JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
An Optimal Procedure for Sizing and Siting of DGs and Smart Meters in Active Distribution Networks Considering Loss Reduction
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
An Optimal Procedure for Sizing and Siting of DGs and Smart Meters in Active Distribution Networks Considering Loss Reduction
Sattarpour, T.; Nazarpour, D.; Golshannavaz, S.; Siano, P.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The presence of responsive loads in the promising active distribution networks (ADNs) would definitely affect the power system problems such as distributed generations (DGs) studies. Hence, an optimal procedure is proposed herein which takes into account the simultaneous placement of DGs and smart meters (SMs) in ADNs. SMs are taken into consideration for the sake of successful implementing of demand response programs (DRPs) such as direct load control (DLC) with end-side consumers. Seeking to power loss minimization, the optimization procedure is tackled with genetic algorithm (GA) and tested thoroughly on 69-bus distribution test system. Different scenarios including variations in the number of DG units, adaptive power factor (APF) mode for DGs to support reactive power, and individual or simultaneous placing of DGs and SMs have been established and interrogated in depth. The obtained results certify the considerable effect of DRPs and APF mode in determining the optimal size and site of DGs to be connected in ADN resulting to the lowest value of power losses as well.
 Keywords
Active Distribution Network (ADN);Smart Meters (SMs);Demand Response Programs (DRPs);Distributed Generations (DGs);Optimal siting and sizing;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Parking lot allocation with maximum economic benefit in a distribution network, International Transactions on Electrical Energy Systems, 2016  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
M.M. Aman, G.B. Jasmon, A.H.A. Bakar, H. Mokhlis, “A New Approach for Optimum DG Placement and Sizing Based on Voltage Stability Maximization and Minimization of Power Losses,” Energy Conversion and Management , vol. 70, pp. 202-210, 2013. crossref(new window)

2.
D.T.C. Wang, L.F. Ochoa, G.P. Harrison, "DG Impact on Investment Deferral: Network Planning and Security of Supply," IEEE Trans. Power Syst, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 1134-1141, May 2010. crossref(new window)

3.
W. El-Khattam, M.M.A. Salama, “Distributed Generation Technologies, Definitions and Benefits,” Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 71, pp. 119-128, 2004. crossref(new window)

4.
T.Gözel, M.Hakan Hocaoglu, “An Analytical Method for the Sizing and Siting of Distributed Generators in Radial Systems,” Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 79, pp. 912-918, 2009. crossref(new window)

5.
S.Gopiya Naik, D.K. Khatod, M.P. Sharma, “Optimal Allocation of Combined DG and Capacitor for Real Power Loss Minimization in Distribution Networks,” Electr Power Energy Syst, vol. 53, pp. 967-973, 2013. crossref(new window)

6.
D.Q. Hung, N. Mithulananthan, R.C. Bansal, "Analytical Expressions for DG Allocation in Primary Distribution Networks," IEEE Trans. Energy Conversion, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 814-820, Sept. 2010. crossref(new window)

7.
S. Golshannavaz, S. Afsharnia, F. Aminifar, "Smart Distribution Grid: Optimal Day-Ahead Scheduling With Reconfigurable Topology," IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 2402-2411, Sept. 2014. crossref(new window)

8.
P. Siano, L.F. Ochoa, G.P. Harrison, A. Piccolo, "Assessing the strategic benefits of distributed generation ownership for DNOs," IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 225-236, March 2009. crossref(new window)

9.
P. Siano, C. Cecati, Hao Yu, J. Kolbusz, "Real Time Operation of Smart Grids via FCN Networks and Optimal Power Flow," IEEE Trans. Industrial Informatics, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 944-952, Nov. 2012. crossref(new window)

10.
Z. Hu, F. Li, "Cost-Benefit Analyses of Active Distribution Network Management, Part I: Annual Benefit Analysis," IEEE Tran Smart Grid, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 1067-1074, Sept. 2012. crossref(new window)

11.
P. MacDougall, P. Heskes, P. Crolla, "Fast Demand Response in Support of The Active Distribution Network," in Proc. 22nd International Conference on Electricity Distribution, Stockholm, pp. 10-13, June 2013.

12.
P. Siano, P. Chen, Z. Chen, A. Piccolo, "Evaluating maximum wind energy exploitation in active distribution networks," IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 598-608, May 2010. crossref(new window)

13.
P. Siano, “Evaluating the Impact of Registered Power Zones Incentive on Wind Systems Integration in Active Distribution Networks,” IEEE Trans. Industrial Informatics, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1-10, 2014.

14.
B. Chakrabarti, D. Bullen, C. Edwards, C. Callaghan, “Demand Response in the New Zealand Electricity Market,” in Proc. Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition, IEEE PES, pp. 1-7, 2012.

15.
P. Palensky, D. Dietrich, "Demand Side Management: Demand Response, Intelligent Energy Systems, and Smart Loads," IEEE Trans. Industrial Informatics, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 381-388, August 2011. crossref(new window)

16.
P. Siano, “Demand response and smart grids-A survey,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 30, pp. 461-478, 2014. crossref(new window)

17.
L. Wang, C. Singh, "Reliability-Constrained Optimum Placement of Reclosers and Distributed Generators in Distribution Networks Using an Ant Colony System Algorithm," IEEE Trans. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 757-764, Nov. 2008. crossref(new window)

18.
M.H. Hemmatpour, M. Mohammadian, M. Rezaie Estabragh, “A Novel Approach for the Reconfiguration of Distribution Systems Considering the Voltage Stability Margin,” Turk J Elec Eng & Comp Sci, vol. 21, pp. 679-698, 2013.

19.
M.M. Aman, G.B. Jasmon, H. Mokhlis, A.H.A. Bakar, “Optimal Placement and Sizing of a DG Based on a New Power Stability Index and Line Losses,” Electr Power Energy Syst, vol. 43, pp. 1296-1304, 2012. crossref(new window)

20.
S. Ghosh, S.P. Ghoshal, S. Ghosh, “Development of Smart Distribution Grid,” in Proc. Electr Power Energy Syst, vol. 32, pp. 849-856, 2010. crossref(new window)

21.
R.S. Rao, K. Ravindra, K. Satish, S.V.L. Narasimham, “Power Loss Minimization in Distribution System Using Network Reconfiguration in the Presence of Distributed Generation,” IEEE Trans. Power Syst, vol. 28, pp. 317-325, 2013. crossref(new window)

22.
S. Golshannavaz, “Optimal Simultaneous Siting and Sizing of DGs and Capacitors Considering Reconfiguration in Smart Automated Distribution Systems,” J Intelligent Fuzzy Syst, 27 (4), pp. 1719-1729, 2014.

23.
H.E.A, Talaat, E. Al-Ammar, “Optimal Allocation and Sizing of Distributed Generation in Distribution Networks Using Genetic Algorithms,” in Proc. 11th International Conference on Electrical Power Quality and Utilization (EPQU), pp. 1-6, 2011.

24.
G. P. Harrison, A. Piccolo, P. Siano, A.R. Wallace “Hybrid GA and OPF Evaluation of Network Capacity for Distributed Generation Connections,” Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 78, pp. 392-398, 2008. crossref(new window)

25.
S. Chandramohan, N. Atturulu, R.P. Kumudini Devi, B. Venkatesh, “Operating Cost Minimization of a Radial Distribution System in a Deregulated Electricity Market Through Reconfiguration Using NSGA Method,” Electric Power Energy Syst, vol. 32, pp. 126-132, 2010. crossref(new window)