Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
DOI : 10.4491/eer.2010.15.2.093
Title & Authors
Chemical Composition and Seasonal Variation of Acid Deposition in Chiang Mai, Thailand Sillapapiromsuk, S.; Chantara, S.;
This study aims to determine the chemical composition and seasonal variation of atmospheric acid deposition in order to identify possible sources contributing to precipitation. Sampling and analysis of 132 wet deposition samples were carried out from January to December 2008 at Mae Hia Research Center, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai Province. Total precipitation was 1,286.7 mm. Mean electro-conductivity and pH values were 0.94 mS/m and 6.27, respectively. Major cations (, , , , and ) and major anions (, , , , and ) were determined by Ion Chromatography. The relative volume weight mean concentrations of anions, in descending order, were > > > > and those of cations were > > > > . Results of a principle component analysis highlighted the influence of various possible sources of ions such as agricultural activity, fuel combustion, marine sources, soil resuspension, and biomass burning.
Chemical composition of the haze in Malaysia 2005, Atmospheric Environment, 2013, 77, 1005
Kirby CS, McInerney B, Turner MD. Groundtruthing and potential for predicting acid deposition impacts in headwater streams using bedrock geology, GIS, angling, and stream chemistry. Sci. Total Environ. 2008;393:249-261.
Munger JW. Chemistry of atmospheric precipitation in the north-central United States: Influence of sulfate, nitrate, ammonia and calcareous soil particulates. Atmos. Environ. 1982;16:1633-1645.
Al-Momani IF, Tuncel S, Eler U, Ortel E, Sirin G, Tuncel G. Major ion composition of wet and dry deposition in the eastern Mediterranean basin. Sci. Total Environ. 1995;164:75-85.
Schuurkes JAAR, Maenen MMJ, Roelofs JGM. Chemical characteristics of precipitation in $NH_3$-affected areas. Atmos. Environ. 1988;22:1689-1698.
Plaisance H, Galloo JC, Guillermo R. Source identification and variation in the chemical composition of precipitation at two rural sites in France. Sci. Total Environ. 1997;206:79-93.
Seto S, Hara H. Precipitation chemistry in western Japan: Its relationship to meteorological parameters. Atmos. Environ. 2006;40:1538-1549.
Strayer H, Smith R, Mizak C, Poor N. Influence of air mass origin on the wet deposition of nitrogen to Tampa Bay, Florida-An eight-year study. Atmos. Environ. 2007;41:4310-4322.
Chandra Mouli P, Venkata Mohan S, Reddy SJ. Rainwater chemistry at a regional representative urban site: Influence of terrestrial sources on ionic composition. Atmos. Environ. 2005;39:999-1008.
Andre F, Jonard M, Ponette Q. Influence of meteorological factors and polluting environment on rain chemistry and wet deposition in a rural area near Chimay, Belgium. Atmos. Environ. 2007;41:1426-1439.
Galloway JN, Knap AH, Church TM. The composition of western Atlantic precipitation using shipboard collectors. J. Geophys. Res. 1983;88:10859-10864.
Smirnioudi VN, Siskos PA. Chemical composition of wet and dust deposition in Athens, Greece. Atmos. Environ. Part B: Urban Atmos. 1992;26 B:483-490.
Tuncel SG, Ungor S. Rain water chemistry in Ankara, Turkey. Atmos. Environ. 1996;30:2721-2727.
Lee BK, Hong SH, Lee DS. Chemical composition of precipitation and wet deposition of major ions on the Korean peninsula. Atmos. Environ. 2000;34:563-575.
Higashino H, Tonooka Y, Yanagisawa Y, Ikeda Y. Emission inventoryof SO2, and NOx in East Asia with grid data system. In: Murano K, ed. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Unification of Monitoring Protocol of Acid Deposition and Standardization of Emission Inventory; Tsukuba, Japan; 1997. p. 124-144.
Balasubramanian R, Victor T, Begum R. Impact of biomass burning on rainwater acidity and composition in Singapore. J. Geophys. Res. D: Atmos. 1999;104:26881-26890.
Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET). Technical Documents for Wet Deposition Monitoring in East Asia; 2000. Available from: http://www.eanet.cc/product/techwet.pdf
Chantara S, Chunsuk N. Comparison of wet-only and bulk deposition at Chiang Mai (Thailand) based on rainwater chemical composition. Atmos. Environ. 2008;42:5511-5518.
Quality assurance handbook for air pollution measurement systems. Vol. V: Precision measurement systems. Washington, DC: US Environmental Protection Agency. 1994. Report No.: EPA/600/R-94/038E.
Possanzini M, Buttini P, Di Palo V. Characterization of a rural area in terms of dry and wet deposition. Sci. Total Environ. 1988;74:111-120.
Vong RJ. Mid-latitude northern hemisphere background sulfate concentration in rainwater. Atmos. Environ. Part A: Gen. Top. 1990;24:1007-1018.
Ayers GP, Yeung KK. Acid deposition in Hong Kong. Atmos. Environ. 1996;30:1581-1587.
Huang DY, Xu YG, Peng P, Zhang HH, Lan JB. Chemical composition and seasonal variation of acid deposition in Guangzhou, South China: Comparison with precipitation in other major Chinese cities. Environ. Pollut. 2009;157:35-41.
Zhang M, Wang S, Wu F, Yuan X, Zhang Y. Chemical compositions of wet precipitation and anthropogenic influences at a developing urban site in southeastern China. Atmos. Res. 2007;84:311-322.
Hu GP, Balasubramanian R, Wu CD. Chemical characterization of rainwater at Singapore. Chemosphere 2003;51:747-755.
Saarikoski S, Sillanpaa M, Sofiev M, et al. Chemical composition of aerosols during a major biomass burning episode over northern Europe in spring 2006: Experimental and modelling assessments. Atmos. Environ. 2007;41:3577-3589.