Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Bioavailability of Phosphorus in Two Cultivars of Pea for Broiler Chicks
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Bioavailability of Phosphorus in Two Cultivars of Pea for Broiler Chicks
Woyengo, T.A.; Emiola, I.A.; Kim, I.H.; Nyachoti, C.M.;
  PDF(new window)
The aim was to determine the relative bioavailability of phosphorus (P) in peas for 21-day old broiler chickens using slope-ratio assay. One hundred and sixty eight male Ross 308 broiler chicks were divided into 42 groups 4 balanced for body weight and fed 7 diets in a completely randomized design (6 groups/diet) from day 1 to 21 of age. The diets were a corn-soybean meal basal diet, and the corn-soybean meal basal diet to which monosodium phosphate, brown- or yellow-seeded pea was added at the expense of cornstarch to supply 0.5% or 1% total phosphorus. Monosodium phosphate was included as a reference, and hence the estimated bioavailability of P in pea cultivars was relative to that in the monosodium phosphate. Birds and feed were weighed weekly and on d 21 they were killed to obtain tibia. The brown-seeded pea contained 23.4% crude protein, 0.47% P, whereas the yellow-seeded pea contained 24.3% crude protein and 0.38% P. Increasing dietary P supply improved (p<0.05) chick body weight gain and tibia ash and bone density. The estimated relative bioavailability of p values for brown- and yellow-seeded peas obtained using final body weight, average daily gain, tibia ash, and bone mineral density were 31.5% and 36.2%, 35.6% and 37.3%, 23.0% and 5.60%, and 40.3% and 30.3%, respectively. The estimated relative bioavailability of p values for brown- and yellow-seeded peas did not differ within each of the response criteria measured in this study. In conclusion, the relative bioavailability of P in pea did not differ depending on the cultivar (brown- vs yellow-seed). However, the relative bioavailability of P in pea may vary depending on the response criterion used to measure the bioavailability.
Broiler Chickens;Peas;Phosphorus Bioavailability;
 Cited by
AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th ed. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem., Washington, DC, USA.

Baker, S. R., B. G. Kim, and H. H. Stein. 2013. Comparison of values for standardized total tract digestibility and relative bioavailability of phosphorus in dicalcium phosphate and distillers dried grains with solubles fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 91:203-210. crossref(new window)

Brenes A., B. A. Rotter, R. R. Marquardt, and W. Guenter. 1993. The nutritional value of raw, autoclaved and dehulled peas (Pisum sativum L.) in chicken diets as affected by enzyme supplementation. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 73:605-614. crossref(new window)

CCAC. 2009. Guidelines on the care and use of farm animals in research, teaching and testing. Canadian Council on Animal Care, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Crenshaw, T. D. 2001. Calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D, and vitamin K in swine nutrition. In: Swine Nutrition (Eds. A. J. Lewis and L. L. Southern). 2nd ed. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA. pp. 187-212.

Finney, D. J. 1978. Statistical Methods in Biological Assay. 3rd ed. Charles Griffin and Co. Ltd., High Wycombe, UK.

Hickling, D. 2003. Canadian Feed Pea Industry Guide. Pulse Canada, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.

Honeyman, M. S. 1993. Environment-friendly swine feed formulation to reduce nitrogen and phosphorus excretion. Am. J. Altern. Agric. 8:128-132. crossref(new window)

Igbasan, F. A., W. Guenter, and B. A. Slominski. 1997. Field peas: chemical composition and energy and amino acid availabilities for poultry. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 77:293-300. crossref(new window)

Littell, R. C., P. R. Henry, A. J. Lewis, and C. B. Ammerman. 1997. Estimation of relative bioavailability of nutrients using SAS procedures. J. Anim. Sci. 75:2672-2683.

Kim, E. J., C. M. Amezcua, P. L. Utterback, and C. M. Parsons. 2008. Phosphorus bioavailability, true metabolizable energy, and amino acid digestibilities of high protein corn distillers dried grains and dehydrated corn germ. Poult. Sci. 87:700-705. crossref(new window)

NRC. 2012. Nutrient Requirements of Swine. 11th rev. ed. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC, USA.

NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th rev. ed. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Onyango, E. M., P. Y. Hester, R. Stroshine, and O. Adeola. 2003. Bone densitometry as an indicator of percentage tibia ash in broiler chicks fed varying dietary calcium and phosphorus levels. Poult. Sci. 82:1787-1791. crossref(new window)

Potter, L. M., M. Potchanakorn, V. Ravindran, and E. T. Kornegay. 1995. Bioavailability of phosphorus in various phosphate sources using body weight and toe ash as response criteria. Poult. Sci. 74:813-820. crossref(new window)

Ravindran, G., C. L. Nalle, A. Molan, and V. Ravindran. 2010. Nutritional and biochemical assessment of field peas (Pisum sativum L.) as a protein source in poultry diets. J. Poult. Sci. 47:48-52. crossref(new window)

Ravindran, V., E. T. Kornrgay, L. M. Potter, B. O. Ogunabameru, M. K. Welten, J. H. Wilson, and M. Potchanakorn. 1995a. An evaluation of various response criteria in assessing biological availability of phosphorus for broilers. Poult. Sci. 74:1820-1830. crossref(new window)

Ravindran, V., W. L. Bryden, and E. T. Kornegay. 1995b. Phytates: Occurrence, bioavailability and implications in poultry nutrition. Poult. Avian Biol. Rev. 6:125-143.

Sands, J. S., D. Ragland, J. R. Wilcox, and O. Adeola. 2003. Relative bioavailability of phosphorus in low-phytate soybean meal for broiler chicks. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 83:95-100. crossref(new window)

Shastak, Y., M. Witzig, K. Hartung, W. Bessei, and M. Rodehutscord. 2014. Comparison and evaluation of bone measurements for the assessment of mineral phosphorus sources in broilers. Poult. Sci. 91:2210-2220.

Thacker, P., A. Deep, D. Petri, and T. Warkentin. 2013. Nutritional evaluation of low-phytate peas (Pisum sativum L.) for young broiler chicks. Arch. Anim. Nutr. 67:1-14. crossref(new window)

Traylor, S. L., G. L. Cromwell, and M. D. Lindemann. 2005. Bioavailability of phosphorus in meat and bone meal for swine. J. Anim. Sci. 83:1054-1061.