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Effect of pH on Rheological Properties of Dysphagia-Oriented Thickened Water
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  • Journal title : Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
  • Volume 21, Issue 1,  2016, pp.73-77
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
  • DOI : 10.3746/pnf.2016.21.1.73
 Title & Authors
Effect of pH on Rheological Properties of Dysphagia-Oriented Thickened Water
Yoon, Seung-No; Yoo, Byoungseung;
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 Abstract
Flow and dynamic rheological properties of thickened waters prepared with commercial food thickeners were investigated at different pH levels (3, 4, 5, 6, and 7). The commercial xanthan gum (XG)-based thickener (thickener A) and starch-based thickener (thickener B), which have been commonly used in a domestic hospital and nursing home for patients with swallowing difficulty (dysphagia) in Korea, were selected in this study. Thickened samples with both thickeners at different pH levels showed high shear-thinning flow behaviors (n=0.08~0.22). Thickened samples at pH 3 showed higher n values and lower consistency index (K) values when compared to those at other pH levels. The K values of thickener A increased with an increase in pH level, while the n values decreased, showing that the flow properties greatly depended on pH. There were no noticeable changes in the K values of thickener B between pH 4 and 7. At pH 3, the thickened water with thickener A showed a higher storage modulus (G') value, while that with thickener B showed a lower G'. These rheological parameters exhibited differences in rheological behaviors between XG-based and starch-based thickeners, indicating that the rheological properties of thickened waters appear to be greatly influenced by the acidic condition and the type of food thickener. Appropriately selecting a commercial food thickener seems to be greatly important for the preparation of thickened acidic fluids with desirable rheological properties for safe swallowing.
 Keywords
food thickener;pH;thickened water;swallowing difficulty;rheological property;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Consistency stability of water thickened with maltodextrin, xanthan gum and potassium chloride, Journal of Texture Studies, 2017  crossref(new windwow)
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