Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Critical Short Circuit Ratio Analysis on DFIG Wind Farm with Vector Power Control and Synchronized Control
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Critical Short Circuit Ratio Analysis on DFIG Wind Farm with Vector Power Control and Synchronized Control
Hong, Min; Xin, Huanhai; Liu, Weidong; Xu, Qian; Zheng, Taiying; Gan, Deqiang;
  PDF(new window)
The introduction of renewable energy sources into the AC grid can change and weaken the strength of the grid, which will in turn affect the stability and robustness of the doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) wind farm. When integrated with weak grids, the DFIG wind turbine with vector power control often suffers from poor performance and robustness, while the DFIG wind turbine with synchronized control provides better stability. This paper investigates the critical short circuit ratios of DFIG wind turbine with vector power control and synchronized control, to analyze the stability boundary of the DFIG wind turbine. Frequency domain methods based on sensitivity and complementary sensitivity of transfer matrix are used to investigate the stability boundary conditions. The critical capacity of DFIG wind farm with conventional vector power control at a certain point of common coupling (PCC) is obtained and is further increased by employing synchronized control properly. The stability boundary is validated by electromagnetic transient simulation of an offshore wind farm connected to a real regional grid.
Weak grid;DFIG wind farm;Vector power control;Synchronized control;Stability boundar1y;Critical short circuit ratio;Sensitivity;
 Cited by
A Virtual Synchronous Control for Voltage-Source Converters Utilizing Dynamics of DC-Link Capacitor to Realize Self-Synchronization, IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, 2017, 5, 4, 1565  crossref(new windwow)
Short-Term Frequency Response of a DFIG-Based Wind Turbine Generator for Rapid Frequency Stabilization, Energies, 2017, 10, 11, 1863  crossref(new windwow)
Synchronization and Frequency Regulation of DFIG-Based Wind Turbine Generators With Synchronized Control, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 2017, 32, 3, 1251  crossref(new windwow)
Enhancing fault ride-through capability of DFIG with modified SMES-FCL and RSC control , IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, 2018, 12, 1, 258  crossref(new windwow)
“IEEE Guide for Planning DC Links Terminating at AC Locations Having Low Short-Circuit Capacities,” IEEE Std 1204-1997, Tech. Rep., 1997.

T. Neumann, C. Feltes, and I. Erlich, “Response of DFG-based wind farms operating on weak grids to voltage sags,” in Proc. IEEE Power Eng. Soc. General Meeting, 2011, pp. 1-6.

X. Xing-wei, M. Gang, S. Guang-hui, Z. Hong-peng, H. Kai-yuan, G. De-bin, T. Jia-qi, M. Xin, and X. Yong, “The problems and solutions for large-scale concentrated integration of wind power to partially weak regional power grid,” in Proc. SUPERGEN, 2009, pp. 1-6.

D. Peng, Z. Yiying, L. Chong, H. Tao, and W. Weiwei, “The impact of LVRT characteristic on the stability of northwest China grid with large scale wind power,” presented at the Renewable Power Generation Conference (RPG 2013), Beijing, 2013.

L. Chen and Z. Li, “The comparison of common control strategies in grid-connected double-fed wind generators,” in Proc. TENCON 2013-2013 IEEE Region 10 Conference, 2013, pp. 1-5.

D. Jovcic, L. Lamont, and L. Xu, “VSC transmission model for analytical studies,” in Proc. IEEE Power Eng. Soc. General Meeting, 2003, pp. 1737-1742.

M. Hong, H. Xin, Q. Xu, L. Sun, T. Zhen, and D. Gan, “Stability Boundary Investigation of Large-scale offshore DFIG wind Farm Connected to Weak grid,” in Proc. Wind energy Grid-Adaptive Technologies, 2014, pp. 1-8.

W. Dong, H. Jiabing, H. Yunhui, W. Ningbo, and Z. Qiang, “Stability of DC-link voltage affected by phase-locked loop for DFIG-based wind turbine connected to a weak AC system,” in Proc. ICEMS, 2014, pp. 2600-2606.

Q. Hu, J. Hu, H. Yuan, H. Tang, and Y. Li, “Synchronizing stability of DFIG-based wind turbines attached to weak AC grid,” in Proc. ICEMS, 2014, pp. 2618-2624.

S. Barghi, M. A. Golkar, and A. Hajizadeh, “Effect of distribution system specifications on voltage stability in presence of wind distributed generation,” in Proc. EPDC, 2011, pp. 1-6.

L. Wang, C.-J. Yeh, M.-H. Hsieh, C.-T. Wu, and C.-L. Lu, “Analysis of voltage variations and short-circuit ratios of a large-scale offshore wind farm connected to a practical power system,” in Proc. IEEE Power Eng. Soc. General Meeting, 2013, pp. 1-5.

N. P. Strachan and D. Jovcic, “Stability of a variable-speed permanent magnet wind generator with weak AC grids,” IEEE Trans.Power Delivery, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 2779-2788, 2010. crossref(new window)

K. Jihun., L. Hwanik., L. Byongjun., and K. Yong-Cheol, “Hybrid Secondary Voltage Control combined with Large-Scale Wind Farms and Synchronous Generators,” Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 504-510, 2014.

C. Han, A. Q. Huang, M. E. Baran, S. Bhattacharya, W. Litzenberger, L. Anderson, A. L. Johnson, and A.-A. Edris, “STATCOM impact study on the integration of a large wind farm into a weak loop power system,” IEEE Trans. Energy conversion, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 226-233, 2008. crossref(new window)

J. Kim, G. Park, J.-K. Seok, B. Lee, and Y. C. Kang, “Hierarchical Voltage Control of a Wind Power Plant Using the Adaptive IQ-V Characteristic of a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator,” Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, vol.10, no.2, pp.504-510, 2015. crossref(new window)

K. De Brabandere, B. Bolsens, J. Van den Keybus, A. Woyte, J. Driesen, and R. Belmans, “A voltage and frequency droop control method for parallel inverters,” IEEE Trans.Power Electronics, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 1107-1115, 2007. crossref(new window)

Z. Wang, Y. Sun, G. Li, and B. T. Ooi, “Magnitude and frequency control of grid-connected doubly fed induction generator based on synchronised model for wind power generation,” IET Renewable Power Generation, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 232-241, 2010. crossref(new window)

M. Fazeli, G. M. Asher, C. Klumpner, and L. Yao, “Novel integration of DFIG-based wind generators within microgrids,” IEEE Trans.Energy Conversion, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 840-850, 2011. crossref(new window)

L. Zhang, “Modeling and Control of VSC-HVDC Links Connected to Weak AC Systems,” Ph.d, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, 2010.

R. Cardenas, R. Pena, S. Alepuz, and G. Asher, “Overview of Control Systems for the Operation of DFIGs in Wind Energy Applications,” IEEE Trans. Industrial Electronics, vol.60, no.7, pp.2776-2798, 2013.

L. Zehan, W. Zhen, X. Huanhai, and W. Kitpo, “Small signal stability analysis of a synchronized control-based microgrid under multiple operating conditions,” Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 244-255, 2014. crossref(new window)

I. Kamwa, G. Trudel, and L. Gerin-Lajoie, “Robust design and coordination of multiple damping controllers using nonlinear constrained optimization,” IEEE Trans.Power Systems, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 1084-1092, 2000. crossref(new window)

S. Skogestad and I. Postlethwaite, Multivariable feedback control: analysis and design. New York: JOHN WILEY&SONS, 2007, pp. 40-43.

R. Varma and A. Moharana, “SSR in double-cage induction generator-based wind farm connected to series-compensated transmission line,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 2573-2583, 2013. crossref(new window)

E.ON, “Grid Code High and extra high voltage,” in Requirements on generating plants, ed. Bayreuth: E.ON Nets GmbH, 2006.