JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Supplementing Vitamin E to the Ration of Beef Cattle Increased the Utilization Efficiency of Dietary Nitrogen
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Supplementing Vitamin E to the Ration of Beef Cattle Increased the Utilization Efficiency of Dietary Nitrogen
Wei, Chen; Lin, Shixin; Wu, Jinlong; Zhao, Guangyong; Zhang, Tingting; Zheng, Wensi;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The objectives of the trial were to investigate the effects of supplementing vitamin E (VE) on nutrient digestion, nitrogen (N) retention and plasma parameters of beef cattle in feedlot. Four growing Simmental bulls, fed with a total mixed ration composed of corn silage and concentrate mixture as basal ration, were used as the experimental animals. Four levels of VE product, i.e. 0, 150, 300, 600 mg/head/d (equivalent to 0, 75, 150, 300 IU VE/head/d), were supplemented to the basal ration (VE content 38 IU/kg dry matter) in a Latin square design as experimental treatments I, II, III and IV, respectively. Each experimental period lasted 15 days, of which the first 12 days were for pretreatment and the last 3 days for sampling. The results showed that supplementing VE did not affect the nutrient digestibility (p>0.05) whereas decreased the urinary N excretion (p<0.01), increased the N retention (p<0.05) and tended to increase the microbial N supply estimated based on the total urinary purine derivatives (p = 0.057). Supplementing VE increased the plasma concentrations of VE, glucose and triglycerol (TG) (p<0.05) and tended to increase the plasma concentration of total protein (p = 0.096) whereas did not affect the plasma antioxidant indices and other parameters (p>0.05). It was concluded that supplementing VE up to 300 IU/head/d did not affect the nutrient digestibility whereas supplementing VE at 150 or 300 IU/head/d increased the N retention and the plasma concentrations of VE and TG (p<0.05) of beef cattle.
 Keywords
Vitamin E;Digestibility;Nitrogen Retention;Plasma;Beef Cattle;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
AOAC. 2007. Official Methods of Analysis. 18th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.

2.
Bloomberg, B. D., G. G. Hilton, K. G. Hanger, C. J. Richards, J. B. Morgan, and D. L. VanOverbeke. 2011. Effects of vitamin E on color stability and palatability of strip loin steaks from cattle fed distillers grains. J. Anim. Sci. 80:3769-3782.

3.
Bourne, N., D. C. Wathes, M. McGowan, and R. Laven. 2007. A comparison of the effects of parenteral and oral administration of supplementary vitamin E on plasma vitamin E concentrations in dairy cows at different stages of lactation. Livest. Sci. 106:57-64. crossref(new window)

4.
Burton, G. W. and M. G. Traber. 1990. Vitamin E: antioxidant activity, biokinetics, and bioavailability. Annu. Rev. Nutr. 10:357-382. crossref(new window)

5.
Burken, D. B., R. B. Hicks, D. L. VanOverbeke, G. G. Hilton, J. L. Wahrmund, B. P. Holland, C. R. Krehbiel, P. K. Camfield, and C. J. Richards. 2012. Vitamin E supplementation in beef finishing diets containing 35% wet distillers grains with solubles: Feedlot performance and carcass characteristics. J. Anim. Sci. 90:1349-1355. crossref(new window)

6.
Chen, X. B. and M. J. Gomes. 1992. Estimation of Microbial Protein Supply to Sheep and Cattle Based on Purine Derivatives: An Overview of Technical Details. Occasional publication of International Feed Resources Unit. Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK.

7.
Chikunya, S., G. Demirel, M. Enser, J. D. Wood, R. G. Wilkinson, and L. A. Sinclair. 2004. Biohydrogenation of dietary n-3 PUFA and stability of ingested vitamin E in the rumen, and their effects on microbial activity in sheep. Br. J. Nutr. 91:539-550. crossref(new window)

8.
China National Standard, 2006. GB/T 7293-2006. Feed additive -Vitamin E powder. Standards Press of China, Beijing, China.

9.
China National Standard, 2008. GB/T 17812-2008. Determination of vitamin E in feeds-High-performance liquid chromatography. Standards Press of China, Beijing, China.

10.
Dermauw, V., K. Yisehak, E. S. Dierenfeld, G. Du Laing, J. Buyse, B. Wuyts, and G. P. J. Janssens. 2013. Effects of trace element supplementation on apparent nutrient digestibility and utilization in grass-fed zebu (Bos indicus) cattle. Livest. Sci. 155: 255-261. crossref(new window)

11.
Feng, Y. L. 2000. The Nutrient Requirements and Feeding Standards of Beef Cattle. China Agricultural University Press, Beijing, China.

12.
Hino, T., N. Andoh, and H. Ohgi. 1993. Effects of ${\beta}$-carotene and ${\alpha}$-tocopherol on rumen bacteria in the utilization of long-chain fatty acids and cellulose. J. Dairy Sci. 76:600-605. crossref(new window)

13.
Hou, J. C., F. Wang, Y. T. Wang, and F. Liu. 2013. Effects of vitamin E on the concentration of conjugated linoleic acids and accumulation of intermediates of ruminal biohydrogenation in vitro. Small Rumin. Res. 111:63-70. crossref(new window)

14.
Khodamoradi, S. H., F. Fatahnia, K. Taherpour, V. Pirani, L. Rashidi, and A. Azarfar. 2013. Effect of monensin and vitamin E on milk production and composition of lactating dairy cows. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 97:666-674. crossref(new window)

15.
Leedle, R. A., J. A. Leedle, and M. D. Butine. 1993. Vitamin E is not degraded by ruminal microorganisms: assessment with ruminal contents from a steer fed a high-concentrate diet. J. Anim. Sci. 71:3442-3450.

16.
Lindqvist, H., E. Nadeau, K. P. Waller, S. K. Jensen, and B. Johansson. 2011. Effects of RRR-${\alpha}$-tocopheryl acetate supplementation during the transition period on vitamin status in blood and milk of organic dairy cows during lactation. Livest. Sci. 142:155-163. crossref(new window)

17.
Liu, Q., M. C. Lanari, and D. M. Schaefer. 1995. A review of dietary vitamin E supplementation for improvement of beef quality. J. Anim. Sci. 73:3131-3140.

18.
Liu, Z. L., D. P. Yang, P. Chen, W. X. Dong, and D. M. Wang. 2008. Supplementation with selenium and vitamin E improves milk fat depression and fatty acid composition in dairy cows fed fat diet. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 21:838-844. crossref(new window)

19.
Macit, M., V. Aksakal, E. Emsen, N. Esenbuga, and M. I. Aksu. 2003. Effects of vitamin E supplementation on fattening performance, non-carcass components and retail cut percentages, and meat quality traits of Awassi lambs. Meat Sci. 64:1-6. crossref(new window)

20.
Mahmoud, G. B., S. M. Abdel-Raheem, and H. A. Hussein. 2013. Effect of combination of vitamin E and selenium injections on reproductive performance and blood parameters of Ossimi rams. Small Rumin. Res. 113:103-108. crossref(new window)

21.
McDowell, L. R., S. N. Williams, N. Hidiroglou, C. A. Njeru, G. M. Hill, L. Ochoa, and N. S. Wilkinson. 1996. Vitamin E supplementation for the ruminant. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 60:273-296. crossref(new window)

22.
Naziroglu, M., T. Guler, and A. Yuce. 2002. Effect of vitamin E on ruminal fermentation in vitro. J. Vet. Med. A 49:251-255. crossref(new window)

23.
Rivera, J. D., G. C. Duff, M. L. Galyean, D. A. Walker, and G. A. Nunnery. 2002. Effects of supplemental vitamin E on performance, health, and humoral immune response of beef cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 80:933-941.

24.
Rooke, J. A., J. J. Robinson, and J. R. Arthur. 2004. Effects of vitamin E and selenium on the performance and immune status of ewes and lambs. J. Agric. Sci. 142:253-262. crossref(new window)

25.
SAS. 2003. Statistical Analysis System, Version 9.1. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.

26.
Stewart, C. S. and M. P. Bryant. 1988. The rumen bacteria. In: The Rumen Microbial Ecosystem (Ed. P. N. Hobson). Elsevier Science Publishers, New York, NY, USA. pp. 15-26.

27.
Van Soest, P. J., J. B. Robertson, and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597. crossref(new window)

28.
Weiss, W. P. and D. J. Wyatt. 2003. Effect of Dietary Fat and Vitamin E on ${\alpha}$-Tocopherol in milk from dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 86:3582-3591. crossref(new window)