Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Generational Differences in Children's Externalizing Behavior Problems
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Generational Differences in Children's Externalizing Behavior Problems
Moon, Ui Jeong; Hofferth, Sandra L.;
  PDF(new window)
This study examines the effects of time spent with parents and peers on generational differences in children's externalizing behavior problems in immigrant families. Using the Child Development Supplement and Time Diaries from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we found that first and second generation children exhibited fewer externalizing behavior problems than did third generation children, despite their lower socioeconomic status. First and second generation children spent more time with either one or both parents, and less time with peers, on the weekend day than did third generation children. We found a marginal but beneficial effect of time spent with fathers on the weekday, but not on the weekend day. The implications are that time spent with fathers on weekdays differs from time spent with fathers on the weekend, and that promoting immigrant father involvement on the weekday through school or community programs could benefit immigrant children.
immigrant children;externalizing behavior problems;acculturation;parent and peer time;time diaries;
 Cited by
Barratt, M. S. (1993). Early childrearing in Japan: Cross-cultural and intracultural perspectives. Early Development and Parenting, 2(1), 3-6. crossref(new window)

Chan, R. W. (1999). Social contexts, adolescent misconduct, and psychological adjustment among Chinese-American and Filipino-American adolescents (Doctoral Dissertation).

Chao, R. K. (1994). Beyond parental control and authoritarian parenting style: Understanding Chinese parenting through the cultural notion of training. Child Development, 65(4), 1111-1119. crossref(new window)

Cook, W. K., Hofstetter, C. R., Kang, M., Hovell, M. F., & Irvin, V. (2009). Rethinking acculturation: A study of alcohol use of Korean American adolescents in Southern California. Contemporary Drug Problems, 36(1-2), 217-244. crossref(new window)

Crouter, A. C., Head, M. R., McHale, S. M., & Tucker, C. J. (2004). Family time and the psychosocial adjustment of adolescent siblings and their parents. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66(1), 147-162. crossref(new window)

Delgato-Gaitan, C. (1994). Socializing young children in Mexican American families: An intergenerational perspective. In P. M. Greenfield & R. R. Cocking (Eds.), Cross-cultural roots of minority child development (pp. 55-86). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Dinh, K. T., Roosa, M. W., Tein, J., & Lopez, V. A. (2002). The relationship between acculturation and problem behavior proneness in a Hispanic youth sample: A longitudinal mediation model. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30(3), 295-309. crossref(new window)

Elder, G. H. (1969). Peer socialization in school. Educational Leadership, 26, 465-473.

Florsheim, P. (1997). Chinese adolescent immigrants: Factors related to psychosocial adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 26(2), 143-163. crossref(new window)

Fuligni, A. J., Tseng, V., & Lam, M. (1999). Attitudes towards family obligations among American adolescents with Asian, Latin American, and European Backgrounds. Child Development, 70(4), 1030-1044. crossref(new window)

Gil, A. G., Vega, W. A., & Dimas, J. M. (1994). Acculturative stress and personal adjustment. Journal of Community Psychology, 22(1), 43-54. crossref(new window)

Gil, A., & Vega, W. (1996). Two different worlds: Acculturation stress and adaptation among Cuban and Nicaraguan families. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 13(3), 435-456. crossref(new window)

Gil, A., Wagner, E., & Vega, W. (2000). Acculturation, familism and alcohol use among Latino adolescent males: Longitudinal relations. Journal of Community Psychology, 28(4), 443-458. crossref(new window)

Gonzales, N., German, M., Kim, S. Y., George, P., Fabrett, F. C., Millsap, R. et al. (2008). Mexican American adolescents’ cultural orientation, externalizing behavior and academic engagement: The role of traditional cultural values. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41(1-2), 151-164. crossref(new window)

Harris, K. M. (1998). The health status and risk behavior of adolescents in immigrant families. In Children of Immigrants: Health, Adjustment, and Public Assistance. In D.J. Herendez (Ed.), Committee on the Health and Adjustment of Immigrant Children and Families, Board on Children, Youth, and Families. Washington, DC: National Academic Press.

Hernandez, D. J. (2004). Demographic change and the life circumstances of immigrant families. The Future of Children, 14(2), 17-48.

Hofferth, S. L. (1999). Public assistance receipt by Mexican American and Cuban American children in native and immigrant families. In D. Hernandez (Ed.), Children of immigrants: Health, adjustment, and public assistance (pp. 546-583). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Hofferth, S. L. (2003). Race/ethnic differences in father involvement in two-parent families; Culture, context, or economy? Journal of Family Issues, 24(2), 185-216. crossref(new window)

Hofferth, S. L. (2009). Changes in American children’s time-1997 to 2003. International Journal of Time Use Research, 6(1), 26-47. crossref(new window)

Hofferth, S. L., & Sandberg, J. F. (2001). How American children spend their time. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 63(3), 295-308. crossref(new window)

Jeong, Y., & You, H. (2013). The influence of family capital on children’s working memory in new immigrant families in the United States. International Journal of Human Ecology, 14, 41-51.

Kao, G. (2004). Social capital and its relevance to minority and immigrant populations. Sociology of Education, 77(2), 26-47.

Kim, E. (2005). Korean American parental control: Acceptance or rejection? Ethos, 33(3), 347-366. crossref(new window)

Kim, S. Y., & Wong, V. Y. (2002). Assessing Asian and Asian American parenting: A review of the literature. In S. O. K. S. Kurasaki, & S. Sue (Ed.), Asian American mental health: Assessment theories and methods (pp. 185-201). New York, NY: Kluwer.

Kim, S. Y., Chen, Q., Li, J., Huang, X., & Moon, U. J. (2009). Parentchild acculturation, parenting, and adolescent depressive symptoms in Chinese immigrant families. Journal of Family Psychology, 23(3), 426-437. crossref(new window)

Larson, R. W., & Verma, S. (1999). How children and adolescent spent time across the world: Work, play, and developmental opportunities. Psychological Bulletin, 125(6), 701-736. crossref(new window)

Lau, S., & Cheung, P. C. (1987). Relations between Chinese adolescents’ perception of parental control and organization and their perception of parental warmth. Developmental Psychology, 23(5), 726-729. crossref(new window)

Le, T. N., & Stockdale, G. D. (2005). Individualism, collectivism, and delinquency in Asian American adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34(4), 681-691. crossref(new window)

Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98(2), 224-253. crossref(new window)

McLoyd, V. C. (1990). The impact of economic hardship on Black families and children: Psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotional development. Child Development, 61(2), 311-346. crossref(new window)

Morales, L., Lara, M., Kington, R., Valdez, R., & Escarce, J. (2002). Socioeconomic, cultural, and behavioral factors affecting Hispanic health outcomes. Journal of Health Care Poor Underserved, 13(4), 477-503. crossref(new window)

Muthen, L. K., & Muthen, B. O. (1998-2010). Mplus user's guide (Fifth Edition). Los Angeles, CA: Muthen & Muthen.

Pantin, H., Schwarts, S. J., Sullivan, S., Coatsworth, J. D., & Szapocznik, J. (2003). Preventing substance abuse in Hispanic immigrant adolescents: An eco-developmental, parent-centered approach. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Science, 25(4), 469-500. crossref(new window)

Peterson, J. L., & Zill, N. (1986). Marital disruption, parent-child relationships, and behavioral problems in children. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 48(2), 295-307. crossref(new window)

Pettit, G. S., Bates, J. E., Dodge, K. A., & Meece, D. W. (1999). The impact of after-school peer contact on early adolescent externalizing problems is moderated by parental monitoring, perceived neighborhood safety, and prior adjustment. Child Development, 70(3), 768-778. crossref(new window)

Rogler, L. H., Cortes, D. E., & Malgady, R. G. (1991). Acculturation and mental health status among Hispanics: Convergence and new directions for research. American Psychologist, 46(6), 585-597. crossref(new window)

Rubin, K. H., Chen, X., McDougall, P., Bowker, A., & McKinnon. J. (1995). Waterloo Longitudinal Project: Predicting internalizing and externalizing problems in adolescence. Development and Psychopathology, 7(4), 751-764. crossref(new window)

Sabogal, F., Marin, G., Otero-Sabogal, R., Van Oss Marin, B., & Perez-Stable, E. J. (1987). Hispanic familism and acculturation: What changes and what doesn't? Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 9(4), 397-412. crossref(new window)

Stage, F. K., Carter, H. C., & Norma, A. (2004). Path analysis: An introduction and analysis of a decade of research. Journal of Education Research, 98(1), 5-12. crossref(new window)

Szapocznik, J., & Kurtines, W. M. (1993). Family psychology and cultural diversity. American Psychologist, 48(4), 400-407. crossref(new window)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2001). Mental Health: Culture, Race, and Ethnicity-A Supplement to Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services.

Updegraff, K. A., McHale, S. M., Whiteman, S. D., Thayer, S. M., & Crouter, A. C. (2006). The nature and correlates of Mexican-American adolescents' time with parents and peers. Child Development, 77(5), 1470-1486. crossref(new window)

Yeung, W. J., Sandberg, J. F., Davis-Kean, P. E., & Hofferth, S. L. (2001). Children’s time with fathers in intact families. Journal of Marriage and Family, 63(1), 136-154. crossref(new window)