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Effect of Biosurfactant Addition on the Biodegradation of Phenanthrene in Soil-water System
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  • Journal title : Environmental Engineering Research
  • Volume 13, Issue 1,  2008, pp.8-13
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
  • DOI : 10.4491/eer.2008.13.1.008
 Title & Authors
Effect of Biosurfactant Addition on the Biodegradation of Phenanthrene in Soil-water System
Shin, Kyung-Hee; Kim, Ju-Yong; Kim, Kyoung-Woong;
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 Abstract
The extent of solubility enhancement by biosurfactant was examined at various pHs prior to the biodegradation experiments. The molar solubilization ratio (MSR) was calculated from the batch solubilization experiments and the highest MSR was detected at pH 5. The effect of the biosurfactant, rhamnolipids, on the phenanthrene mineralization in soil-water system was investigated. The strain 3Y was selected for the mineralization assay and large amounts of phenanthrene were degraded at neutral pH in soil-water system without the biosurfactant. The addition of 150 mg/L rhamnolipids showed no effect on mineralization of phenanthrene in soil-water system, and total mineralization rates after 6 weeks incubation at each pH showed no differences in presence and absence of rhamnolipids. Our result indicated that the toxic effect of rhamnolipids can disappear when soil particles exist, and also the enhanced solubility of phenanthrene does not work for mineralization enhancement in this soil-water system.
 Keywords
Rhamnolipids;Soil;Solubility;Mineralization;Phenanthrene;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Partitioning of phenanthrene into surfactant hemi-micelles on the bacterial cell surface and implications for surfactant-enhanced biodegradation, Water Research, 2013, 47, 13, 4612  crossref(new windwow)
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