Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A System Dynamics View of Safety Management in Small Construction Companies
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A System Dynamics View of Safety Management in Small Construction Companies
Guo, Brian H.W.; Yiu, Tak Wing; Gonzalez, Vicente A.;
  PDF(new window)
Due to unique characteristics of small construction companies, safety management is comprised of complex problems. This paper aims to better understand the complexity and dynamics of safety management in small construction companies. A system dynamics (SD) model was built in order to capture the causal interdependencies between factors at different system levels (regulation, organization, technical and individual) and their effects on safety outcomes. Various tests were conducted to build confidence in the model`s usefulness to understand safety problems facing small companies from a system dynamics view. A number of policies were analyzed by changing the value of parameters. The value of a system dynamics approach to safety management in small construction companies is its ability to address joint effects of multiple safety risk factors on safety performance with a systems thinking perspective. By taking into account feedback loops and non-linear relationships, such a system dynamics model provides insights into the complex causes of relatively poor safety performance of small construction companies and improvement strategies.
Construction safety;Small businesses;System dynamics;Modeling;
 Cited by
Using a Pressure-State-Practice Model to Develop Safety Leading Indicators for Construction Projects, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 2017, 143, 2, 04016092  crossref(new windwow)
Does company size matter? Validation of an integrative model of safety behavior across small and large construction companies, Journal of Safety Research, 2018, 64, 73  crossref(new windwow)
Legg, S., et al., Occupational Health and Safety in Small Business. NOHSAC, Technical report 12, 2009.

Eurostat, Key figures on European business with a special feature on SMEs. 2011, Publication Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.: European Commission.

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistics about business size (including small business) from the U.S. Census Bureau. 2011.

Lingard, H. and N. Holmes, "Understandings of occupational health and safety risk control in small business construction firms: barriers to implementing technological controls," Construction Management & Economics, 19(2): pp. 217-226, 2001. crossref(new window)

The Ministry of Business Innovation & Employment (MBIE), Small Business Factsheet 2014, I.a.E. The Ministry of Business, Editor. 2014.

Fabiano, B., F. Curro, and R. Pastorino, "A study of the relationship between occupational injuries and firm size and type in the Italian industry," Safety Science, 42(7): pp. 587-600, 2004. crossref(new window)

Lopez, M.A.C., et al., "Construction industry accidents in Spain. Journal of Safety Research," 39(5): pp. 497-507, 2008. crossref(new window)

Hinze, J., C. Pedersen, and J. Fredley, "Identifying root causes of construction injuries," Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 124(1): pp. 67-71, 1998. crossref(new window)

Sawacha, E., S. Naoum, and D. Fong, Factors affecting safety performance on construction sites. International Journal of Project Management, 17(5): pp. 309-315, 1999. crossref(new window)

McVittie, D., H. Banikin, and W. Brocklebank, "The effects of firm size on injury frequency in construction," Safety Science, 27(1): pp. 19-23, 1997. crossref(new window)

Jeong, B.Y., "Occupational deaths and injuries in the construction industry," Applied Ergonomics, 29(5): pp. 355-360, 1998. crossref(new window)

Lamm, F., Occupational health & safety in Australian small business: what can be done to reduce the lack of awareness and raise the level of compliance in Australian small business? 1999: Industrial Relations Research Centre, University of New South Wales.

Masi, D. and E. Cagno, "Barriers to OHS interventions in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises," Safety Science, 71: pp. 226-241, 2015. crossref(new window)

Champoux, D. and J.-P. Brun, "Occupational health and safety management in small size enterprises: an overview of the situation and avenues for intervention and research," Safety science, 41(4): pp. 301-318, 2003. crossref(new window)

Curtis, M. and I. Page, Small construction firms in New Zealand, S. 315, Editor. 2014, BRANZ.

Gillen, M., et al., "Perceived safety climate, job demands, and coworker support among union and nonunion injured construction workers," Journal of safety research, 33(1): pp. 33-51, 2002. crossref(new window)

Ozmec, M., et al., "Negotiating safety practice in small construction companies," Safety Science, 71: pp. 275-281, 2015. crossref(new window)

Rubenowitz, S., "Survey and intervention of ergonomic problems at the workplace," International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 19(4): pp. 271-275, 1997. crossref(new window)

Smith, M.J. and P. Carayon, "Using the 'Balance Model'for occupational safety and health promotion," in Ergonomics and Health Aspects of Work with Computers. Springer. pp. 105-114, 2009,

Ministry of Business Innovation & Employment, Construction, Ministry of Business Innovation & Employment, Editor. 2013.

Legg, S., et al., Managing safety in small and medium enterprises. "Safety Science," 71: pp. 189-196. 2015. crossref(new window)

Kvorning, L.V., P. Hasle, and U. Christensen, "Motivational factors influencing small construction and auto repair enterprises to participate in occupational health and safety programmes," Safety Science, 71: pp. 253-263, 2015. crossref(new window)

Forrester, J.W., Industrial dynamics. 1961: Wiley.

Sterman, J., Business Dynamics: Systems Thinking and Modeling for a Complex World. 2000: Irwin/McGraw-Hill.

Marais, K., J.H. Saleh, and N.G. Leveson, "Archetypes for organizational safetym" Safety Science, 44(7): pp. 565-582, 2006. crossref(new window)

Ministry of Business Innovation & Employment, Working Safer: Progress towards the 2020 target. 2014.

Hale, A., D. Borys, and M. Adams, "Safety regulation: The lessons of workplace safety rule management for managing the regulatory burden," Safety Science, 71, Part B(0): pp. 112-122, 2015. crossref(new window)

Brockner, J., E.T. Higgins, and M.B. Low, "Regulatory focus theory and the entrepreneurial process," Journal of Business Venturing, 19(2): pp. 203-220, 2004. crossref(new window)

Blewett, V. and V. O'Keeffe, "Weighing the pig never made it heavier: Auditing OHS, social auditing as verification of process in Australia," Safety Science, 49(7): pp. 1014-1021, 2011. crossref(new window)

Maher, R., Value for the principal, in Safeguard. 2009.

The Accident Compensation Corporation, Workplace Safety Discount Application. 2014, ACC.