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Influence of Quaternary Benzophenantridine and Protopine Alkaloids on Growth Performance, Dietary Energy, Carcass Traits, Visceral Mass, and Rumen Health in Finishing Ewes under Conditions of Severe Temperature-humidity Index
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 Title & Authors
Influence of Quaternary Benzophenantridine and Protopine Alkaloids on Growth Performance, Dietary Energy, Carcass Traits, Visceral Mass, and Rumen Health in Finishing Ewes under Conditions of Severe Temperature-humidity Index
Estrada-Angulo, A.; Aguilar-Hernandez, A.; Osuna-Perez, M.; Nunez-Benitez, V.H.; Castro-Perez, B.I.; Silva-Hidalgo, G.; Contreras-Perez, G.; Barreras, A.; Plascencia, A.; Zinn, R.A.;
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Twenty ewes () were used to determine the effects of the consumption of standardized plant extract containing a mixture of quaternary benzophenanthridine alkaloids and protopine alkaloids (QBA+PA) on growth performance, dietary energetics, visceral mass, and ruminal epithelial health in heat-stressed ewes fed with a high-energy corn-based diet. The basal diet (13.9% crude protein and 2.09 Mcal of net energy [NE] of maintenance/kg of dry matter) contained 49.7% starch and 15.3% neutral detergent fiber. Source of QBA+PA was Sangrovit RS (SANG) which contains 3 g of quaternary benzophenathridine and protopine alkaloids per kg of product. Treatments consisted of a daily consumption of 0 or 0.5 g SANG/ewe. Ewes were grouped by weight and assigned to 10 pens (5 pens/treatment), with two ewes per pen. The experimental period lasted 70 days. The mean temperature humidity index during the course of this experiment was (severe heat stress). There were no treatment effects on water intake. Dry matter intake was not affected (p
Isoquinoline Alkaloids;Heat Stress;High-energy Diets;Feed Efficiency;Small Ruminants;Ruminal Epithelial;
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