effects of dietary garlic extracts on growth, feed utilization, whole body fatty acid profile, muscle free amino acids composition and blood plasma changes of juvenile starlet sturgeon, Acipenser ruthenus. The 14th International Symposium on Fish Nutrition & Feeding. May 31-June 4, 2010. Qingdao, China.

Lee, K. W., H. Everts and A. C. Beynen. 2004. Essential oils in broiler nutrition. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 3:738-752. crossref(new window)

Lewis, W. and M. Elvin-Lewis. 2003. Medical botany: plant affecting human health. 2nd Edition. New York, Wiley. p. 812.

Li, E., L. Chen, C. Zeng, X. Chen, N. Yu, Q. Lai and J. G. Qin. 2007. Growth, body composition, respiration and ambient ammonia nitrogen tolerance of the juvenile white shrimp, L. vannamei, at different salinities. Aquaculture 265:385-390. crossref(new window)

Lin, Y. C. and J. C. Chen. 2003. Acute toxicity of nitrite on Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone) juveniles at different salinity levels. Aquaculture 224:193-201. crossref(new window)

Metwally, M. A. A. 2009. Effects of garlic (Allium sativum) on some antioxidant activities in tilapia nilotica (Oreochromis niloticus). World J. Fish Marine Sci. 1:56-64.

Miura, K., H. Kikuzaki and N. Nakatani. 2002. Antioxidant activity of chemical components from sage (Salvia officinalis L.) and oregano (Thymus vulgaris L.) measured by the oil stability index method. J. Agric. Food Chem. 50:1845-1851. crossref(new window)

Moss, S. M. 2002. Dietary importance of microbes and detritus in penaeid shrimp aquaculture. In: Microbial Approaches to Aquatic Nutrition within Environmentally Sound Aquaculture Production Systems (Ed. C. S. Lee and P. O'Bryen). World Aquaculture Society, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, pp. 1-18.

Moss, S. M., I. P. Forster and A. G. J. Tacon. 2006. Sparing effect of pond water on vitamins in shrimp diets. Aquaculture 258:388-395. crossref(new window)

Pina-Vas, C., A. Goncalves Rodrigues, E. Pinto, S. Costa-de- Oliveira, C. Tavares, L. Salgueiro, C. Cavaleiro, M. J. Goncalves and J. Martinez-de-Oliveira. 2004. Antifungal activity of Thymus oils and their compounds. J. Eur. Acad. Dermatol. Venereal. 18:73-78. crossref(new window)

Ray, A. J., B. L. Lewis, C. L. Browdy and J. W. Leffler. 2010. Suspended solids removal to improve shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) production and an evaluation of a plant-based feed in minimal-exchange, superintensive culture systems. Aquaculture 299:89-98. crossref(new window)

Samocha, T. M., A. D. Davis, A. L. Lawrence, C. R. Collins and P. Van Wyk. 2001. Intensive and super-intensive production of the Pacific white Litopenaeus vannamei in greenhouseenclosed raceway systems. In: Book of Abstracts, Aquaculture 2001, Lake Buena Vista, FL (2001), p. 573.

Sivam, G. P. 2001. Protection against Helicobacter pylori and other bacterial infections by garlic. J. Nutr. 131(3S):1106S-1108S.

Smith, L. L. and A. L. Lawrence. 1990. Feasibility of penaeid shrimp culture in inland saline groundwater-fed ponds. Tex. J. Sci. 42:3-12.

Suetsuna, K. 1998. Isolation and characterization of angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibitor dipeptides derived from Allium sativum (garlic). J. Nutr. Biochem. 9:415-419. crossref(new window)

Yaoling, L. C., S. Jiunrong, S. Men Gsyh, Y. L. Mingler, J. R. Chen, M. S. Shien and J. M. Shien. 1998. The effects of garlic powder on the hypolipidemic function and antioxidative status in hamsters. Nutr. Sci. J. 23:171-187.

Tien, V. D. and D. Griffiths. 2009. Shrimp aquaculture in Vietnam: Best practice and future direction. 21 pp. doc.