JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
EFFECT OF INLET LOADING RATE ON THE ELIMINATION OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE AND AMMONIA IN IMMOBILIZED CELL BIOFILTERS
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Environmental Engineering Research
  • Volume 11, Issue 5,  2006, pp.285-291
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
  • DOI : 10.4491/eer.2006.11.5.285
 Title & Authors
EFFECT OF INLET LOADING RATE ON THE ELIMINATION OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE AND AMMONIA IN IMMOBILIZED CELL BIOFILTERS
Kim, Jung-Hoon; Rene, Eldon R.; Park, Seung-Han; Park, Hung-Suck;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Biofiltration is a simple, effective, economically viable and the most widely used gas treatment technique for treating malodors at low concentrations and high flow rates. This paper reports the performance of two lab scale immobilized cell biofilters operated in continuous mode for hydrogen sulfide () and ammonia () removal. The removal efficiency (RE, %) and the elimination capacity (EC, ) profiles were monitored by subjecting the biofilters to different loading rates of (0.3 to ) and (0.3 to ). The removal efficiencies were greater than 99% when inlet loading rate to the biofilters were upto and respectively. The performance of the biofilters were also ascertained by conducting shock loading studies at a loading rate of and . The results from this study show high removal efficiency, good recuperating potential and stability of the immobilized microbial consortia to transient shock loads.
 Keywords
Immobilized cell biofilter;Performance;Removal efficiency;Elimination capacity;Shock loading conditions;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Yang, Y. and Allen, E. R., 'Biofiltration control of hydrogen sulphide, I: design and operational parameters,' J. Air. Waste. Manag. Assoc., 44, 863-868 (1994)

2.
Wani, A. H., Branion, R. M. R. and Lau, A. K., 'Effects of periods of starvation and fluctuating hydrogen sulfide concentration on biofilter dynamics and performance,' J. Hazard. Mat., 60, 287-303 (1998) crossref(new window)

3.
Syed, M., Soreanu, G., Falletta, P. and Beland, M., 'Removal of hydrogen sulfide from gas streams using biological processes - A review,' Canadian Biosys. Eng., 48, 2.1-2.14 (2006)

4.
Gabriel, D. and Deshusses, M. A., 'Retrofitting existing chemical scrubbers to biotrickling filters for $H_{2}S$ emission control,' In: Proc of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America., 100, 6308-6312 (2003)

5.
Elias, A., Barona, A., Arreguy, A., Rios, J., Aranguiz, I. and Penas, J., 'Evaluation of a packing material for the biodegradation of $H_{2}S$ and product analysis,' Proc. Biochem., 37, 813-820 (2002) crossref(new window)

6.
Rene, E. R., Murthy, D. V. S. and Swaminathan, T., 'Performance evaluation of a compost biofilter treating toluene vapours,' Proc. Biochem., 40, 2771-2779 (2005) crossref(new window)

7.
Devinny, J. S., Deshusses, M. A. and Webster, T. S., 'Biofiltration for air pollution control,' Lewis Publishers, NY (1999)

8.
Amarsanaa, A., Shin, W. S., Choi, J-H. and Choi, S-J., 'Biofiltration of gaseous toluene using adsorbent containing polyurethane foam media,' Environ. Eng. Res., 11, 1-13 (2006) crossref(new window)

9.
Chung, Y-C., Huang, C. and Tseng, C-P., 'Operation optimization of Thiobacillus thioparus CH11 biofilter for hydrogen sulfide removal,' J. Biotechnol., 52, 31-38 (1996) crossref(new window)

10.
Leson, G. and Winer, A., 'Biofiltration: an innovative air pollution control technology for VOC emissions,' J. Air Waste Manage Assoc., 41, 1045-1054 (1991) crossref(new window)

11.
Cha, J. M., Cha, W. S. and Lee, J. H., 'Removal of organosulphur odor compounds by Thiobacillus novellas SRM, sulphur-oxidizing microorganisms,' Proc. Biochem. 34, 659-665 (1999) crossref(new window)

12.
Chung, Y-C., Huang, C., Tseng, C-P. and Pan, J. R., 'Biotreatment of $H_{2}S$ and $NH_{3}$ containing waste gases by co-immobilized cells biofilter,' Chemosphere, 41, 329-336 (2000) crossref(new window)

13.
Chung, Y. C., Huang, C. and Tseng, C-P., 'Kinetic of hydrogen sulfide by immobilized autotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria in bioreactors,' Biotechnol. Techniques., 10, 743-748 (1996)

14.
Chung, Y., Huang, C. and Tseng, C-P., 'Removal of hydrogen sulphide by immobilized Thiobacillus sp. strain CH11 in a biofilter,' J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 69, 58-62 (1997) crossref(new window)

15.
Pagans, E-I., Font, X. and Sanchez, A., 'Biofiltration for ammonia removal from composting exhaust gases,' Chem. Eng. J., 113, 105-110 (2005) crossref(new window)

16.
Ottengraf, S. P., P., 'Exhaust gas purification' In: Rehm, H. J., Reed, G., (Eds.) Biotechnology, vol. 8, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim, 425-452 (1986)

17.
Chen, Y-X., Yin, J. and Wang, K-X., 'Long-term operation of biofilters for biological removal of ammonia,' Chemosphere., 58, 1023-1030 (2005) crossref(new window)

18.
Sublette, K. L. and Sylvester, N. D., 'Oxidation of hydrogen sulfide by continuous cultures of Thiobacillus denitrificans,' Biotechnol. Bioeng. 29, 753-758 (1987) crossref(new window)