Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Hydrogen Sulfide and Siloxane on Landfill Gas Utility Facilities
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Environmental Engineering Research
  • Volume 16, Issue 3,  2011, pp.159-164
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
  • DOI : 10.4491/eer.2011.16.3.159
 Title & Authors
Effects of Hydrogen Sulfide and Siloxane on Landfill Gas Utility Facilities
Nam, Sang-Chul; Hur, Kwang-Beom; Lee, Nam-Hoon;
  PDF(new window)
This study examined the emission characteristics of impure gas-like hydrogen sulfide and siloxane contained in landfill gas (LFG) and investigated the effect of impure gas on LFG utility facilities. As a result of an LFG component analysis from eight landfills in the same environment, hydrogen sulfide averaged 436 ppmv (22-1,211 ppmv), and the concentration of total siloxane averaged 7.95 mg/ (1.85-21.18 mg/). In case of siloxane concentration by component, the ratio of D4 (average 3.79 mg/) and D5 (average 2.64 mg/) indicated the highest level. Different kinds of scales were found on the gas air heater (GAH) and inside the boiler. The major component of scale from the GAH was of 38.5%, and it was caused by hydrogen sulfide. Other scale was found on the bottom and the wall of the boiler and the scale was silicon dioxide of 92.8% and 98.9%. The silicon dioxide scale was caused by combustion of siloxane. As a result of a scanning electron microscopy analysis, the structure of the silicon dioxide scale from the boiler was an immediate filamentous type. Consequently, as silicon dioxide scale is bulky, such bad effects were worsening, as an interruption in heat conduction, increase in fuel consumption, damage to the boiler by overheating, and clogged emission pipeline could occur in LFG utility facilities.
Effect;Hydrogen sulfide;Landfill gas;Siloxane;Utility facilities;
 Cited by
Effects of Pre-aeration on the Anaerobic Digestion of Sewage Sludge,Ahn, Young-Mi;Wi, Jun;Park, Jin-Kyu;Higuchi, Sotaro;Lee, Nam-Hoon;

Environmental Engineering Research, 2014. vol.19. 1, pp.59-66 crossref(new window)
과산화수소 전처리가 하수슬러지의 혐기성 소화에 미치는 영향,안영미;위준;박진규;히구치 소타로;이남훈;

한국폐기물자원순환학회지, 2013. vol.30. 8, pp.915-922 crossref(new window)
Emissions and Control of Hydrogen Sulfide at Landfills: A Review, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 2015, 45, 19, 2043  crossref(new windwow)
Effects of Pre-aeration on the Anaerobic Digestion of Sewage Sludge, Environmental Engineering Research, 2014, 19, 1, 59  crossref(new windwow)
Adsorption characteristics of siloxanes in landfill gas by the adsorption equilibrium test, Waste Management, 2013, 33, 10, 2091  crossref(new windwow)
Willumsen H. Landfill gas recovery plants: looking at types and numbers worldwide. Waste Manage. World 2004;Jul-Aug:125-133.

Seo DC, Song SS, Won JC. Removal of volatile organic silicon compounds (siloxane) from landfill gas by adsorbents. J. Korean Soc. Environ. Eng. 2009;31:793-802.

Bove R, Lunghi P. Electric power generation from landfill gas using traditional and innovative technologies. Energy Convers. Manage. 2006;47:1391-1401. crossref(new window)

Rasi S, Lehtinen J, Rintala J. Determination of organic silicon compounds in biogas from wastewater treatments plants, landfills, and co-digestion plants. Renew. Energy 2010;35:2666-2673. crossref(new window)

Hagmann M, Heimbrand E, Hentshcel P. Determination of siloxanes in biogas from landfills and sewage treatment plants. In: Proceedings of the 17th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium; 1999 Oct 4-8; Cagliari, Italy. p. 483-488.

Hayes HC, Graening GJ, Saeed S, Kao S. A summary of available analytical methods for the determination of siloxanes in biogas. In: SWANA 26th Annual Landfill Gas Symposium; 2003 Mar 24-27; Tampa, FL. p. 24-27.

Shin HC, Park JW, Park K, Song HC. Removal characteristics of trace compounds of landfill gas by activated carbon adsorption. Environ. Pollut. 2002;119:227-236. crossref(new window)

Kim NJ, Choi JM, Ji EJ. Solvent selection for the detection of siloxanes in landfill gas. J. Korean Soc. Environ. Eng. 2007;29:915-921.

Rasi S, Lantela J, Veijanen A, Rintala J. Landfill gas upgrading with countercurrent water wash. Waste Manage. (Oxford) 2008;28:1528-1534. crossref(new window)

Ohannessian A, Desjardin V, Chatain V, Germain P. Volatile organic silicon compounds: the most undesirable contaminants in biogases. Water Sci. Technol. 2008;58:1775-1781. crossref(new window)

Dewil R, Appels L, Baeyens J. Energy use of biogas hampered by the presence of siloxanes. Energy Convers. Manage. 2006;47:1711-1722. crossref(new window)

Ajhar M, Travesset M, Yuce S, Melin T. Siloxane removal from landfill and digester gas--a technology overview. Bioresour. Technol. 2010;101:2913-2923. crossref(new window)

Kim JK, Choi HS, Yoo IS. Adsorption of the siloxane contained in landfill gas using clay mineral. J. Korean Ind. Eng. Chem. 2006;17:465-470.

Tower P. Removal of siloxanes from landfill gas by SAGTM polymorphous porous graphite treatment systems. In: SWANA 26th Annual Landfill Gas Symposium; 2003 Mar 24-27; Tampa, FL. p. 1-5.

Jeong SR, Park JK, Hur KB, Lee CY, Lee NH. Characteristics of siloxane concentrations in landfill gas. J. Korean Soc. Waste Manage. 2010;27:356-362.

Saeed S, Kao S, Graening G. Comparison of impinger and canister methods for the determination of siloxanes in air. In: AWMA Symposium on Air Quality Measurement Methods and Technology; 2002 Nov 13-15; San Francisco, CA.

Song SH, Eom CY, Hur KB, Lee NH, Lee CY. Characterization of siloxane concentrations in anaerobic digestion gas of organic wastes. J. Korean Soc. Waste Manage. 2010;27:348-355.

Air Toxics Ltd. Siloxanes by GC/MS: introducing the Air Toxics Ltd. method. In the Air 2002;7:1-3.

Song SS. Characterization and adsorptive removal methods of siloxanes in landfill gas [dissertation]. Incheon: Inha University; 2009.

Seo DC, Yun SK, Kim MJ, et al. Determination of organic silicon compounds (siloxane) in landfill gas. J. Korean Soc. Waste Manage. 2007;24:391-399.

Wheless E, Pierce J. Siloxanes in landfill and digester gas update. In: SWANA 27th Annual Landfill Gas Symposium; 2004 Mar 22-25; San Antonio, TX.

Tower P. New technology for removal of siloxanes in digester gas results in lower maintenance costs and air quality benefits in power generation equipment. In: WEFTEC 78th Annual Technical Exhibition and Conference; 2003 Oct 11-15; Los Angeles, CA. p. 2-8.