JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
CHARACTERISTICS OF A WATER-PURIFICATION SYSTEM USING IMMOBILIZED PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA BEADS
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Environmental Engineering Research
  • Volume 10, Issue 5,  2005, pp.227-238
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
  • DOI : 10.4491/eer.2005.10.5.227
 Title & Authors
CHARACTERISTICS OF A WATER-PURIFICATION SYSTEM USING IMMOBILIZED PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA BEADS
Kim, Joong-Kyun; Park, Kyoung-Joo; Cho, Kyoung-Sook; Nam, Soo-Wan; Kim, Yong-Ha;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The characteristics of nitrogen removal by the free cell and the immobilized cell of R. capsulatus were investigated. Denitrification by R. capsulatus cells resulted in reduction of ORP with the rapid depletion of DO and the increase of pH. Without accumulation of nitrite, the removal efficiencies of -N for the free cell and the immobilized cell were 99.1 and 99.3%, respectively. During the three-month experiment of goldfish breeding equipped with a water-purification biofilter, the average values of pH and total cell numbers present in an aquarium were not significantly different between water-purification system and the control. The average concentrations of -N and -P in water-purification system were relatively low, compared to that in the control. Goldfish died at , , , and days in the control, while goldfish died at , , and days in the water-purification system. On the days of goldfish's death, the total concentrations of nitrogenous compounds except for were higher than those on the other days of the experiment, especially with the concentrations of -N ranging from 7.4 to 13.5 mg/L. The water-purification system also showed the less turbidity of water with more active movement of goldfish than the control. PVA gel beads showed almost the full denitrifying ability even after the long-term experiment. As a result, the water-purification system was effective to remove nitrogenous compounds with better survival of goldfish.
 Keywords
Water purification;Photosynthetic bacteria;Immobilized cell;Nitrogen removal;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
EFFECTS OF THE HERBICIDE, BUTACHLOR, ON NITROGEN FIXATION IN PHOTOTROPHIC NONSULFUR BACTERIA,;;;

Environmental Engineering Research, 2007. vol.12. 4, pp.136-147 crossref(new window)
2.
Purification of Aquarium Water by PVA Gel-Immobilized Photosynthetic Bacteria during Goldfish Rearing,;;;;;

Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE, 2009. vol.14. 2, pp.238-247 crossref(new window)
1.
Purification of aquarium water by PVA gel-immobilized photosynthetic bacteria during goldfish rearing, Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering, 2009, 14, 2, 238  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Chen, S., Coffin, D. E., and Malone, R. F., 'Sludge production and management for recirculating aquacultural systems,' J. World Aquac. Soc., 28(4), 303-315 (1997) crossref(new window)

2.
Hargreaves, J. A., 'Nitrogen biogeochemistry of aquaculture ponds,' Aquaculture 166(3-4), 181-212 (1998) crossref(new window)

3.
Kikuta, T. and Fukada, A., 'Water Quality Control of Aquarium Water for Admired Fishes,' Examples of Purification of the Waters for Environmental Use, Murakami, M. (Ed.), Power-Sha, Tokyo, pp. 11-17 (1996)

4.
Nagadomi, H., Hiromitsu, T., Takeno, K., Watanabe, M., and Sasaki, K., 'Treatment of aquarium water by denitrifying photosynthetic bacteria using immobilized polyvinyl alcohol beads,' J. Biosci. Bioeng., 87(2), 189-193 (1999) crossref(new window)

5.
Rostron, W. M., Struckey, D. C., and Young, A. A., 'Nitrification of high strength ammonia wastewaters: Comparative study of immobilisation media,' Water Res., 35, 1169-1178 (2001) crossref(new window)

6.
Chen, K.-C. and Lin, Y. F., 'Immobilization of microorganisms with phosphorylated polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) gel,' Enzyme Microb. Technol, 16, 79-83 (1994) crossref(new window)

7.
Kariminiaae-Hamefaani, H.-R., Kanda, K., and Kato, F., 'Denitrification activity of the bacterium Pseudomonas sp. ASM-2-3 isolated from the Ariake Sea Tideland,' J. Bisci Bioeng., 97, 39-44 (2004) crossref(new window)

8.
Wijffels, R. H., Schukking, G. C., and Tramper, J., 'Characterization of a denitrifying bacteria immobilized in $\kappa$-carrageenan,' Appl. Microb. Biotechnol., 34, 399-403 (1990)

9.
Nilson, I. and Ohlson, S., 'Immobilized cells in microbial nitrate reduction,' Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol., 7, 39-41 (1982) crossref(new window)

10.
Wiffels, R. H., Shukking, G. C., and Tramper, J., 'Characterization of a denitrifying bacterium immobilized in $\kappa$-carrageenan,' Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 34, 399-403 (1990)

11.
Nilson, I., Ohlson, S., Haggstrom, L., Mollin, N., and Mosbach, K., 'Denitrification of water using immobilized Pseudomonas denitrificans,' Eur. J. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 10, 261-274 (1980) crossref(new window)

12.
Klapwik, A., van der Hoeven, J. C. M., and Lettinga, G., 'Biological denitrification in an upflow sludge blanket reactor,' Water Res., 15, 1-6 (1981) crossref(new window)

13.
Sasaki, K., Hashimoto, G., Lin, T., Takeno, K., and Suzuki, K., 'Removal of nitrate ion by denitrification and the purification of fishing pond with immobilized cells,' Mizushyori-Gijyutsu, 32, 29-35 (1991). (in Japanese)

14.
Hashimoto, S. and Furukawa, K., 'Immobilization of activated sludge by the PVA-boric acid method,' Biotechnol. Bioeng., 30, 52-59 (1987) crossref(new window)

15.
Hashimoto, S., 'Wastewater purification by immobilized microorganism,' Yousui to Haisui, 29, 725-734 (1987)

16.
Shen, J. and Hirayama, O., 'Denitrification of PVA-immobilized denitrifying photosynthetic bacterium, Rhodobacter sphaeroides,' J. Ferment. Bioeng., 75, 43-47 (1993) crossref(new window)

17.
Sasaki, K., Tanaka, T., and Nagai, S., 'Use of Photosynthetic Bacteria for the Production of SCP and Chemicals from Organic Wastes,' Bioconversion of Waste Materials to Industrial Products, 2nd ed., Martin, A. M. (Ed), Blakie Academic & Professional (Chapman & Hall), London, New York, Tokyo, pp. 247-290 (1998)

18.
Chen, K.-C., Lee, S.-C., Chin, S.-C., and Houng, J.- Y., 'Simultaneous carbon-nitrogen removal in wastewater using phosphorylated PVA-immobilized microorganisms,' Enzyme Microb. Technol., 23, 311-320 (1998) crossref(new window)

19.
Neter, J., Wasserman, W., and Kutner, M. H., Applied Linear Statistical Models, 2nd ed., IRWIN, Homewood, pp. 574-579 (1985)

20.
Rittmann, B. E. and McCarty, P. L., Environmental Biotechnology: Principles and Applications, McGraw-Hill, Boston Burr Ridge, p. 754 (2001)

21.
Cao, G., Zhao, Q., Sun, X., and Zhang, T., 'Characterization of nitrifying and denitrifying bacteria coimmobilized in PVA and kinetics model of biological nitrogen removal by coimmobilized cells,' Enzyme Microb. Technol., 30, 49-55 (2002) crossref(new window)

22.
Nagadomi, H., Hiromitsu, T., Takeno, K., Watanabe, M., and Sasaki, K., 'Treatment of aquarium water by denitrifying photosynthetic bacteria using immobilized polyvinyl alcohol beads,' J. Biosci. Bioeng., 87(2), 189-193 (1999) crossref(new window)

23.
McCarthy, M. J. and Gardner, W. S., 'An application of membrane inlet mass spectro-photometry to measure denitrification in a recirculating mariculture system,' Aquaculture, 218, 341-355 (2003) crossref(new window)

24.
Grommen, R., Van Hauteghem, I., Van Wambeke, M., and Verstraete, W., 'An improved nitrifying enrichment to remove ammonium and nitrite from freshwater aquaria systems,' Aquaculture, 211, 115-124 (2002) crossref(new window)

25.
Chen, K.-C., Chen, S.-J., and Houng, J.-Y., 'Improvement of gas permeability of denitrifying PVA gel beads,' Enzyme Microb. Technol., 18, 502-506 (1996) crossref(new window)