Model Predictive Control of Bidirectional AC-DC Converter for Energy Storage System

- Journal title : Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
- Volume 10, Issue 1, 2015, pp.165-175
- Publisher : The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
- DOI : 10.5370/JEET.2015.10.1.165

Title & Authors

Model Predictive Control of Bidirectional AC-DC Converter for Energy Storage System

Akter, Md. Parvez; Mekhilef, Saad; Tan, Nadia Mei Lin; Akagi, Hirofumi;

Akter, Md. Parvez; Mekhilef, Saad; Tan, Nadia Mei Lin; Akagi, Hirofumi;

Abstract

Energy storage system has been widely applied in power distribution sectors as well as in renewable energy sources to ensure uninterruptible power supply. This paper presents a model predictive algorithm to control a bidirectional AC-DC converter, which is used in an energy storage system for power transferring between the three-phase AC voltage supply and energy storage devices. This model predictive control (MPC) algorithm utilizes the discrete behavior of the converter and predicts the future variables of the system by defining cost functions for all possible switching states. Subsequently, the switching state that corresponds to the minimum cost function is selected for the next sampling period for firing the switches of the AC-DC converter. The proposed model predictive control scheme of the AC-DC converter allows bidirectional power flow with instantaneous mode change capability and fast dynamic response. The performance of the MPC controlled bidirectional AC-DC converter is simulated with MATLAB/Simulink(R) and further verified with 3.0kW experimental prototypes. Both the simulation and experimental results show that, the AC-DC converter is operated with unity power factor, acceptable THD (3.3% during rectifier mode and 3.5% during inverter mode) level of AC current and very low DC voltage ripple. Moreover, an efficiency comparison is performed between the proposed MPC and conventional VOC-based PWM controller of the bidirectional AC-DC converter which ensures the effectiveness of MPC controller.

Keywords

Model predictive control (MPC);Bidirectional AC-DC converter;Unity power factor;Reactive power;Energy storage system;

Language

English

Cited by

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

References

1.

J. M. Carrasco, L. G. Franquelo, J. T. Bialasiewicz, E. Galván, R. P. Guisado, M. A. Prats, et al., “Power-electronic systems for the grid integration of renewable energy sources: A survey,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 53, pp. 1002-1016, 2006.

2.

Y. Chen and K. Smedley, “Three-phase boost-type grid-connected inverter,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 23, pp. 2301-2309, 2008.

3.

X. Hu, K. Tseng, Y. Liu, S. Yin, and M. Zhang, “A high frequency isolated current-fed bidirectional DC/AC converter for grid-tied energy storage system,” in ECCE Asia Downunder (ECCE Asia), 2013 IEEE, 2013, pp. 291-296.

4.

H.-T. Yau, C.-J. Lin, and Q.-C. Liang, “PSO Based PI Controller Design for a Solar Charger System,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2013, 2013.

5.

N. M. L. Tan, T. Abe, and H. Akagi, “Design and performance of a bidirectional Isolated DC-DC converterfor a battery energy storage system,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 27, pp. 1237-1248, 2012.

6.

P. Cortés, J. Rodríguez, P. Antoniewicz, and M.Kazmierkowski, “Direct power control of an AFE using predictive control,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 23, pp. 2516-2523, 2008.

7.

A. Alias, N. A. Rahim, and M. A. Hussain, “Bidirectional three phase power converter,” in Clean Energy and Technology (CET), 2011 IEEE First Conference on, 2011, pp. 337-341.

8.

B. Singh, S. Gairola, B. N. Singh, A. Chandra, and K.Al-Haddad, “Multipulse AC-DC converters for improving power quality: a review,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 23, pp. 260-281, 2008.

9.

B. Singh, B. N. Singh, A. Chandra, K. Al-Haddad, A. Pandey, and D. P. Kothari, “A review of three-phase improved power quality AC-DC converters,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 51, pp. 641-660, 2004.

10.

P. Verdelho and G. Marques, “DC voltage control and stability analysis of PWM-voltage-type reversible rectifiers,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 45, pp.263-273, 1998.

11.

M. Malinowski, M. P. Kazmierkowski, and A. M. Trzynadlowski, “A comparative study of control techniques for PWM rectifiers in AC adjustable speed drives,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 18, pp.1390-1396, 2003.

12.

D. Zhi, L. Xu, and B. W. Williams, “Improved direct power control of grid-connected DC/AC converters,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 24, pp.1280-1292, 2009.

13.

T. Noguchi, H. Tomiki, S. Kondo, and I. Takahashi, “Direct power control of PWM converter without power-source voltage sensors,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Application, vol. 34, pp. 473-479, 1998.

14.

I. Takahashi and Y. Ohmori, “High-performance direct torque control of an induction motor,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Application, vol. 25, pp.257-264, 1989.

15.

C. Lascu, I. Boldea, and F. Blaabjerg, “A modified direct torque control for induction motor sensorless drive,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Application, vol. 36, pp. 122-130, 2000.

16.

S. Vazquez, J. A. Sanchez, J. M. Carrasco, J. I. Leon, and E. Galvan, “A model-based direct power control for three-phase power converters,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 55, pp. 1647-1657, 2008.

17.

D. Zhi, L. Xu, B. W. Williams, L. Yao, and M. Bazargan, “A new direct power control strategy for grid connected voltage source converters,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Elect. Machines and Syst. (ICEMS), 2008, pp. 1157-1162.

18.

A. Bouafia, F. Krim, and J.-P. Gaubert, “Fuzzy-logic-based switching state selection for direct power control of three-phase PWM rectifier,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 56, pp. 1984-1992, 2009.

19.

J. Hu, L. Shang, Y. He, and Z. Zhu, “Direct active and reactive power regulation of grid-connected DC/AC converters using sliding mode control approach,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 26, pp.210-222, 2011.

20.

S. Kouro, P. Cortés, R. Vargas, U. Ammann, and J. Rodríguez, “Model predictive control - A simple and powerful method to control power converters,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Application, vol. 56, pp. 1826-1838, 2009.

21.

J. Rodriguez, M. Kazmierkowski, J. Espinoza, P.Zanchetta, H. Abu-Rub, H. Young, et al., “State of the Art of Finite Control Set Model Predictive Control in Power Electronics,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., 2013.

22.

J. Rodriguez, J. Pontt, C. A. Silva, P. Correa, P. Lezana, P. Cortés, et al., “Predictive current control of a voltage source inverter,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 54, pp. 495-503, 2007.

23.

S. Muslem Uddin, P. Akter, S. Mekhilef, M. Mubin, M. Rivera, and J. Rodriguez, “Model predictive control of an active front end rectifier with unity displacement factor,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Circuits and Systems (ICCAS), 2013, pp. 81-85.

24.

D. E. Quevedo, R. P. Aguilera, M. A. Pérez, P. Cortés, and R. Lizana, “Model predictive control of an AFE rectifier with dynamic references,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 27, pp. 3128-3136, 2012.

25.

M. Parvez, S. Mekhilef, N. M. Tan, and H. Akagi, “Model predictive control of a bidirectional AC-DC converter for V2G and G2V applications in electric vehicle battery charger,” in Proc. IEEE Transportation Electrification Conf. and Expo (ITEC), 2014, pp. 1-6.

26.

S. Muslem Uddin, S. Mekhilef, M. Rivera, and J. Rodriguez, “A FCS-MPC of an induction motor fed by indirect matrix converter with unity power factor control,” in Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA), 2013 8th IEEE Conference on, 2013, pp.1769-1774.

27.

M. Uddin, S. Mekhilef, M. Mubin, M. Rivera, and J. Rodriguez, “Model Predictive Torque Ripple Reduction with Weighting Factor Optimization Fed by an Indirect Matrix Converter,” Electric Power Components and Systems, vol. 42, pp. 1059-1069, 2014.

28.

M. Uddin, S. Mekhilef, M. Rivera, and J. Rodriguez, “Predictive indirect matrix converter fed torque ripple minimization with weighting factor optimization,” in Power Electronics Conference (IPEC-Hiroshima 2014-ECCE-ASIA), 2014 International, 2014, pp.3574-3581.