Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
DOI : 10.4491/eer.2010.15.4.231
Title & Authors
Designation and Management of Water Source Protection Areas for Indirect Intakes Choi, Ji-Yong; Hwang, Dae-Ho;
With increased chemical and economic development activities in upstream areas, the amounts of pollutants released have increased, and as such, so has the need for positive management of water supply source areas. Although more than 90% of the water supply sources in Korea depend on direct intake from surface water, the interest in indirect intake, such as riverbank filtration water, has recently risen, with some local governments currently undertaking indirect intake. Even in cases of indirect intake, water supply source protection zones need to be assigned for the comprehensive control of pollutants. To establish water quality protection zones for indirect intake, the scope of the protection zones needed to reflect the hydrological features of the water-bearing deposits of each site. Water source protection areas were estimated and presented as the 1st (within a 100 m radius from an intake well) and 2nd (within a 2 km radius from an intake well) zones. The 1st zone was more sensitive; hence, the installation of various facilities should be prohibited, and the area should be regarded as off-limits. For the 2nd zone, appropriate management should prohibit and restrict activities already present in the water source protection zone.
Water source protection areas;Indirect intakes;Riverbank filtration;Capture zone;
Ministry of Environment. Assessment result of management status of water source protection zone. Gwacheon: Ministry of Environment; 2007.
Ministry of Environment. Research on the management of water supply source protection zones. Gwacheon: Ministry of Environment; 2008.
Lee KG. 2008. Establishment of groundwater well water quality protection zone for protecting the water quality of ground water, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Seoul: Seoul National University; 2008 Lee KG. Establishment of "groundwater well water quality protection zone" for protecting the water quality of ground water [dissertation]. Seoul: Seoul National University; 2008.
Cornaton F. Deterministic models of groundwater age, life expectancy and transit time distributions in advective-dispersive systems [dissertation]. Neuchatel, Switzerland: Center of Hydrogeology, Institute of Geology, University of Neuchatel; 2003.
Therrien R, Sudicky EA, McLaren RG, Panday SM. HydroGeoSphere: a three-dimensional numerical model describing fully-integrated subsurface and surface flow and solute transport. Canada: Universite Laval, University of Waterloo; 2005.