JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
THE PARTIAL COMBUSTION OF METHANE TO SYNGAS OVER PRECIOUS METALS AND NICKEL CATALYSTS SUPPORTED ON -γAL2O3 AND CEO2
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Environmental Engineering Research
  • Volume 10, Issue 3,  2005, pp.131-137
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
  • DOI : 10.4491/eer.2005.10.3.131
 Title & Authors
THE PARTIAL COMBUSTION OF METHANE TO SYNGAS OVER PRECIOUS METALS AND NICKEL CATALYSTS SUPPORTED ON -γAL2O3 AND CEO2
Seo, Ho-Joon;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The catalytic activity of precious metals(Rh, Pd, Pt) and nickel catalysts supported on in the partial combustion of methane(PCM) to syngas was investigated based on the product distribution in a fixed bed now reactor under atmospheric condition and also on analysis results by SEM, XPS, TPD, BET, and XRD. The activity of the catalysts based on the syngas yield increased in the sequence $Rh(5)/CeO_2{\geq}Ni(5)/CeO_2>>Rh(5)/Al_2O_3>Pd(5)/Al_2O_3>Ni(5)/Al_2O_3$. Compared to the precious catalysts, the syngas yield and stability of the catalyst were almost similar to catalyst, and superior to these of any other catalysts. The syngas yield of catalyst was 90.66% at 1023 K. It could be suggested to be the redox cycle of the successive reaction and formation of active site, and the lattice oxygen, produced due to reduction of to .
 Keywords
Partial Combustion of Methane;Precious Metal Catalyst(Rh, Pd, Pt);Ni Catalyst;;;Redox cycle;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Seo, H. J. and Yu, E. Y., 'Carbon nanotubes resulted from the carbon dioxide reforming by catalytic pyrolysis to reduce the greenhouse gas,' Environ. Eng. Res., 7(4), 247-252 (2002) crossref(new window)

2.
Lunsford, J. H., 'Catalytic conversion of methane to more useful chemicals and fuels : a challenge for the 21st century,' Catal. Today, 63, 165-174 (2000) crossref(new window)

3.
Rostrup-Nielsen, J. R., 'New aspects of syngas production and use,' Catal. Today, 63, 159-164 (2000) crossref(new window)

4.
Cimino, S., Colonna, S., Rossi, S. D., Faticanti, M., Lisi, L., Pettiti, I., and Porta, P., 'Methane combustion and CO oxidation on zrconia-supported La, Mn oxides and $LaMnO_3$ perovskite,' J. Catal., 205, 309-317 (2002) crossref(new window)

5.
Pengpanich, S., Meeyoo, V., and Rirksombon, T., 'Methane partial oxidation over Ni/$CeO_2$-$ZrO_2$mixed oxide solid solution catalysts,' Catal. Today, 93-95, 95-105 (2004)

6.
Takehira, K, Shishido, T., Wang, P., Kosaka, T., and Ta kaki, K., 'Autothermal reforming of $CH_4$ over supported Ni catalysts prepared from Mg-AI hydrotalcite-like anionic clay,' J. Catal., 221, 43-54 (2004) crossref(new window)

7.
Seo, H. J., 'The effect of oxygen in carbon dioxide reforming of methane over a Rh (5wt%) / $Al_2O_3$ catalyst,' Environ. Eng. Res., 713, 185-189 (2002)

8.
Claridge, J. B., Green, M. L. H., Tsang, S. C., York, A. P. E., Ashcroft A. T., and Battle, P. D., 'A study of carbon deposition on catalysts during the partial oxidation of methane to synthesis gas,' Catal. Lett., 22, 299-305 (1993) crossref(new window)

9.
Fathi, M., Bjorgum, E., Viig, T., and Rokstad, O. A., 'Partial oxidation of methane to synthesis gas: Elimination of gas phase oxygen,' Catal. Today, 63, 487-497 (2000)

10.
Shan, W., Luo, M., Ying, P., Shen, W., and Li, C., 'Reduction property and catalytic activity of $Ce_1-x.$ $Ni_xO_2$ mixed oxide catalysts for $CH_4$ oxidation,' Appl. Catal., A: General, 246, 1-9 (2003) crossref(new window)

11.
Stoynanova, M., Christoskova, St., and Georgieva, M., 'Mixed Ni-Mn-oxide systems as catalysts for complete oxidation : Part I. Preparation and Characterization,' Appl. Catal., A: General, 249, 285-294 (2003) crossref(new window)

12.
Takeguchi, T., Kikuchi, R., Yano, T., Egachi, K., and Murata, K., 'Effect of precious metal addition to Ni-YSZ cermet on reforming of $CH_4$ and electrochemical activity as SOFC anode,' Catal. Today, 84, 217-222 (2003) crossref(new window)

13.
Thevenin, P.O., Pocoroba, E., Pettersson, L. J., Karhu, H., Vayrynen, I. J., and Jaras, S. G., 'Characterization and activity of supported palladium combustion catalysts,' J. Catal., 207, 139-149 (2002) crossref(new window)

14.
He, H., Dai, H. X., Au, C. T., 'Defective structure, oxygen mobility, oxygen storage capacity, and redox properties of RE-based (RE=Ce, Pr) solid solution,' Catal. Today, 90, 245-254 (2004) crossref(new window)

15.
Xu, J. and Overbury, S. H., '$H_2$ reduction of $CeO_2$(111) surfaces via boundary Rh-O mediation,' J. Catal., 222, 167-173 (2004) crossref(new window)

16.
Damyanova, S., and Bueno, J. M. C., 'Effect of $CeO_2$ loading on the surface and catalytic behaviors of $CeO_2$-$Al_2O_3$-supported Pt catalysts,' Appl. Catal., A: General, 253, 135-150 (2003) crossref(new window)

17.
Craciun, R., Daniell, W., Knozinger, H., 'The effect of $CeO_2$ structure on the activity of supported Pd catalysts used for methane steam reforming,' Appl. Catal., A: General, 230, 153-168 (2002) crossref(new window)

18.
Jacobs, G., Chenu, E., Patterson, P. M., Williams, L., Sparks, D., Thomas, G., Davis, B. H., 'Water-gas shift: comparative screening of metal promoters for metal/ceria systems and role of the metal,' Appl. Catal., A: General, 258, 203-214 (2004) crossref(new window)

19.
Larese, C., Galisteo, F. C., Granados, M. L., M.ariscal, R., J. L. G. Fierro, J. L. G., Lambrou, P. S. Efstathiou, A. M., 'Effects of the $CePO_4$ on the oxygen storage and release properties of $CeO_2$ and $Ce_{0.8}Zr_{0.2}O_2$ solid solution,' J. Catal., 226, 443-456 (2004) crossref(new window)

20.
Sheng, P.-Y., Bowmaker, G. A., Idriss, H., 'The reactions of ethanol over Au/$CeO_2$,' Appl. Catal., A: General, 261, 171-181 (2004) crossref(new window)

21.
Martinez, R., Romero, E., Guimon, C., Bilbao, R., '$CO_2$ reforming of methane over coprecipitated Ni-Al catalysts modified with lanthanum,' Appl. Catal., A: General, 274, 139-149 (2004) crossref(new window)