JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Observer Based Nonlinear State Feedback Control of PEM Fuel Cell Systems
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Observer Based Nonlinear State Feedback Control of PEM Fuel Cell Systems
Kim, Eung-Seok;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
In this paper, the observer based nonlinear state feedback controller has been developed to control the pressures of the oxygen and the hydrogen in the PEM(Proton Exchange Membrane) fuel cell system. Nonlinear model of the PEM fuel cell system was introduced to study the design problems of the state observer and model based controller. A cascade observer using the filtering technique was used to estimate the pressure derivatives of the cathode and the anode in the system. In order to estimate the pressures of the cathode and the anode, the sliding mode observer was designed by using these pressure derivatives. To estimate the oxygen pressure and the hydrogen pressure in the system, the nonlinear state observer was designed by using the cathode pressure estimates and the anode it. These results will be very useful to design the state feedback controller. The validity of the proposed observers and the controller has been investigated by using the Lyapunov's stability analysis strategy.
 Keywords
PEM fuel cell;Sliding mode observer;State feedback control;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
J. T. Pukrushpan, H. Peng, and A. G. Stefanopoulou, "Control-Oriented Modeling and Analysis for Automotive Fuel Cell Systems," Transactions of the ASME, Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, Vol. 126, pp. 14-25, March 2004. crossref(new window)

2.
D. H. Kim, H. O. Wang, and E. S. Kim, "Cascade Observers for Nonlinear Systems and Application to Nonlinear Output Feedback Control," JSME International Journal, Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 463-472, June 2006. crossref(new window)

3.
K. S. Narendra and A. M. Annaswamy, Stable Adaptive Systems, Prentice-Hall International Editions, 1989.

4.
E. S. Kim, C. J. Kim, K. S. Eom, "Nonlinear Observer Design for PEM Fuel Cell Systems," Proceeding of International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems 2007, Oct. 8-11, Seoul, Korea, pp.1835-1839.

5.
J. T. Pukrushpanand, A. G. Stefanopoulou, and H. Peng, Fuel Cell Power Systems, Springer, 2004.

6.
M. Arcak, H. Gorgun, L. M. Pedersen and S. Varigonda, "An Adaptive Observer Design for Fuel Cell Hydrogen Estimation," Proc. American Contr. Conf., Denver, Colorado, June 4-6, 2003, pp. 2037- 2042.

7.
E. S. Kim and C. J. Kim, "Nonlinear Observer-based Control of PEM Fuel Cell Systems," 2009 International Telecommunications Energy Conference, October 18-22, 2009, Songdo Convensia, Incheon, Korea.

8.
E.S. Kim, C.J. Kim, "Nonlinear state feedback control of PEM fuel cell systems," ICEMS2009, Tokyo, Japan, November 15-18, 2009.