Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Composting of Water Hyacinth using a Pilot Scale Rotary Drum Composter
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Environmental Engineering Research
  • Volume 17, Issue 2,  2012, pp.69-75
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
  • DOI : 10.4491/eer.2012.17.2.069
 Title & Authors
Composting of Water Hyacinth using a Pilot Scale Rotary Drum Composter
Singh, Waikhom Roshan; Das, Ayan; Kalamdhad, Ajay;
  PDF(new window)
Composting of water hyacinth, mixed with cattle manure, rice husk and sawdust in four different proportions, was performed in a pilot scale rotary drum composter. The physico-chemical characteristics, i.e., temperature, moisture content, pH, electrical conductivity, total organic matter (OM), nitrogen dynamics and nutrients were evaluated during the 20 days composting process. The stabilities of the composts were also investigated with respirometric analysis, i.e., evolution rates and oxygen uptake rate (OUR). Among all trials, trial 1 (6 water hyacinth, 3 cattle manure, 1 rice husk) indicated the best composting mix, as shown by the highest temperature profile and OM loss, and lowest evolution rate and OUR.
Cattle manure;Composting;Rotary drum;Stability;Water hyacinth;
 Cited by
Effect of Rotary Drum on the Speciation of Heavy Metals during Water Hyacinth Composting,;;

Environmental Engineering Research, 2013. vol.18. 3, pp.177-189 crossref(new window)
Effect of Rotary Drum on the Speciation of Heavy Metals during Water Hyacinth Composting, Environmental Engineering Research, 2013, 18, 3, 177  crossref(new windwow)
Microbial population, stability and maturity analysis of rotary drum composting of water hyacinth, Biologia, 2014, 69, 10  crossref(new windwow)
Abbasi SA. Weeds of despair, and hope. In: Abbasi SA, Mishra PK, Abbasi N, Bhatia KK, eds. Wetlands of India: ecology and threats. New Delhi: Discovery Pub. House; 1997. p. 12-21.

Husain Z; North-East India Council for Social Science Research. Environmental issues of north east India. New Delhi: Regency Publications; 2003. p. 84-85.

Gupta R, Mutiyar PK, Rawat NK, Saini MS, Garg VK. Development of a water hyacinth based vermireactor using an epigeic earthworm Eisenia foetida. Bioresour. Technol. 2007;98:2605-2610. crossref(new window)

Gigliotti G, Valentini F, Erriquens FG, Said-Pullicino D. Evaluating the efficiency of the composting process: a comparison of different parameters. Geophys. Res. Abstr. 2005;7:09606.

Weber J, Karczewska A, Drozd J, et al. Agricultural and ecological aspects of a sandy soil as affected by the application of municipal solid waste composts. Soil Biol. Biochem. 2007;39:1294-1302. crossref(new window)

Hargreaves J, Adl MS, Warman PR, Rupasinghe HP. The effects of organic amendments on mineral element uptake and fruit quality of raspberries. Plant Soil 2008;308:213-226. crossref(new window)

California Compost Quality Council. Compost maturity index. Nevada City: California Compost Quality Council; 2001.

Bernai MP, Paredes C, Sánchez-Monedero MA, Cegarra J. Maturity and stability parameters of composts prepared with a wide range of organic wastes. Bioresour. Technol. 1998;63:91-99. crossref(new window)

Hue NV, Liu J. Predicting compost stability. Compost Sci. Util. 1998;3:8-15.

Gilbert EJ, Riggle DS, Holland D; Composting Association. Large-scale composting: a practical manual for the UK. Wellingborough: The Composting Association; 2001.

Lasaridi KE, Stentiford EI. A simple respirometric technique for assessing compost stability. Water Res. 1998;32:3717- 3723. crossref(new window)

Gomez RB, Lima FV, Ferrer AS. The use of respiration indices in the composting process: a review. Waste Manag. Res. 2006;24:37-47. crossref(new window)

Zucconi F, Monaco A, Forte M, de Bertoldi M. Phytotoxins during the stabilization of organic matter. In: Gasser JK, ed. Composting of agricultural and other wastes: proceedings of seminar organized by Commission of the European Communities, Directorate-General Science, R and D, Environment Research Progress; Mar 19-20, 1984; Brasenose College, Oxford, UK. London: Elsevier Applied Science; 1985.

Keeling AA, Paton IK, Mullett JA. Germination and growth of plants in media containing unstable refuse-derived compost. Soil Biol. Biochem. 1994;26:767-772. crossref(new window)

Das A, Kalamdhad AS. Evaluation of water hyacinth compost stability using respirometric techniques. Int. J. Res. Chem. Environ. 2011;1:109-113

Naganawa T, Kyuma K, Yamamoto H, Tatsuyama K. Automatic measurement of $CO_{2}$ evolution in multiple samples in small chambers. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 1990;36:141-143. crossref(new window)

Iannotti KE, Papadimitriou EK, Balis C. Compost stability. Biocycle 1996;11:62-66.

Vourinen AH, Saharinen. Evolution of microbiological and chemical parameters during manure and straw co-composting in a drum composting system. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 1997;66:19-29. crossref(new window)

Mohee R, Mudhoo A. Analysis of the physical properties of an in-vessel composting matrix. Power Technol. 2005;155:92-99. crossref(new window)

Aboulam S, Morvan B, Revel JC. Use of a rotating-drum pilot plant to model the composting of household waste on an industrial scale. Compost Sci. Util. 2006;14:184-190. crossref(new window)

Smith DR, Cawthon DL, Sloan JJ. In-vessel, mechanical rotating drum composting of institutional food residuals. Compost Sci. Util. 2006;14:155-161. crossref(new window)

Kalamdhad AS, Pasha M, Kazmi AA. Stability evaluation of compost by respiration techniques in a rotary drum composter. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 2008;52:829-834. crossref(new window)

Tiquia SM, Tam NF. Fate of nitrogen during composting of chicken litter. Environ. Pollut. 2000;110:535-541. crossref(new window)

Clesceri LS, Greenberg AE, Trussell RR. Standard Methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 17th ed. Washington: American Public Health Association; 1989.

Knoepp JD, Vose JM. Quantitative comparison of in situ soil $CO_{2}$ flux measurement methods. Asheville: Southern Research Station, US Department of Agriculture; 2002. Research paper SRS-28.

Sanchez-Monedero MA, Roig A, Paredes C, Bernal MP. Nitrogen transformation during organic waste composting by the Rutgers system and its effects on pH, EC and maturity of the composting mixtures. Bioresour. Technol. 2001;78:301-308. crossref(new window)

Ko HJ, Kim KY, Kim HT, Kim CN, Umeda M. Evaluation of maturity parameters and heavy metal contents in composts made from animal manure. Waste Manag. 2008;28:813-820. crossref(new window)

Haug RT. The practical handbook of compost engineering. Boca Raton: Lewis Publishers; 1993.

Hirai MF, Chanyasak V, Kubota H. A standard measurement for compost maturity. Biocycle 1983;24:54-56.

Morisaki N, Phae CG, Nakasaki K, Shoda M, Kubota H. Nitrogen transformation during thermophilic composting. J. Ferment. Bioeng. 1989;67:57-61. crossref(new window)

Kalamdhad AS, Kazmi AA. Rotary drum composting of different organic waste mixtures. Waste Manag. Res. 2009;27:129- 137. crossref(new window)