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Analysis of PLL Phase Noise Effect for High Data-rate Underwater Communications
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 Title & Authors
Analysis of PLL Phase Noise Effect for High Data-rate Underwater Communications
Lee, Chong-Hyun; Bae, Jin-Ho; Hwang, Chang-Ku; Lee, Seung-Wook; Shin, Jung-Chae;
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High data-rate underwater communications is demanded. This demand imposes stringent requirements on underwater communication equipment of phase-locked-loop (PLL). Phase noise in PLL is unwanted and unavoidable. In this paper, we investigate the PLL phase noise effect on high order QAM for underwater communication systems. The phase noise model using power spectral density is adopted for performance evaluation. The phase noise components considered in PLL are reference oscillator, voltage controlled oscillator (VCO), filter and divider. The filters in PLL noise are assumed to be second order active and passive low pass filters. Through simulation, we analyze the phase noise characteristics of the four components and then investigate the performance improvement factor of each component. Consequently, we derive specifications of VCO, phase detector, divider to meet performance requirement of high data-rate communication using QAM under phase noise influence.
Underwater Communication;Phase-Locked-Loop (PLL);Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO);Quadrature Ampli-tude Modulation (QAM);Phase noise;
 Cited by
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