JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Remote Monitoring with Hierarchical Network Architectures for Large-Scale Wind Power Farms
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Remote Monitoring with Hierarchical Network Architectures for Large-Scale Wind Power Farms
Ahmed, Mohamed A.; Song, Minho; Pan, Jae-Kyung; Kim, Young-Chon;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
As wind power farm (WPF) installations continue to grow, monitoring and controlling large-scale WPFs presents new challenges. In this paper, a hierarchical network architecture is proposed in order to provide remote monitoring and control of large-scale WPFs. The network architecture consists of three levels, including the WPF comprised of wind turbines and meteorological towers, local control center (LCC) responsible for remote monitoring and control of wind turbines, and a central control center (CCC) that offers data collection and aggregation of many WPFs. Different scenarios are considered in order to evaluate the performance of the WPF communications network with its hierarchical architecture. The communications network within the WPF is regarded as the local area network (LAN) while the communication among the LCCs and the CCC happens through a wide area network (WAN). We develop a communications network model based on an OPNET modeler, and the network performance is evaluated with respect to the link bandwidth and the end-to-end delay measured for various applications. As a result, this work contributes to the design of communications networks for large-scale WPFs.
 Keywords
Wind power farm;Communications network;Control center;Logical node;IEC 61400-25;OPNET;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
B. K. Singh, et al., “Survey on communication architectures for wind energy integration with the smart grid,” International Journal of Environmental Studies, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. 765-776, 2013. crossref(new window)

2.
F.P. García Márquez, A.M. Tobias, J.M. Pinar Pérez, and M. Papaelias, “Condition monitoring of wind turbines: techniques and methods,” Renewable Energy 46, pp. 169-178, 2012. crossref(new window)

3.
N.-T. Quach, D.H. Lee, H.-C. Kim, and E.-H. Kim, “Analyzing stability of jeju island power system with modular multilevel converter based HVDC system,” Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology 10, no. 1, pp. 47-55, 2015. crossref(new window)

4.
M. Shahraeini, M. Javidi and M. Ghazizadeh “Comparison between communication infrastructures of centralized and decentralized wide area measurement systems”, IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 206 -211, 2011. crossref(new window)

5.
J. -M. Gallardo-Callesa, A. Colmenar-Santosb, J. Ontañon-Ruiza, and M. Castro-Gilb, “Wind control centres: State of the art,” Renewable Energy, vol. 51, pp. 93-100, 2013. crossref(new window)

6.
M. Goraj, Y. Epassa, and D. Meadows, “Designing and deploying ethernet networks for offshore wind power applications-a case study,” in Proc. DPSP’10, pp. 1-5, 2010.

7.
J. R. Kristoffersen and P. Christiansen, “Horns Rev offshore wind farm: its main controller and remote control system,” Wind Eng., vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 351-60, 2003. crossref(new window)

8.
J.-Y. Park, B.-J. Kim, and J.-K. Lee, “Development of condition monitoring system with control functions for wind turbines,” World academy of science, engineering and technology, Issue 0057, pp. 1-6, 2011.

9.
M.A. Ahmed, M. Song, J.-K. Pan and Y.-C. Kim, “Remote monitoring with hierarchical network architectures for large-scale wind power farms,” in Proc. Int. Conf. on Electrical Engineering (ICEE 2014), pp. 1752-1757, 2014.

10.
O. Dahmani, S. Bourguet, M. Machmoum, P. Guerin, P. Rhein, and L. Josse, “Optimization of the connection topology of an offshore wind farm network,” IEEE Systems Journal, no.99, pp. 1-10, 2014.

11.
J. Kim, G. Park, J.-K. Seok, B. Lee, and Y.C. Kang, "Hierarchical Voltage Control of a Wind Power Plant Using the Adaptive IQ-V Characteristic of a Doubly-FedInduction Generator," Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology 10, no. 2, pp. 504-510, 2015. crossref(new window)

12.
IEC 61400-25-2, International Standard, 1st edition, December, 2010.

13.
B. R. Karthikeya and R. J. Schutt, “Overview of wind park control strategies,” IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 99, pp.1-7, 2013.

14.
B. Frankén, "Reliability study- analysis of electric system within offshore wind parks," Elforsk report 07:65, 2007.

15.
OPNET Technologies. OPNET Modeler. Available online: http://www.OPNET.com

16.
M.A. Ahmed and Y.-C. Kim, “Hybrid Communication Network Architectures for Monitoring Large-ScaleWind Turbine,” Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology 8, no. 6, pp. 1626-1636, 2013. crossref(new window)

17.
R. H. Khan and J. Y. Khan, “A comprehensive review of the application characteristics and traffic requirements of a smart grid communications network,” Computer Networks, vol. 57, pp. 825-845, 2013. crossref(new window)